6995 ( March 31, 2013 )
Odda is a commune in the Norwegian province (county ) Hordaland.
The town of Odda is the secret capital of Hardanger and is located at the inner end of the Sørfjorden, a deeply incisive in the 1200-1300 m high mountains side arm of the Hardangerfjord, surrounded by the Folgefonna Glacier and the steep mountains of Hardangervidda.
The main settlement Odda, together with its neighboring towns Tyssedal and Eitrheimsnes a heavy industrial site whose smoking factory chimneys coined the reputation of Odda in recent years.
Although most travel guide Odda not particularly recommend, away from the industrial region around Odda Norway's natural beauty has been preserved.
In 1900 Odda was the most popular destination of wealthy summer guests of Fiordland, at times even the most visited. So Kaiser Wilhelm visited every summer from 1891 to 1914 Odda, and in its wake came a long series of European princes and kings.
In 1906, the groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of Tyssedal hydroelectricity plant, which was to supply the nascent carbide and Cyanamidfabriken in the village of Odda with electrical energy.
Within 3-4 years the population of Tyssedal of 30 rose to 1000 and in Odda from 600 to 4000 inhabitants.
With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, it was with the rural idyll exclusive holiday finally over.
1927 invented Erling Johnson in the smelter ( Odda Smelteverk ) a process for the production of fertilizers. This manufacturing process is referred to as process Odda.
1970 Bosvik was again in the headlines, but because of its beauty, but because he was not as severely affected by the waste products of heavy industry that was to be expected that all living things die in the fjord. He was the schwermetallhaltigste fjord in the world. There is established an Environmental Committee, which sought the support of the politics, economy and science for new ways to a more environmentally friendly heavy metal production. Since the mid- 1980s, much of the waste products in warehouses is deposited inside the mountain.
2003 reported the Odda Smelteverk bankruptcy.
The Folgefonnatunnel connects with the community Kvinnherad since 2001 Odda. The European Route 134 ( Haukelivegen ) leads past Røldal. This road leads over the Haukelifjell and connects the western part of the country ( Vestlandet ) with the eastern ( Østlandet ). The track has many tunnels and is therefore open all year round.
Local buildings of interest
In Odda himself is the Industrial Museum, which informs about the eventful history Oddas from 1850 until today.
The waterfall Låtefoss lies about 15 km south of Odda right on the road 13
The south west of Odda idyllic Buertal allows access to the Buer Glacier, part of the Folgefonna Glacier.
In 6 km north on the east bank of the Sørfjord located Tyssedal that is a listed building until 1996 gewesenen in operation and now a museum converted water power plant, an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage is located. Above Tyssedals located in Skjeggedal the reservoir Ringedalvatn.
In Røldal is an approximately 1200 - 1250 Built stave church, which became a famous pilgrimage destination in the 14th century. Also in Røldal is a popular ski resort with ski lift.
To the north of Odda is the open air museum Agatunet.
Not far from the hamlet Tyssedal is the Troll's Tongue.
People with connection to the municipality of Odda
- Knud Knudsen (1832-1915), photographer and Pomologe
- Gro Holm (1878-1951), author
- Erling Johnson (1893-1967), chemist and developer of the Odda Process
- Claes Gill (1910-1973), poet
- Anne B. Ragde (* 1957), writer
- Frode Grytten ( b. 1960 ), author and journalist
- Ingvill Måkestad Bovim ( b. 1981 ), athlete
- Håkon Opdal ( b. 1982 ), football player