Opel Commodore are the upper middle class associated car models of the car manufacturer Opel, which have been produced over three model generations from the beginning of 1967 until the summer of 1982. They were exclusively equipped with six-cylinder engines.
Commodore A (1967-1971)
The available from early 1967 Opel Commodore A was marketed as up -valuated sister model of the Opel Rekord C ( with four-cylinder engines) on the market and was available in two - and four-door notchback sedan, as well as a two-door coupe and there was a convertible version of the Commodore A.
Engine were six variants:
- 2.2 to 95 hp
- 2.5 S - 115 PS, from 1969: 120 hp
- 2.5 H - 130 hp ( GS)
Addition, from 1970:
- 2.5 E - 150 hp ( GS / E)
- 2.8 H - 145 hp ( GS/2.8 )
The smallest engine with 95 PS had a displacement of 2.2 liters and was only built in small numbers. He was identical with that of the previously offered " record 6", which there was in a small series a year before the introduction of the Commodore models.
First available were the 2.5 S with 115 hp (from August 1969, 120 hp) and the stronger model Commodore GS with the engine 2.5 H ( 130 hp). The deliverable from February 1970 top model GS / E had a 2.5 liter engine with electronic fuel injection (Bosch D- Jetronic), which made 150 hp. Upon request, the vehicle was delivered with a two-speed automatic transmission.
To a lesser extent there was from April 1970 to September 1971, the model GS/2.8 with 2.8 liter displacement and 145 hp.
Feature of this series was introduced with the Opel Rekord B - Opel CIH engine generation ( driven by a duplex roller chain) wherein the laterally overhead camshaft valves in addition to the short hollow tappets and rocker arms actuates the valves hanging. This engine generation was almost all models used until the 1990s: the Omega A ( 2.4i/2.6i/3.0i ), Senator B ( 3.0i/3.0i 24V) and most recently in Frontera.
From Commodore A between February 1967 and December 1971 a total of 156 330 copies were made .
Opel Commodore Coupe (1967-1971)
Cockpit with automatic
Opel Commodore GS / E
Cockpit ( GS / E)
Opel Commodore as a convertible conversion
Opel Commodore GS3000 Steinmetz
Commodore B (1972-1977)
In the spring of 1972, the Commodore model B was introduced based on the Opel Rekord D. These types were the first of the GM group, in which the passenger compartment has been optimized by computer calculations regarding the crash behavior.
Engine variants of the Commodore B:
- Commodore 2.5 ( 6- cylinder in-line engine, one carburetor, 85 kW/115 hp, 1972-1977 )
- Commodore GS 2.5 ( 6- cylinder in-line engine, 2 carburetor, 96 kW/130 hp, 1972-1973 )
- Commodore 2.8 (6- cylinder in-line engine, one carburetor, 96 kW/130 hp; 1975: 95 kW/129 hp, 1973-1977 )
- Commodore GS 2.8 (6- cylinder in-line engine, 2 carburetor, 104 kW/142 hp; 1975: 103 kW/140 hp, 1973-1977 )
- Commodore GS / E 2.8 (6- cylinder in-line engine, electron injection Bosch D -Jetronic, 118 kW/160 hp, from 1975. 114 kW/155 hp, 1972-1977 )
The 2.8 GS / E forms in this squad, the top model with a top speed of 200 km / h As the electronic D-Jetronic injection system from Bosch was used. Only the GS / E was equipped with a standard power steering.
The following additional equipment was available:
- 3 -speed automatic transmission (standard: Manual 4G R)
- Power steering (standard GS / E)
- Alloy wheels with 195/70R14 tires
- Disc antenna ( Series GS / E)
- Fog lights
- Headlight cleaning system
- Metallic paint
- Vinyl roof
- Mirrors inside adjustable ( driver's side)
- Mirrors passenger side (not inside adjustable)
From the Commodore B was available as a four-door sedan body styles and a coupe. A few prototypes were manufactured with the 2.8 injection engine as a five-door station wagon ( for example, for the German Ski Federation ), as well as a three-door vans with the GS / E engine. Despite Commodore technique it acted officially but each to record models.
Built between March 1972 and July 1977 by the Commodore B 140 827 pieces, of which 42 279 coupe.
Opel Commodore GS / E Coupe
Opel Commodore GS / E Convertible DIY
Commodore C (1978-1982)
Although already introduced at the 1977 Frankfurt Motor Show, the Commodore C was introduced in October 1978 as a two - and four-door notchback sedan. He had the long front section of the Opel Senator and the 2.5-liter six-cylinder engine of its predecessor.
As of September 1980, a overdrive transmission was installed, with which electrically (by pitman arm ) of the 5th gear could be switched on. On request, there was also a 3- speed automatic transmission.
As of March 1981, the engine was also available with an L- Jetronic fuel injection and 130 hp. This engine was also used in the Senator to round out the series upside down ( 2.5E replaces the 2.8 variant S Senator and Monza ). The Commodore had the simple rigid axle and, from the A-pillar, the body of the Opel Rekord E1, however, the 5-hole shots and ventilated disc brake system of the Senator / Monza were held the 4-hole wheel axle of the record ( only on the front axle ) used in combination with the drum brake of the Commodore B 2.5 S.
The Commodore was there with many extras such as cruise control, heated seats, electric windows, electric mirrors, air conditioning and a special feature air conditioning in conjunction with steel sunroof and, for example, pneumatic level lift.
The only bad salable two-door variant was canceled in June 1981 from the palette. For a luxury station wagon variant, which was nicknamed Voyage already appeared in April 1981. Of these, only 3440 copies were produced in 16 months, however, so the Commodore Voyage is one of the rarest built high-volume cars.
In August 1982, the production of the Commodore was then discontinued altogether. The reason was that the market segment between senator and record had become too narrow, so that this model had no successor. Opel also feared competition between in-house record 2.0 E and 2.5 S Commodore and Commodore 2.5 E and 2.5 E. However, there was Senator from spring 1983 to the end of 1989 in South Africa a "Commodore C2", the front part of the Senator A2 and the rear of the record E2 had.
A total of 1982 80.521 copies were made of Commodore C between August 1978 and August.
All models were sold worldwide under different brand names and model designations, such as the Vauxhall Viceroy in the UK or Holden Commodore in Australia.
Prominent owner of a Viceroy Estate (built in 1981) was Elizabeth II, who used it to transport her Corgis. While the Holden models were produced in Australia, ran all Vauxhall models in Rüsselsheim assembly.
- Automobile review, catalog numbers 1967 to 1982.
- Werner Oswald: German cars from 1945 to 1990. Volume 3 engine book publishing house, Stuttgart, 2nd edition 2003, ISBN 3-613-02116-1, pp. 226-235, 251-259, 294-305.