The Oberspreewald -Lausitz, Lower Wokrejs Górne Błota - Łužyca, is a district in the south of the state of Brandenburg. Neighboring districts are in the west of the Elbe-Elster district, in the north of the district of Dahme -Spreewald, to the east of the district of Spree -Neisse and to the south the Saxon districts of Bautzen and Meissen.
- 5.1 Road Access
The Oberspreewald -Lausitz is located in the south of Brandenburg at 51 degrees north latitude and 14 degrees east longitude, 56-201 meters above sea level. The highest mountain in the county is the coach with mountain 201 m above sea level. NN, at the same time the second highest elevation in the state of Brandenburg. The district provides a very good cross-section through the Lausitz dar. In the south, Upper Lusatia and the beginning of Lusatian hill country, then in the middle of Lower Lusatia with the bed of the river Schwarze Elster and the Lusatian border wall and the north of the Upper Spreewald.
By 1945, there were on the floor of the district Oberspreewald -Lausitz Prussian counties Hoyerswerda, Calau and Liebenswerda; from parts of the county in 1952 Senftenberg in the district of Cottbus. In 1990 there was a slight majority in the then district Senftenberg to remain in Saxony, the council decided against annexation to Saxony. The Oberspreewald -Lausitz was established in 1993 as part of the Brandenburg district reform by merging the counties Calau, Senftenberg and smaller parts of the district of Bad Liebenswerda.
The following table shows the development of the population of the district Oberspreewald -Lausitz (population 1990 of 3 October, from 1991, each December 31 of the year ). All figures are according to the respective territorial status (1990 to 1992 area the 6 December 1993).
Source: State Office for Data Processing and Statistics Brandenburg
Population development in the current territorial status and forecasts
Forecast of population development
Forecast age structure
In 2010, the non-party Siegurd Heinze was elected District. He is the first directly elected district administrator and the only directly elected in all of Brandenburg.
The seat of the district administrator is in mining house in Senftenberg.
For the election of District Council on 28 September 2008, the following distribution of seats was:
Coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on 25 November 1994.
Blazon: "Divided by silver and blue, above a border of unreinforced red bull with tail whipped across the back, down a dreigezinnte golden wall, topped with a golden shield, is an upright black lion. "
The coat of arms of the offices, cities and towns of the district can be found in the list of the coat of arms in Oberspreewald -Lausitz.
The flag is white - red - white ( 1:3:1 ) striped and is on the median strip with the circle crest.
Economy and infrastructure
The business locations Grossraeschen, Lauchhammer, Black Heath and Senftenberg is one of 15 regional growth areas in the state of Brandenburg. This selected advanced manufacturing industries are encouraged.
- A 13
- A 15
- B 96
- B 115
- B 156
- B 169
Railroads in the district
With regional and freight services:
- Between Leipzig / Halle- Cottbus - Calau
- Berlin- Cottbus- Lübbenau - Görlitz
- Line Lübbenau - Calau - Altdöbern - Senftenberg
- Route Großenhain Ruhland - Senftenberg - Cottbus
- Route Falkenberg / Elster Lauchhammer - Ruhland - Hoyerswerda Horka
Only freight transport:
- Route Senftenberg -Kamenz
Furthermore, there was an extensive, not public transport serving mine railway network, which linked the opencast lignite mines with the briquette factories and power plants.
Public transport is organized by the transport company Oberspreewald -Lausitz. The bus service is performed by the transport Südbrandenburger GmbH and other private bus companies. The city traffic in Senftenberg and Lübbenau organized by the SBN independently and performed. Urban transport in Lauchhammer is organized by the company The Niederlausitzer independently and performed.
Cities and Towns
After completion of the municipal reform in 2003, the district still includes 25 municipalities, including nine cities. According to the official statement 2008 2 municipalities are officially bilingual ( German, Sorbian ).
→ See also list of places in Oberspreewald -Lausitz and Sorbian settlement area
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Cities ¹ amt nationals city
Official Free community
Offices and associated communities
1 Altdöbern ( 6034 )
2 outskirts ( 6271 )
3 Ruhland ( 7371 )