Montrouge is a commune with 48,710 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011 ) in the department of Hauts -de -Seine in the Ile- de -France region. It is located southwest of the capital Paris and belongs to the catchment area (French banlieue ) of the metropolis.


The town takes its name from the name Munterubeus or Rubeo Monte after the reddish-yellow color of the soil. The name first appeared in 1194 in a text of the monastery of Saint- Lazare. By the 13th century, one of the by William of Malavalle named (around 1100 to 1157, French Guilleaume de Maleval or Malaval ) Benedictine religious communities of Wilhelmiten taught (French Guillemites or Guillemin ) one in the field.

Around 1640 a Wild reservation for the royal hunts were hedged in the plain of Montrouge.

In the course of 1860 made ​​, so far last incorporations of different suburbs in the city of Paris Montrouge lost the Petit -Montrouge said territory which forms now represents a quarter of the XIV arrondissement of Paris. But the " Great Montrouge " remained. This causes the area of the city was reduced from 305 ha to 105 ha in 1875 won the municipality of several hectares of the neighboring communities of Châtillon and Bagneux (district Hautmesnil ). From 1925, the city experienced a major industrial boom by numerous printing and the settlement of the automaker Moteur Messier and Schlumberger.


Printing companies and automobile manufacturers have disappeared from the city. Today, the main employers are the service industries ( Survey Institute) and telecommunications ( Orange ), gone are the many craft shops.


From 1922 to 1957 was in Montrouge the Buffalo Stadium. It had a velodrome and was used for football and rugby games and boxing matches.


  • Fête des Carriere: this festival commemorates the old limestone quarries and takes place at the beginning of autumn.
  • Since 1955, every year takes place the Salon of Contemporary Art.


  • Boutroux Émile (1845-1921), philosopher, member of the Académie française, born in Montrouge.
  • Raoul Pugno (1852-1914), pianist, organist, composer and music educator.
  • Octave Lapize (1887-1917), a cyclist, winner of the Tour de France in 1910, born in Montrouge.
  • Robert Doisneau (1912-1994), photographer. Born in Gentilly, had lived since 1937 in Montrouge.
  • Marcel Chevalier (1921-2008), last executioner of France, born in Montrouge.
  • Claude Sautet (1924-2000), writer and French film director, was born in Montrouge.
  • Gérard Brach (1927-2006), French writer, born in Montrouge.
  • Raymond Federman (1928-2009), American writer, born in Montrouge.
  • Coluche (1944-1986) ( Michel Colucci ), comedian, was born in Paris but spent his childhood in Montrouge.
  • Jean -Jacques Goldman ( born 1951 ), author, composer and singer, here spent the greater part of his life and now lives in Marseille.