Pushkino, Moscow Oblast
Pushkin (Russian Пушкино ) is a city and administrative center of the homonymous Rajons in Russia with 102 874 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).
As village Puschkino writing known since 1498 under the present name. The place name is often wrongly tinderbox in conjunction with the Russian word, brought to German " cannon " in conjunction. In fact, go urban historians believe that Puschkino the family name whose land owner in the 14th century, Grigory Morchinin - tinderbox, is derived. This was also an early ancestor of the famous poet Alexander Pushkin, who otherwise has no relation to the city.
The long time relatively unknown, Farming village only reached the mid-19th century economic importance. This was mainly due to the construction of the railway between Moscow and Sergiev Posad, Yaroslavl in the 1860s, is located in the vicinity of the site. Starting with a textile factory, founded in 1840, the industry developed in Puschkino over the decades to a great extent. Among the largest enterprises of the place were the end of the 19th century more than 1000 employees counted factories of industrialist Armand, whose most famous revolutionary Inessa Armand was the relatives.
Area Pusch cinema evolved, however, even in natural, attractive location and is also close to Moscow and convenient connections to a popular recreation area and the location of many summer dachas. For the entertainment of recreation seekers a summer theater was built in Puschkino 1896 by the performances with the participation of prominent artists ( including Leonid Sobinov, Konstantin Stanislavsky, Feodor Chaliapin ) could gain through regional awareness.
1925 was the now over 3000 inhabitants Puschkino in the course of administrative reform a city. Even in Soviet times and today Rajon Puschkino is also a popular summer residence.
Economy and Transport
Being the capital city Puschkino is known to this day. The focus is in the textile, electronics and furniture industries as well as in instrument manufacture. In addition, in Puschkino is a research institute for forestry resident. Near Puschkino is the main campus of the Russian State University of Tourism and Service.
Puschkino has over the railway part of Moscow- Yaroslavl access to the Trans-Siberian Railway. There are regular regional connections to the Yaroslavsky railway station in Moscow. 1929 Pushkin was one of the first cities in the Soviet Union, who received an electrified rail connection. The Highway M8 ( Yaroslavl Road ) also passes by Pushkin.
- Inessa Armand (1874-1920), revolutionary, married and lived in Puschkino
- Artur Hofmann (1907-1987), East German politician, was educated in Puschkino in the 1940s
- Heinz Hoffmann (1910-1985), East German politician, was educated in Puschkino in the 1940s
- Joppich Friedrich (1888-1979), small animal breeders, worked 1928-1931 on the teaching and research farm for fur farming Puschkino
- Alexei Kossolapow (born 1971 ), football player, born in Puschkino
- Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930), poet, lived in Puschkino