Template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / surface missing template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / height missing
Odense ( [o ː ˀ ð ənsə ], [OD ˀ n̩sə ]; German: Ottensee ) is a large city with 170 327 inhabitants in the Municipality of Odense on the island of Fyn ( Eng.: Funen ) in Denmark (as of 1 January 2013). The third largest Danish city was before the municipal reform of 2007 the administrative seat of the former County of Funen, also it is the bishop's residence location of the main campus of the University of Southern Denmark.
Through the town, the river Odense Å runs. About the Odense channel it is connected with the Odense Fjord.
- 2.1 Museums and exhibitions
- 2.2 Structures
1086 the saint was murdered in Odense King Canute IV. During a civil war, the city was partially destroyed in 1240. 1355 Odense got the rights of a commercial city. The Lübeck printer Johann Snell printed in 1482 in Odense, the first incunabula Denmark. About 1500 moved to Queen Christina, the wife of King Hans, with its courtyard to Odense. Thus, the city and the trade grew. 1600, the city had 5000-6000 inhabitants. This number dropped to 3,800 in 1672, when the city was plundered by Swedish troops. From 1654 to 1658 Odense was Danish capital.
The population rose to 1769 back to 5200, which is the second largest city in Denmark Odense was. At this time, the channel and the port of the city were expanded. Thus, industrialization began in the city. 1805 Hans Christian Andersen, the most famous son of the town, was born. The city walls, Odense were surrounded for centuries torn down in 1851, there was not enough space for the growing industry of the city within the walls. The increased immigration of workers and the population of the town continued to grow. Mid-19th century, the first gas and water plant in Denmark were built in the city. In 1865 the first railway line on the island of Funen was put into operation. In 1891, the first parts of the city were supplied with electricity.
In 1935, a 177 meter high observation tower in steel truss design, Odinstårnet, built, but was destroyed again in 1944. Since 1956, the Hans Christian Andersen Award is awarded always on April 2, the birthday of the poet in the city.
Development of the population
(each January 1st)
Museums and exhibitions
- The Hans Christian Andersen Museum (HC Andersens Hus and HC Andersen's Childhood Home ) provide insight into the life and work of the poet. This includes Fyrtøjet where children are actively engaged in the tale of the poet. You can dress up there and re-enact the stories of Andersen.
- The Danmarks Jernbanemuseum shows the largest collection of trains and ferries in Northern Europe on over 10,000 m².
- The house consists of a Brandt's Kunsthalle, a museum of photography and media museum in Denmark. Also located in this house the only art bookshop of the island of Funen.
- The Bymuseet Møntergården shows an archaeological collection on the history of Funen.
- The museum contains the Funen Village 25 rural buildings of the 18th and 19th century can be visited.
- In the open-air museum Jernalderlandsbyen ( The Iron Age village) in the suburb Næsby are seen numerous reconstructions of furnished houses and a historic workshop of the Iron Age.
- The Europæisk automotive museum displays about 120 cars that are mainly in the period 1945-1960.
- Odense Zoo shows a variety of animals from all continents. The zoo is especially known for its Oceaneum.
- The cathedral, the gothic St Knud Kirke from the 14th century with the famous altar of in Lübeck Claus Berg (1520 ) is one of the most important Danish religious buildings.
- The Catholic Sankt Albani Kirke early Gothic with Romanesque portal has a 54 m high bell tower.
- The monastery church of St. John Sankthans Built in 1250 in Gothic style.
- In the concert hall in town, the Carl Nielsen Museum. It gives a chronological overview of the composer's life.
- The theater of Odense was built in 1796 and is the second oldest theater in Denmark. It has five different stages and a theater school. Hans Christian Andersen made his debut as a child at this theater.
- Odense Castle (Odense Slot) was built in 1280 as a hospital for the Order of St. John. Later it was used as a monastery. In 1579 it was rebuilt on the orders of Frederick II to the castle. Today the building is used by the local government.
- The city hall was built in 1880.
- The University Hospital of Odense is the largest hospital in Denmark. The main building of the former county and city hospital was built in 1912.
- On the park-like cemetery assistance many important citizens are buried.
