Zheleznodorozhny, Moscow Oblast

Schelesnodoroschny (Russian Железнодорожный, scientific transliteration Železnodorožnyj to German " railway town " ) is a Russian city in Moscow Oblast. It lies some 20 km east of Moscow in the western part of the Meschtschora Lowland. Schelesnodoroschny has 131 257 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).


The present city was built from 1939 through the merger of several places along the railway line Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod. The best known of these towns was Obiralowka ( Обираловка ), where Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina character accuses a train. This village was first mentioned in documents of 1799 and was completed in 1861, when the railway line was laid in proximity to a station settlement.

1939 Obiralowka received the status of an urban-type settlement and the present name Schelesnodoroschny, then the meaning of " railway development". 1952, the settlement was officially to the city, and in the 1960s several neighboring villages were incorporated. The most recent expansion took place in 2004 Schelesnodoroschnys with the incorporation of the settlement Kupawna.

Economy and infrastructure

The city is now mainly a residential town for the nearby Moscow with some commercial and educational institutions. For industrial landscape Schelesnodoroschnys include facilities operating in the wood processing, textile and building materials industry. The city also has a larger railway workshop. From the regional station Schelesnodoroschny on the main route from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod There are regular trains both to Moscow as well as in places like Pavlovsky Posad, Orechowo - Zuyevo, Petuschki or Vladimir.