- 4.1 District Administrators
- 4.2 Kreistag
- 4.3 Coat of Arms
- 6.1 Rail transport
The county is bordered on the south by the district of Spree -Neisse, in the south and southwest of the district of Dahme -Spreewald, to the west of Berlin, in the north of the county Maerkisch -or country and the district-free city of Frankfurt (Oder), to the east by Poland.
The Oder-Spree district originated with the district reform in Brandenburg on 6 December 1993 by merging the independent city ironworks city and the counties Eisenhüttenstadt Beeskow and Fiirstenwalde.
The request, in a new Oder-Neisse circle restoring the old district Guben ( until 1950 ) again, was not complied with in favor of the formation of a great circle, which is adjacent to Berlin and Poland, although to decisions of the district councils of ironworks town - city, ironworks urban-rural and Guben and a constitutional complaint in 1993 was.
The following table shows the development of the population of the district Oder-Spree (population 1990 of October 3, 1991 from 31 December of year ). All figures are according to the respective territorial status (1990 to 1992 area the 6 December 1993).
Population development in the current territorial status and forecasts
Forecast of population development
Forecast age structure
For the election of District Council 28 September 2008 resulted in a turnout of 52.00 % following distribution of the 56 seats:
Source: State Office for Data Processing and Statistics behalf of the State Returning Officer
Coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on 23 February 1996.
Blazon: " quartered; Up front in gold two crossed red boat hook bewinkelt top of a six-pointed red star, back in black, a red-silver geschachter oblique bar links; down the front in red with the three peaks outwardly facing, lying on their backs on one another silver scythe blades, rear -ended a five- gold red deer rod. "
The red boat hook on golden background date back to the Bishopric of Lebus and Fiirstenwalde. The red and silver chess bar is as " Cistercian bar" for the monastery Neuzelle and the Kloster Zinna. The silver blade on a red background reminiscent of the masters of Strehla, the red deer rod on a golden background to the Lords of Bieberstein.
The coat of arms of the offices, cities and towns of the district can be found in the list of the coat of arms in the Oder-Spree district.
The economic development takes place in the county in three main areas. In the affluent suburbs of Berlin, the economy is highly integrated with the Berlin metropolitan area.
In the center dominates the iron and steel industry iron and steel city, machine and plant industries such as chemical industry in Fürstenwalde / Spree, the wood processing industry in Beeskow, agriculture and tourism. The business locations ironworks city and Fiirstenwalde form two of 15 regional growth centers in the state of Brandenburg. This selected advanced manufacturing industries are encouraged.
A network of bike paths is ideal for cycling and the Oder- Spree Lake Region is an attractive area for water walkers. Other destinations include the thermal spa in Bad Saarow, the glacially influenced Schlaubetal Nature Park and the Monastery Neuzelle.
The unemployment of the county was in July 2006 at 14.9 percent which corresponds to 14,700 people out of work. The specified rate was still at 17 percent in June 2006, but the numbers were estimated for about one and a half years here only on the basis of mathematical models.
The Autobahn A 12 traverses the county in an east-west direction. It connects the Berliner Ring with the Polish border in Frankfurt ( Oder). In a north-south direction, the Oder- Lausitz track is currently being built along the Polish border.
With riverboats the county over the Oder, the Spree, the Oder-Spree Canal and the Storkower channel can be achieved.
By plane the county over the Berlin airports is easy to reach. In ironworks town there is the airfield "aerodrome ironworks city " for small aircraft.
The most important railway line in the district is the railway line between Berlin and Frankfurt ( Oder). At the stations Erkner and Fürstenwalde / Spree holding twice-hourly regional express trains of DB Regio AG, in Fangschleuse, Hangelsberg, Berkenbrück, Briesen (Mark), Jacob village (Mark) and Pillgram hourly.
Another east-west axis is the railway king Wusterhausen - Grunow. At the access points sorrow village Storkow (Mark), Hubertushoehe, Wendish -Rietz, Lindenberg, Buckow, Beeskow, Oegeln, Schneeberg, Grunow ( Lower), Mixdorf and garbage rose every hour, on weekends sometimes only every two hours regional trains of the East German Eisenbahn GmbH ( ODEG ).
These two routes connecting the railway Fiirstenwalde - Beeskow; However, only the portion of Fürstenwalde (Spree) on Fiirstenwalde South is operated by Bad Saarow- Pieskow Hospital. There is an hourly regional trains ODEG.
At the eastern edge of the district runs north -south rail line Cottbus -Frankfurt (Oder). Hourly regional express trains of DB Regio AG adhere to the access point power plant Finkenheerd, Finkenheerd, Wiesenau, Ziltendorf, iron and steel city, Neuzelle, Wellmitz and Coschen. From ironworks city also go direct Regional Express trains to Berlin.
Cities and Towns
After the municipal reform in 2003, the district still includes 38 municipalities, including seven cities.
→ See also: List of places in the Oder-Spree district
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Cities ¹ amt nationals city
Official Free communities
Offices and associated communities ( The seat of the Office Administration * )
1 Brieskow- Finkenheerd ( 7708 )
2 Neuzelle ( 6678 )
3 Or foreland ( 5724 )
4 Scharmutzelsee ( 8959 )
5 Schlaubetal ( 9817 )
6 Spree Hagen ( 8200 )