Maia (city)

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Maia is a city in northern Portugal. The city has the same municipality and the districts Gueifães and Vermoim approximately 35600 inhabitants (as of 2001). In the cathedral of Maia is a Arp Schnitger organ.

  • 5.1 Highway
  • 5.2 transport


Finds indicate a prehistoric settlement, especially in the Old Stone Age and the Iron Age. Thanks to the fertile soil and its water resources then the Romans settled here.

The present town was built during the Reconquista. As Terra da Maia was the area in the 13th century, a separate administrative district, located between Porto and the left - bank Ave. In 1304 it became part of the district of Porto, and in 1360 it assumed the King D. Pedro his son, the Prince D. Dinis.

1519, King D. Manuel I. Maia first town charter and made it again to the seat of a circle. Between 1700 and 1836 among 44 communities to the circle, so that the coast between the rivers Leca and comprised Ave. 1809, the French army marched by Maia at Porto to, in connection with the Napoleonic invasions.

In the course of administrative reform by the Liberal Revolution in 1822 the Council Maia was disbanded after it had been from 1832 to 1834 frequently the scene of civil war battles between liberal and absolutist troops in Miguelistenkrieg. As part of the administrative reforms of the Mouzinho da Silveira of the county in 1836 was then restored, but with a much smaller area. After a new resolution in 1857 the county has been independent since 1868. 1902 was raised Maia to the small town ( Vila ). After the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910 the philosopher Leonardo Coimbra temporarily ruled the place. On August 23, 1986 Maia became a town ( Cidade ).


Council Maia

Maia is the seat of an eponymous district ( concelho ) in the district of Porto. June 30, 2011 had the circle 135 049 inhabitants in an area of 83.1 km ².

The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Trofa, Santo Tirso, Valongo, Gondomar, Porto, Matosinhos and Vila do Conde.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Maia:

  • Águas Santas
  • Barca
  • Folgosa
  • Gemunde
  • Gondim
  • Gueifães ( Municipality Maia )
  • Maia ( municipality )
  • Milheirós
  • Moreira
  • Nogueira
  • Pedrouços
  • Santa Maria de Avioso
  • São Pedro de Avioso
  • São Pedro Fins
  • Silva Escura
  • Vermoim ( Municipality Maia )
  • Vila Nova da telha


Local holiday

  • Monday after the second Sunday in July


  • Canada Sault Ste. Marie ( Ontario ), Canada
  • France Andrézieux- Bouthéon, France
  • Portugal Mirandela, Portugal
  • France Mantes- la -Jolie, France
  • Valpaços Portugal, Portugal

In addition, the following partnerships are initiating:

  • Cape Verde São Nicolau, Cape Verde
  • People's Republic of China Lanzhou, China
  • Mozambique Nampula, Mozambique
  • Sao Tome and Principe Água Grande, São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Spain León, Spain
  • People's Republic of China Shanghai, China


The football club FC Maia founded in 1954, played between 2004 and 2006 in the Second Portuguese League, and occurs after the following descents today in Divisions of the District Association of the shipping costs. It plays its home games at the originally built in 1930 and today 15,000 seater stadium Prof. Dr. Vieira de Carvalho from.

Other football clubs in the county are the Sports Club, founded in 1938 Castêlo da Maia, the Associação Cultural Recreativa Desportiva Gondim - Maia 1976, and the existing since 2009 Futebol Clube Maia Lidador who also play in all leagues at the district level.

On 26 October 2013, the Portuguese national football team of the women wore here from a qualifying match for the FIFA Women's World Cup in 2015 against the Dutch selection, they lost 0:7.

From the municipality of Castelo de Maia comes the same volleyball club, who already won several times the championship and the national cup, especially the women's team.

From the 5th to March 9th, 2014 found here along the III MAIA FIG ACRO WORLD CUP and the MAIA VIII INTERNATIONAL ACRO CUP 2014 held an international competition for sports acrobatics. 17 countries participated in 2014.

Since 2003, the city of Maia organized the international chess tournament Carvalho Memorial, the first winner in 2003 was the Armenian chess grandmaster Karen Movsesjan.

By 2008, the cycling team União Ciclista da Maia was home (also Maia Milaneza, from 2008 LA- MSS) here. With the Portugal tour the most important cycling race in Portugal already crossed several times the circle Maia.


Maia is one of the more economically developed Greater Oporto. The office building Torre Lidador is one of the tallest buildings in Portugal. Among the companies here be mentioned in particular the Sonae Group, which also include the telecommunications and media companies Sonaecom and the wood materials company Sonae Indústria include that also have their headquarters in Maia. The Sonae Group is regarded as the largest taxpayer in Portugal.

Even German companies are represented in Maia, including Häfele, a manufacturer of hardware and locking systems.


Long-distance traffic

Various railway lines cross the circle, especially the Linha de Guimarães with the station Maia, the Linha do Minho with a stop in Águas Santas, and the Linha de Leixões stopping in Pedrouços.

Maia is connected via the A3 motorway and the A41 motorway to the road network of the country.

The county operates the airport in the town of Maia Folgosa, which is used for sports and general aviation. The Porto International Airport is also in the district of Maia, in the village of Pedras Rubras that the Parish Moreira and partly belongs to Vila Nova de telha.


Maia is integrated into the rail system of Porto, the Metro do Porto. Also operate a variety bus routes in the district, especially the STCP. About the railways also run local trains of CP Regional, the train types Regionais, Urbano and Suburbanos.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Gonçalo Mendes da Lidador called Maia (1079-1170), Knight and general, (German leader )
  • Domingos Jorge († 1619), a missionary in Japan, blessed martyrs spoken
  • David Moreira da Silva (1909-2002), architect and town planner, including in Coimbra and in Luanda, Angola
  • Fernando Campos (* 1924), writer
  • Moreira de Sá ( born 1928 ), cyclist, winner of the Tour of Portugal 1952
  • José Vieira de Carvalho (1938-2002), university professor and conservative politician
  • Fernando Teixeira dos Santos ( 1951), economist and politician, Minister of Finance 2005-2011
  • José Manuel Duarte Vieira ( b. 1952 ), engineer, manager and administrative officer
  • Miguel Araújo (born 1978 ), songwriter and pop musician
  • Paulo Jorge ( b. 1981 ), football player
  • Carolina Torres ( * 1989), singer and television presenter
  • Geraldes André de Barros (* 1991), football player