In addition to a location of University of Southern Denmark in Odense, there are in the city, you still Conservatory of Music Odense, the drama school at Odense Theatre and the CVU engineering school in Odense. In Odense, there are also a number of colleges within the University College - College in South Jutland Funen For example, the School of Social Work in Odense.
Business and Media
In Odense, shipbuilding, engines, electrical, textile and food industries are located. Here there is, inter alia, the Odense Staalskibsværft, the Albani Brewery and Odense Marcipan. The city is the headquarters of the second Danish television station TV 2, the European market leader in the wholesale flower trade, GASA Group, and the pharmaceutical company Orifarm. In addition, here the Danish newspaper Fyens Stiftstidende is published. It is equipped with a circulation of 47,400 copies in the first half of 2010, the largest regional daily newspaper on Funen.
Transport and Infrastructure
The Odense Airport is about twelve kilometers north of the city. The bicycle route network has a route length of 550 km. 2006, the proportion of cycling was 24 % of the paths in Odense, in the city center, the bicycle was the mode of transport most used. The share of public transport was 6 %, the proportion of cars 47%.
The Intercity trains between Copenhagen and Jutland keep in Odense. Between Nyborg, Odense and Middelfart and between Odense and Svendborg, there are regional trains. Odense is served by Copenhagen Airport with several direct trains.
Odense is planning the construction of a tramway system. The first line is to connect to a length of 14.7 kilometers, the neighborhoods Tarup and Hjallelese in north-south direction. The construction work could be carried out from 2016, the line could be opened in the year 2020.
The leading football club in the city is the Superliga club Odense BK.
Since 2000 will be held in the fall of HC Andersen Marathon, one of the largest marathons in Scandinavia.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Wilhelm Bendz (1804-1832), painter
- Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), poet and writer
- Julius Koebner (1806-1884), a founding father of the German Baptists
- Hans Carl Frederik Christian Schjellerup (1827-1887), Astronomer
- Carl Frederic Aagaard (1833-1895), painter
- Erik Christian Clemmensen (1876-1941), Danish / American chemist
- Edmund Hansen ( cyclist ) ( 1900-1995 ), cyclist
- Bodil Kjer (1917-2003), actress
- Ove Sprogøe (1919-2004), actor
- Jørn Riel (* 1931), writer
- Kurt Christensen ( born 1937 ), football player
- Niels Helveg Petersen ( born 1939 ), politician
- Ole Bjørnmose (1944-2006), international footballer
- Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester ( b. 1946 ), member of the British royal family
- Karin Riis- Jørgensen ( b. 1952 ), politician
- Bendt Bendtsen (born 1954 ), politician
- Lars Graugaard ( b. 1957 ), composer
- Anja Andersen (born 1969 ), handball player and trainer
- Stephan Groth (born 1971 ), Norwegian musician
- Thomas Helveg (born 1971 ), international footballer
- Trine Dyrholm (born 1972 ), actress and singer
- Jesper Kyd (born 1972 ), composer
- Maja Sommerlund (* 1974), Women's Handball
- Dan Jørgensen ( born 1975 ), politician
- Nicki Pedersen ( born 1977 ), speedway driver
- Allan Simonson (1978-2013), racing driver
- Kasper Bøgelund (* 1980), national football team
- Helle Frederiksen ( born 1981 ), a professional triathlete
- Nicolai Hansen ( * 1982 ), handball players
- Johanne Schmidt- Nielsen ( born 1984 ), politician
- Peter Lyck Hansen ( born 1985 ), volleyball player
- Martin Vingaard ( born 1985 ), football player
- Patrik Wozniacki ( born 1986 ), football player
- Caroline Wozniacki (* 1990), tennis player
- Viktor Axelsen (* 1994), badminton national team
Odense has relationships with the following 20 partner cities:
- In the Nordic countries: Faroe Klaksvík, Faroe Islands
- Kópavogur Iceland, Iceland
- Sweden Norrköping, Sweden
- Sweden Östersund, Sweden
- Finland Tampere, Finland
- Norway Trondheim, Norway
- Gronland Upernavik, Greenland
- The rest of Europe: Czech Republic Brno, Czech Republic
- Netherlands Groningen, Netherlands
- Poland Katowice, Poland
- Lithuania Kaunas, Lithuania
- Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
- Germany Schwerin, Mecklenburg- Vorpommern
- United Kingdom St Albans, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom