Samuel Swan ( * 1771 in Scotch Plains, New Jersey; † August 24, 1844 in Bound Brook, New Jersey ) was an American politician. Between 1821 and 1831 he represented the State of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives.
After studying medicine and qualifying as a doctor Samuel Swan practiced 1800-1806 in Bound Brook. Thereafter, he practiced his profession until 1809 in Somerville. Between 1804 and 1806 he was also as sheriff sheriff in Somerset County. From 1809 to 1820 Swan worked as county clerk for the district administration. Politically, he was originally a member of the Democratic- Republican Party. In the 1820s, the party was divided into several wings. Here, Swan initially joined the movement to the future President Andrew Jackson.
In the congressional elections of 1820 he was still a Democratic Republican to the fifth seat from New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Joseph Bloomfield on March 4, 1821. After four elections he could pass in Congress until March 3, 1831 five legislative sessions. He ran in 1822 as a supporter of Jackson. In the following years, however, he joined the opposition, was a partisan of President John Quincy Adams. Since 1825 he represented in Congress, the National Republican Party. After Andrew Jackson's inauguration as president on March 4, 1829 discussed inside and outside of Congress violently over his policies. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.
In 1830, Samuel Swan renounced a new Congress candidacy. Later he became a member of the Whig Party, founded in 1835, which was also in opposition to Jackson for the Democratic Party. Otherwise, he practiced after the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives as a doctor. He died on August 24, 1844 in Bound Brook.