The city is located in the extreme north of the Moscow Oblast near its border with Tver Oblast. The distance to Moscow is about 120 km, the nearest towns are Kimry (25 kilometers northeast of Dubna ), Taldom ( 25 km east ) and Konakovo ( 25 km west ). Dubna is the only city in the Moscow Oblast in the Volga River, which flows from the reservoir Iwankowoer in the western part of the city. In Dubna, there is also the starting point of the Moscow -Volga Canal.
The first settlement on the present territory of Dubna, it could, according to written documents have already been given at the time of Grand Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. However, it was destroyed in 1216 during a war with the Republic of Novgorod. Later it emerged two villages, however, until the mid 20th century had no meaning.
The current city was created in 1947 and named after the Volga inflow. Reason for the establishment of workers' settlement Dubno was the construction of the Moscow -Volga Canal, the Iwankowoer reservoir and adjacent hydroelectric power station. After the Second World War also created plans to build in the future city a Institute for Nuclear Research, with a particle accelerator. That siting on Dubna fell, is attributable to the proximity to Moscow for the presence of the hydroelectric plant, which should guarantee a relatively stable and autonomous supply of energy. The accelerator was commissioned in December 1949 in operation.
In 1956, the now around 10,000 inhabitants, Dubna was officially declared a town and has since been an independent city within the Moscow Oblast. Several adjacent locations were included in the city. In the 1960s and 1970s, the city and its infrastructure has been greatly expanded, and 1980 Dubnas population rose to over 50,000.
Since 2001, the city has the status of a science city (Russian: Naukograd ) due to their research facilities.
Education and Science
In Dubna is the world-famous United Institute of Nuclear Research, have been synthesized for the first time at which, among other things, numerous transuranic elements, such as Dubnium and Ununoctium. The main university in the city is the International University of Nature, Society and Man Dubna. Also located in Dubna, a branch of the Moscow State Institute of Communications Engineering, Electronics and Automatics.
Economy and infrastructure
The city's economy is closely linked to the research institutions. Important industries are a device and a machine factory. In addition, the district Podberesje a design office ( OKB ) is established for cruise missiles, where Brunolf Baade worked. Dubna is designated special economic zone for the " introduction of innovative technology."
With the construction of the city in the 1940s this was a railway connection by laying a branch line of the railway line Moscow - Kimry. This is a regular regional connections with Moscow ( Savyolovsky station). Important for Dubna is also the ship traffic on Iwankowoer Reservoir, the Volga and the Moscow - Volga Canal.