Edith Head

Edith Head ( born October 28, 1897 in San Bernardino, California when Edith Claire Posener, † October 24, 1981 in Los Angeles ) was an American costume designer in film. They supplied almost 1,000 American films with their costume designs and received 35 Oscar nominations, winning eight Oscars. They thus became the most honored costume designer until now and woman in the history of the Academy Awards.


Edith Head was born the daughter of Max Posener and Anna E. Levy in San Bernardino, California, to the world. She did her Masters in French in 1920 at Stanford University and also completed a course of study with undergraduate at the University of California at Berkeley. At the Otis Institute and the Chouinard Art School in Los Angeles, she continued her studies. During the 1920s, she taught French and art at the Hollywood School for Girls. In 1923 she married Charles Head, from whom she was divorced in 1936. Also in 1923, she tried for a short time as an actress, noted, however, that suited her tailoring of film costumes more. Under the leadership of designer Howard Greer was the first time she worked for Paramount Pictures. From 1927 she was assistant to Travis Banton, who above all with his costumes for Marlene Dietrich made ​​a name for himself in the 1930s. Within the costume department at Paramount, which was later named after her, Head rose in 1938 to head designer. In 1940 she married the Designer Wiard you.

For decades Edith Heads name was synonymous with Hollywood costumes. It influenced American fashion through their designs for some of the leading female stars. Designed by her sarong for Dorothy Lamour in The Jungle Princess (1936 ) caused a stir and has been widely copied. Likewise, the coming of her strapless evening dress with tulle and satin for Elizabeth Taylor in A Place in the Sun ( 1951). For Grace Kelly, she designed a silk dress that this contributed to the Academy Awards in 1954 when she won the Oscar for The Country Girl. After a total of 44 years at Paramount Head in 1967 moved to Universal, where she remained employed until her death.

The film parody Dead Do not Wear Plaid (1981 ) was the last film, was involved in the Head. They copied costumes of other designers from the Studioära, so that the inside cut scenes from classic film noirs of the 1940s fit for the new footage. Edith Head died shortly after finishing their work on this film from the effects of myelofibrosis, a rare disease of the bone marrow. Her grave is at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.

A photo of Edith Head, showing them at work, was issued as a in a block of ten " U.S. 37c " commemorative stamps on 25 February 2003. The brands belong to the series "American Filmmaking: Behind the Scenes". The character of Edna Mode in the Disney / Pixar production The Incredibles (2004) was inspired by Edith Head.

Filmography (selection)


Edith Head received a total of 35 nominations in the category for Best Costume Design. Profits they could eight Oscars for:

  • Star on the Walk of Fame for her films ( 6500 Hollywood Blvd ).