Port Moody is a city in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It is located approximately 20 km east of Vancouver and is part of the Metro Vancouver district.
Port Moody is located at the end of the Burrard Inlet, one during the Würm glacial period incurred, leading from West to East Fjord. The western part of the township is forested for the most part, bordering the Indian Arm, a leading north branch of the Burrard Inlet. Also in the north, the Eagle Mountain, an up to 1050 m high wooded ridge extends. In the south and south-east lies the flat isthmus of the Burrard Peninsula.
The earliest inhabitants were the Squamish and Musqueam who had temporary camps in the summer, where they hunted, fished and gathered shellfish. The first Europeans, mostly fur traders, the area reached around 1800. During the Cariboo Gold Rush 1858/59 established a unit of Royal Engineers under the command of Richard Moody a path to the eastern end of the fjord. In the case of a U.S. attack should there ships to land and feed the little town further south on the Fraser River in New Westminster with goods and soldiers to settle. Around the pier, a small settlement called Port Moody developed.
One of the conditions of accession of British Columbia to the Canadian Confederation in 1871 was the construction of a transcontinental railroad. 1879 laid the Canadian Pacific Railway ( CPR) Port Moody fixed as the western terminus of the route, two years later the survey began. As a result, the population grew rapidly and it came to land speculation on a large scale, as it was hoped that Port Moody would develop thanks to the railway into a major metropolis.
On 7 November 1885, the railroad was completed by setting the last nail in Craigellachie and the next day reached the train first Port Moody. The scheduled time of operation was opened on 4 July 1886. In the meantime, the CPR but he decided to relocate the western terminus to Vancouver, where more space for port facilities was available. The real estate bubble burst and Port Moody developed much more slowly than expected. On April 7, 1913 Port Moody was declared a city.
The census in 2011 showed a population of 32,975 inhabitants for the community. The population has thereby increased since the census of 2006 at 19.9% , while the population in British Columbia grew simultaneously only by 7.0%.
While in the past sawmills and processing industries prevalent, today is dominated by the service sector. The largest employer is the hospital Eagle Ridge with 900 employees. There are also a port terminal for bulk, two petrochemical plants and a geothermal power plant. In 2004, Port Moody explained the "City of Art ", this. Because of the high concentration of small businesses that are active in the cultural field ( film production, arts and crafts, music ) and several cultural festivals
Port Moody is located on Highway 7A, which runs from Vancouver through Burnaby and Maple Ridge to Hope. The city is situated on the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, is handled on the mainly freight transport. On it runs the West Coast Express commuter train. In addition, the city is accessible by several bus lines of the Coast Mountain Bus Company. Plan is to build the Evergreen Line, a new line of driverless rail transport system Sky Train. It is to run from Burnaby through Port Moody Coquitlam after; the opening is scheduled for 2014.