European Hill Climb Championship
The European Hill Climb Championship (European Hill Climb Championship ) is a European motorsport series of mountain races, which currently consists of 13 rounds and is discharged by the FIA .
It was first held in the years 1930 to 1933. After the Second World War, the series was revived in 1957 and continued without interruption until today ( 2013). Thus, it is according to the formula 1, the second oldest racing series of the FIA.
- 2.1 1930-1933
- 2.2 1957-1959
- 2.3 1960-1966
- 2.4 1967-1974
- 2.5 From 1975
The European Champion title will be awarded in two categories in which the following vehicles are eligible:
Category I - Production Cars
- Group N - Production Cars
- Group A - Touring Cars ( including World Rally Cars and Super 1600 )
- Group SP - Super Production Cars
- Group S20 - Super 2000 cars ( rally and circuit racing )
- Group GT - Vehicles of categories GT1, GT2 and GT3
Category II - Race Car
- Group CN - production sports car
- Group D/E2-SS - One-or two -seat racing cars an international formula or formula ³ free with a maximum displacement of 3000 cc. These are primarily vehicles of Formula 3 and Formula 3,000.
- ³ Two-seater sports cars to 3000 cm - E2 -SC
- E2 -SH - Silhouettes touring cars
Up to and including 2008, the classes E2 and E2 -SH -SC were non-existent in Category II. Until then, two-seat sports and single-seater formula cars were united to 3000 cc in the group E2. For 2009, there was a corresponding splitting.
The organizers have both class wins as placements in the groups (not categories), and of course pay cash rewards overall. Through this provision, the FIA wants to provide a high-class starting field. The single premiums are cumulative, so that a successful participants thoroughly with a total premium by 1000 - can be expected in a race €. .
In the Group N and Group A makes itself a tendency to all-wheel drive vehicles noticeable, at least in the largest displacement class that winning the group ( Geldprämie! ) enters also in the rule. The current classifications of Category 1 look like in a one-make cup. In the smaller capacity classes, there are no four-wheel drive, it outweighs the front drive.
2014 may only align a championship run each country.
- Gaisbergrennen ( Austria )
- Freiburg- Schauinsland ( Germany )
- ADAC Bergrennen Trier ( Germany )
- Turckheim (France)
- Oropa Biella (Italy )
- Cronoscalata Pian Camuno - Monte Campione (Italy )
- Monte Erice ( Italy)
- Trofeo Vallecamonica (Italy )
- Monte Bondone (Italy )
- Rampa Internacional Serra da Estrela - Cidade Da Covilha (Portugal )
- Ollon -Villars ( Switzerland ). Following this route, a Porsche 906 was named Bergspyder.
- Sierre -Crans -Montana ( Switzerland )
- Jaizkibel Spain
- Pécs (Hungary )
Season layout and scoring
The calendar is divided into two halves season; with an odd number of races, the first part of a longer season. In each half of the season there is a match result. In the event that three or more races take place in a country that count for a maximum of two riders from that country. ( Have triggered the light barrier) If at least 5 vehicles started in the group, the group is considered to be "full", and there is a perfect score: 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 (one point on each classified participants, also after the 10th rank ). Less than five vehicles, the points are halved.
During the current season, all drivers are listed which have points. In the final standings, only the driver will be taken into account that have to have three or more results. From the penultimate race of the table is cleared, thus eliminating the driver or not taken, who can not come to three results.
Regardless of the monetary rewards of the individual races are for the placings in the overall final classification between cash prizes 1st prize € 3'630 -. 8th place and € 330 - awarded at the annual award ceremony. Nor is credited for each championship point a premium of € 5 - to so that, for example, 185 points from the season the winner 925 - € revealed to the 3,630 - € will be added. .
History and Master
The first time in 1930 discharged European Hillclimb Championship was at the time of the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus ( AIACR ), a forerunner of the FIA organized. The European title was, as now, also, awarded in two categories. The category I was intended for racing cars and Category II for sports cars. 1930 was the championship of 10 races in 10 countries, including such famous races such as the hill climb Shelsley Walsh in England, the Klausen race in Switzerland or the Schauinsland race in Germany. As of 1932, the Gaisbergrennen in Austria this included. However, in the years after 1930 it went with the EBM steadily downhill. So in 1931 the eight races were still held in 1932 and 1933 only five finally only four races, so the championship was finally discontinued in 1934.
In 1957, the European Hillclimb Championship was revived by the FIA. In the first season 6 races were held. In the early years from 1957 to 1959 the European title was only awarded in a relatively free category.
From 1960, the EBM was again extended in two categories. The regulations and the designation of categories changed but in the following years again and again. By the year 1966, the Category I for GT cars and the Category II was designed for sports cars.
Driver in yellow: European Champion
From 1967, all FIA vehicle classes were in the EBM entitled to start except single-seater cars. These were divided tours, sports and racing cars in divisions for GTs. The race cars were at that time two-seat prototype to a maximum of 2 liters. The best points rider of all divisions was awarded the title of European Champion, all other Division winners received a trophy mountain.
Driver in yellow: European Champion
From 1975, no longer a European Champion title was awarded overall. There are now two titles were awarded: one for production cars (formerly Series cars) and one for racing cars (formerly sports car ). To championship for racing cars different classes were admitted over the years. So initially were vehicles of Group 7, admitted to the early eighties racing cars of the group 6 and group C, which were allowed to start even in the World Sportscar Championship. Later, however, it was there rather formula car, which imports the race wins. Especially popular are in this class even today former Formula 3000 race car.
The category of production car sat over the years together from GranTurismos and touring cars. In some cases, such as group A, group B and group N. The driver of the category was further divided into divisions, to me the highest score from the divisions won the European title for production cars, the other division winner a European Cup.