Ferrari 250

The Ferrari 250 is a crafted in small batches from 1953 to 1965 sports car from the Italian manufacturer Ferrari. Under the name Ferrari 250 It also gave various racing sports car of the house. The 250 models were he the successor to the Ferrari models 166, 195 and 212

In 1964 the 250 was replaced by the successor model 275, the so-called Colombo V12 used as the last Ferrari as a drive.

  • 3.1 250 Europe
  • 3.2 Europe 250 GT
  • 250 GT Berlinetta Competizione 3.3
  • 3.4 250 GT ( Boano / Ellena )
  • 3.5 250 GT Cabriolet
  • 3.6 250 GT Spyder California
  • 3.7 250 GT Coupe
  • 3.8 250 GT Berlinetta " SWB "
  • 3.9 250 GTE 2 2
  • 3:10 250 GT Lusso
  • 3:11 Ferrari 250 Technical data series models

Type designation and General

The type designation goes back to the previously used at Ferrari procedure to designate the models according to the size of an individual cylinder. Since the engineer Gioacchino Colombo V12 developed by 2953 cc had the work the actual 246 cc per cylinder rounded up to 250. The 250 was a little innovative in its time, but high-performance sports car. Conservative features of the design were the separate, applied to a tubular steel frame body, the four-speed manual transmission until 1959, the drum brakes all round and the rigid rear axle. Most offered over the years 250 models shared these characteristics and sat on a wheelbase of 2400 or 2600 mm length. The body designs were predominantly made by Pininfarina and were mostly built there.

Racing car

250S (1952 )

The first representative of the 250 family was the 250 S, a developed from the Ferrari 225S Berlinetta prototype on a wheelbase of 2400 mm in 1952 his successful debut celebrated at the Mille Miglia of the year. The 1947 by Gioacchino Colombo designed, initially 1.5 -liter SOHC V12 was reamed with unchanged stroke of 58.8 mm to 70 mm, giving a total displacement of 2953 cc, and was with 169 kW (230 hp) at 7500 / min indicated.

250MM (1952 /53)

The 250S was followed from the Paris Motor Show in autumn 1952, the 250MM ( Mille Miglia ), fairly unchanged technology, but to 176 kW ( 240 hp) uprated engine. By 1953, about 35 copies of this sport race cars were built, of which around half with Pininfarina Coupe body; the remaining 250MM received Spider- bodies of Vignale, a copy of a coupé body by Vignale.

250 Monza (1954 )

In the 250 Monza it was an open racing car, the chassis of the 750 Monza helped himself, but other than this was not driven by a four-cylinder engine, but by coming from the 250MM three-liter V12. Four cars were built, two with Pininfarina, two with Scaglietti bodywork.

250 Testa Rossa ( 1957-1961 )

The 1957-1961 very successful 250 Testa Rossa, a racing - Spider with front engine, also belonged to the widely ramified family of models.

250 GTO ( 1962-1964 )

In 1962, based on the series 250 of the highly successful 250 GTO ( own) with 300 hp engine, another racing berlinetta.

250P/250LM ( 1963/1963-1966 )

Starting in 1963, Ferrari used in the prototype racing the 250P with central engine, which in that year won the race at Sebring and Le Mans and three times was built. This made ​​the three-liter V12, equipped with six Weber carburetors 38DCN double, 221 kW ( 300 hp) at 7800 rpm.

Derived from the 250LM was as a road-going version, which was created in 1966 to about 32 copies; but apart from the first copy had all 250LM an enlarged to 3.3 liter version of the 250 engine ( informal title 275Lm ).

Specifications Ferrari 250 racing models


250 Europe

First series -250 was the 1953, introduced 250 Europe ( for demarcation to the larger displacement and again much more expensive America models) on an unusually long wheelbase of 2800 mm, available as Berlinetta Pininfarina bodywork ( 14 pieces ) or as Spider with construction Vignale (4 pieces). The Lampredi V12 ( engine block, such as America, bore 68mm stroke 68mm, 2963 cm ³) made ​​here 148 kW (200 hp) at 7000 rpm.

250 Europa GT

1954 Europe was replaced by the 250 Europa GT, in which the Colombo engine was used with a bore / stroke ratio of 73 x 58.8. With a cubic capacity of 2953 cc, he made 220 ​​hp. In addition, the transverse leaf spring front axle was replaced by coil springs and shortened the wheelbase to 2600 mm. Were built in 1954/55 34 coupe with Pininfarina bodywork and a Vignale coupe.

