The region is sparsely populated, it flows through, among other things pissa and Angrapa. The sparsely populated south of the Rajons is characterized by wooded countryside, while more forest and pasture dominate quilted landscape in the north. Main occupation of the population is agriculture. By Rajonsgebiet runs the main rail and road link from Kaliningrad to Moscow.
The Rajon Gusev consists of the urban community Gussewskoje with eight other settlements and four rural communities with 32 settlements.
The Rajon was founded on April 7, 1946 as Gumbinnenski rayon. He joined to the existing 1945 circuit Gumbinnen. On September 7, 1946, the city was renamed Gumbinnen Gusev and Rajon rajon in Gussewski. The town of Gusev was rajonfrei, but was the administrative seat of Rajons.
In the years 1963-1965 the Raion within the framework of short-term general and administrative reform in Rajon Nesterov was connected. In 1996, the city was incorporated into the Gusev Rajon.
As part of local government Rajon got first in 2004 the status of a city district ( Гусевский городской округ, Gussewski Gorodskoi okrug ) and finally in 2008 the status of a " municipal " Rajons ( Гусевский муниципальный район, Gussewski munizipalny rayon ). The existing seven village districts were converted into four rural communities.