Heike Henkel (born Redetzky; born May 5, 1964 in Kiel, Schleswig -Holstein) is a former German high jumper. At the beginning of the 1990s, they won six international titles; it is currently the only high jumper, which could be in three consecutive years European champion, World champion and Olympic champion.
It started as a gymnast at TSV Kronshagen and was active as a youth in the sport of fencing and basketball, in addition they started with athletics. In 1980, she won her first German youth championship in the high jump with 1.84 meters. From 1981 to 1983, the athletes of the TSV Kronshagen started in an athletics community with good healing Neumünster. Heike Redetzky defended their 1981 Youth Championships and finished at the European Junior Championships in 1981 to fifth place. At the German Junior Championships 1982, they rose to a new personal best of 1.89 m and won the competition. After a weaker 1983, she reached the fourth place at the German Indoor Championships 1984. The breakthrough to the national top she succeeded in the outdoor championships in 1984 when they won the title at the same level before Ulrike Meyfarth 1.91 m. At the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles, she reached in qualifying with 1.90m nearly perform at their best in the finals she won with 1.85 m in eleventh place, while Ulrike Meyfarth ersprang their second Olympic gold medal. In her last year at TSV Kronshagen Heike Redetzky both the Germans won the 1985 indoor and the outdoor title.
In the winter of 1985, she moved to LG Bayer Leverkusen to train there with Gerd Osenberg, who had already Heide Rosendahl and Ulrike Meyfarth out to Olympic victory. At the European Championships in 1986 Heike Redetzky finished with 1.90 m in sixth place. The following year, she reached at the European Indoor Championships and fifth at the World Indoor Championships in sixth place with 1.91 m respectively. In the outdoor world championships in Rome she crossed 1.96m and finished as in the hall sixth place. In 1988, she won her first international medal when she won at the European Indoor Championships in Budapest together with Larissa Kositsina from the USSR with 1.97 m silver behind the Bulgarian Stefka Kostadinowa. In the outdoor season Heike Redetzky improved to 1.98 m. In the 1988 Olympics she missed 13 out of the qualification just the finals. In winter, they again won a medal hall at the World Indoor Championships, which was held as the European Indoor Championships in Budapest in the year before, she won with 1.94 m in third place behind Stefka Kostadinowa and Tamara Bykova. On 24 May 1989 she married in Kiel the swimmer Rainer Henkel.
At the German Championships 1989 Heike Henkel subject of blasting for the SC Charlottenburg Andrea Arens, who achieved success with 1.98 m, the highest jump of her career; Heike Henkel was the only defeat at German Championships until 1994. On August 20, 1989 she managed the sports festival in Cologne, the first two-meter jump of her career. After she had now been six years at international championships there, she won the European Indoor Championships in 1990 in Glasgow with 2.00 m their first international title. Second was 1.94 m Britta Voros from the GDR, jumped to third place Galina Astafei from Romania. At the European Championships 1990 in Split for the last time were athletes from the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany in separate teams. The high jump and reached the best jumper of the GDR, Heike Balck, fifth place. Heike Henkel won with 1.99 m in front of Biljana Petrović from the host Yugoslav team and Jelena Jelessina from the Soviet Union, which both jumped 1.96m.
In 1991, Heike Henkel continue their winning streak. She won at the World Indoor Championships in Seville with 2.00 m in front of Tamara Bykova and Heike Balck. In early August they crossed in Monte Carlo 2.04 m, surpassing the eight -year-old German record by Ulrike Meyfarth. Four weeks later, she threw herself at the World Championships in Tokyo to 2.05 m and won by seven centimeters ahead of Jelena Jelessina. 1991 won Heike Henkel, the overall ranking of the Athletics Grand Prix.
At the German Indoor Championships 1992 Heike Henkel provided with 2.07 m to a new indoor world record. Shortly thereafter, she won at the European Indoor Championships in Genoa with 2.02 m, where they had skipped all heights in the first attempt, which is why they won after the experiment More generally gold before Stefka Kostadinowa who had also mastered 2,02 m. At the Olympic Games in 1992 Heike Drechsler had won gold in the long jump on August 7. The next day, Heike Henkel stepped up to take the high jump finals and won with 2.02 m in front Astafei Galina. Thus, both gold medals were in the jump to a German named Heike. Heike Henkel received this year still further honors: After she had already gotten in the German championships Rudolf Harbig Memorial Award, she was elected at the end of the world track and field athlete of the year and Germany's Sportswoman of the Year.
After three years in which she had won all the titles, she succumbed at the World Indoor Championships in Toronto in 1993 with 2,02 m against Stefka Kostadinowa, at the same level this time the more experimental rule had on their side. In the outdoor season Henkel won the German league title with 2.00 meters at the World Championships in Stuttgart in 1993 she qualified as opposed to Kostadinowa for the final, but then appeared not to due to injury.
After nine indoor championship titles Heike Henkel did not start in 1994 at the German Indoor Championships in late February came her first son. The young mother tried nevertheless once again to continue their career. At the German outdoor Championships, she finished fifth, while Heike Balck won their first league title after the reunification. Up to the European Championships 1994 Henkel came true in such good shape that they overcame the qualifying height of 1.92 m, but in the final she left at 1.85 m from an early stage. While Heike Balck finished sixth, won another jumper from the former GDR: Britta Vörös had married to Slovenia and won as Britta Bilac. While Britta Bilac so that was not a national competitor for Heike Henkel, she got through the naturalization of Alina Astafei ( formerly Galina Astafei ) another world class athlete to the opponent. At the German Indoor Championships 1995 Astafei won ahead of Henkel and won their first German title. In March at the World Indoor Championships in Barcelona in 1995, the three high jumpers reached the podium, who had five years earlier received the medals at the European Indoor Championships in Glasgow. Astafei was 2.01 m their first gold medal for Germany, Britta Bilac won silver from Heike Henkel, both had crossed 1.99 m. In the outdoor season, defeated Astafei Henkel at the German Championships. At the World Championships in Gothenburg Henkel missed the finals, while Astafei won silver behind Kostadinowa. 1996 Henkel took again behind Astafei second place at the German Championships. After she could not manage the Olympic qualification, she ended her career.
After the birth of her second son in 1997, Heike Henkel returned once to the stadiums. In 1999, she won at the German outdoor championships and the following year the hall title. Its last great race was at the European Indoor Championships in 2000 in Ghent, where they could once again be eighth with 1.85 m. In the outdoor season in 2000 she left then finally as an active athlete.
Your indoor world record lost Heike Henkel after 14 years on February 4, 2006 to the Swedish Kajsa Bergqvist. The jump over 2.07 m but is (as of November 2009) nor as German indoor record, while her outdoor record was surpassed after 18 years on June 14, 2009 by Ariane Friedrich.
Heike Henkel is 1,82 m tall and weighed about 62 kg competition times. From 1989 to 2001 she was married to the swimmer Rainer Henkel; from the marriage comes two children. Another daughter comes from the community of life with ex- decathlete Paul Meier, with whom she has been married since April 30, 2004. In 1996, she completed her studies in graphic design successfully with the diploma. With a wealth of experience from her days as a high performance athlete she now gives lectures on various topics such as motivation, success and failure. The already committed during their career anti-doping campaigner belonged from 2002 to 2005 the board of the national anti -doping agency NADA on. Since January 2007, Heike Henkel is the patron of children's hospice service Outpatient in Cologne.
- Outdoor: 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1999
- Halle: 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2000