250 GT Berlinetta Competizione

Also in 1954 appeared the 250 GT Berlinetta ( unofficially known as the " Tour de France " or " TdF "), which, with slight stylistic modifications, until 1959 remained in production. The epithet refers to the victories in this French GT race which drove out the model. The TdF was intended as a basic model for the GT racing, rested on a wheelbase of 2600 mm and had a 206 kW ( 280 hp ) uprated Colombo three- liter V12. Overall, this design originated from 84 specimens, mostly with aluminum bodywork by Pininfarina and Scaglietti, but also by Zagato. In 1959, a single specimen, the so-called 250 Interim, built on a further shortening the wheelbase of 2400 mm.

250 GT ( Boano / Ellena )

The design of this first comfort-oriented to a greater extent Ferrari model originated from Pininfarina, who also built the prototype, the production took place but rather for reasons of capacity at the Carrozzeria Boano, and later with its successor, the Carrozzeria Ellena. Boano produced approximately 80 vehicles, Ellena 50th these versions had the wheelbase of 2600 mm, but towards the European GT modified body with a notchback and a panoramic rear window and indicated tail fins, plus a 176 kW (240 hp) version of the three liter. A total of 139 specimens originated from this model.

250 GT Cabriolet

As an open version of the 250 was from 1955 to 1962 which issued in two series of 250 GT Pininfarina Cabriolet with body in the program. From the first series ( 1955-1959, wheelbase 2600 mm, 162 kW ( 220 PS)) originated in four years, 41 copies. The second series was the front part of the more reserved designed, the 1958 250 GT Coupe and more comfortable equipment and was equipped with the 176 kW engine, built 200 times.

250 GT Spyder California

1957 Ferrari introduced the purpose-built for the U.S. 250 GT Spyder California surnamed before, which was produced in two series until 1962. The first series ( unofficially GT Spyder California LWB = Long Wheel Base ) called, had a designed by Pininfarina and manufactured at Scaglietti bodywork. The wheelbase was 2600 mm, power 162 kW ( 220PS ). Compared to the regular 250 GT Cabriolet, the body was designed differently and had doors and hoods made ​​of light metal, the equipment was simplified. By 1959, 49 copies of the first series were built. The wheelbase for the year 1960 ( second series, 250 GT California Spyder SWB = Short Wheel Base ) was shortened to 2400 mm, changed the body and built a four-wheel disc brake system; The Spyder was driven now by the 206 kW ( 280 hp ) engine. By 1962, another 55 cars were produced.

On 18 May 2008, a price of 6.4 million euros was obtained in an auction in Maranello for a copy of this model.

250 GT Coupe

Appeared in 1958 as a successor to the 250 GT Boano / Ellena, the 250 GT coupe with a notchback body by Pininfarina to the long wheelbase of 2600 mm, powered by the 176 kW (240 hp ) engine. Until 1960 350 copies were produced at Pininfarina.

250 GT Berlinetta " SWB "

1959 Ferrari launched the successor to the Tour de France Berlinetta, the 250 ( for this reason called unofficially Berlinetta SWB = Short Wheel Base = short wheelbase) Berlinetta GT on a short wheelbase of 2400 mm. For use were both the 240 - and the 280 hp engine (type 168). While the engine of the predecessor had hairpin valve springs, coil springs were used here. The rear suspended on two longitudinal leaf springs, live axle remained, however instead of drum brakes all round disc brakes were used. The Houdaille lever shock absorbers previously used were replaced by today's standard piston shock absorbers. Were offered different versions, with steel body ( " Lusso " ), doors, engine and luggage compartment lid made ​​of aluminum ( chassis number 2443, engine type 168), and a lightweight version with an aluminum body ( " Competizione "). From the Lusso Competizione version from 73 pcs to 1962 were 93, made ​​. The Berlinetta SWB 250 was replaced by the 250 GTO.

250 GTE 2 2

As the first four-seater Ferrari in 1960 presented the work of the 250 GTE 2 2 with a revised engine, type 128E ( new cylinder heads, modified manifolds, new valve springs). As the wheelbase, as the coupé, was 2600 mm, had to be further moved in order to increase the interior space of the motor towards the front. Until 1963 950 units were built this coupe with Pininfarina bodywork. This was until now by far the largest number of copies that have been manufactured at Ferrari from a model. The GTE was thus a pioneer of change at Ferrari from the mini-series - manufacture to mass production, which proved to be progress in economic terms.

250 GT Lusso

Last Representatives of the 250 family was in 1962 presented 250 GT Lusso (Italian for "luxury" ) as successor to the 250 GT Berlinetta with a new Pininfarina body with an unchanged wheelbase of 2400 mm, equipped with the 255 hp engine; Battista " Pinin " Farina personally drove such a car. By 1964, created 350 pieces.

Specifications Ferrari 250 - series models

Special models

The Body Shop Neri e Bonacini of Modena made ​​her 1966 Coupé and Spyder with three separate body, the 250 GT based on the chassis of the Ferrari. The designs for this came from Tom Meade. The cars were known as Nembo Ferrari.