The Ferrari F40 is a supercar that was built from 1987 to 1992 from Ferrari. Through the use of racing technology such as body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic, he was considered the latest state of the art. Enzo Ferrari personally drove this project for the 40th anniversary of the company, hence the name. The F40 is the last Ferrari that was developed under his direction.
Originally to be built from this car's only 450 copies. These first models are identified by the sliding side windows, the production was then converted to normal crank windows. Due to the unexpectedly high demand, however, a total of 1315 vehicles were produced, of which only 900 units in the first year. Two of which were delivered in Black, less than ten in yellow. One specimen in white was delivered to the Sultan of Brunei. However, one of these vehicles never came on the market, but received directly after production a place in the Ferrari Museum.
For racing use 19 copies of Michlotto were converted to F40 LM 1989-1994. These vehicles have been used in various racing series. The empty weight was reduced to 1050 kg and the power to 537 kW ( 730 hp ) increased; briefly could also boost pressure to be increased so that 669 kW ( 910 hp) were available. The car accelerated in only 3.1 seconds from 0 to 100 km / h and a top speed of 367 km / h
Evolution of the Ferrari F40 (1987-1992)
1986 Enzo Ferrari had developed for the 40th anniversary of the brand a particular model. The result was unveiled in the summer of 1987, F40, the hitherto fastest and most powerful Ferrari for road use.
The car was based on the chassis of the GTO Evoluzione, a further developed for the racing version of the 288 GTO. The engine power was increased to now officially 351.5 kW ( 478 hp), the maximum speed was given as 324 km / h. Meanwhile, there are voices, after which the factory power rating of the F40 was at least 25 hp less than the real value.
Pininfarina had designed the functional body, which looked more like a racing car. On the whole car and exhaust ports were distributed, the narrow slots behind the front wheels were predestined to spray in wet weather the doors with water. Hallmark of the car was the huge rear wing, plus he had like most Ferrari this time pop-up headlights. Striking here is that the high beam and turn signal lights in the front of the body, a large glazed area was left and right again available.
With appropriate treatment of the gas pedal the F40 accelerated in 4.0 s 0-100 km / h in 7.5 seconds from 0-160 km / h in 10,4 s 0-200 km / h in 14, 8 s from 0-240 km / h This performance is made possible also by the low curb weight of just 1100 kg dry, causing the power to weight ratio 3.13 kg / kW (2.30 kg / PS) was very low for a road vehicle. On the in-house test track in Fiorano Ferrari gave a lap time of 1:29.6 minutes.
The largest contribution to the all-aluminum V8 turbo engine with 2936 cc capacity, of its full power of 352 kW at 7000 rpm unfolded rated speed. The maximum torque of 576 Nm is available at 4000 rpm on. In the upper part, two camshafts per cylinder bank was driven by belts and headed four valves per cylinder. The compression ratio was 7.8:1, the value declared by the installation of two IHI turbochargers with Behr intercooler, the bar developed a maximum of 1.1 pressure.
The F40 was sold for 444,000 DM (about 230,000 Euros ) only to selected users. These included primarily longstanding Ferrari customers and celebrities.
The F40 has benefited greatly from the increase in value of all the Ferrari vehicles after the death of Enzo Ferraris on August 14 in 1988 and the consequent uncertainty about the future of the company. While were even older and smaller Ferrari models practically called and paid for overnight in record amounts, the F40 scored almost utopian prices. On November 11, 1989 F40 for the record sum of DM converted 2.7 million was sold ( 1.38 million euros ) on a Christie's auction in Monaco. To prevent such speculation in the future, Ferrari regulated in the subsequent models the conditions for resale of the vehicles in the purchase contract. Today, the market prices of between 290,000 F40, lying down - and just under 400,000, - Euro.
The successor of the F40 is the come on the market in 1996 F50.
Test in Auto, Motor und Sport 02 /1989
- 0-80 km / h 3.8 s
- 0-100 km / h 4.6 s
- 0-120 km / h 5.6 s
- 0-160 km / h 8.1 s
- 0-180 km / h 9.3 s
- 0-200 km / h 11.0 s
- Weight ( full tank 120 l): 1254 kg
- 1000 m standing start 21.0 s
- Top speed 321 km / h
The testers noted that the F40 had to fight despite his 335 mm wide rear tire in the first two courses with strong traction problems, which explains the relatively weak acceleration value up to 100 km / hr. In other tests (eg car image ) times were 4.0 s to achieve. In the upper speed range, however, the F40 could clearly show its superior power to weight ratio: So the F40 accelerates in only 6.4 s from 100 to 200 km / h
The impressive rear wing with F40 lettering
Rear window ( from injection molded plastic) as a hood.