The Ferrari 550 is a Gran Turismo Ferrari. It was offered from 1996 to 2001 as a coupe and 550 Maranello in 2001 as a roadster 550 Barchetta Pininfarina.
The body of the Maranello by Pininfarina and is based on the classic combination of front-engine, rear-wheel drive in a two-seater coupe. A general idea of the performance that conveys the coupe on the Ferrari Fiorano test track per lap was 3.2 s faster than its predecessor 512M.
The inconspicuous GT- form belies the 4800 hours in development across the wind tunnel, which resulted in a drag coefficient of 0.33. He was made possible by the flat underbody, also the headlights were fitted in favor of aerodynamics in the front in order to further reduce wind noise when driving at night. Fog lamps were integrated into the front bumper, the electrically retractable side windows closed flush with the body off. The body of the 550 consisted of a special aluminum alloy with the name Feran. This alloy was welded to the steel tube frame. The engine of the 550 Maranello was a 5.5-liter V12 aluminum with 357 kW ( 485 hp ) four-valve technology and Bosch Motronic M5, 2 The aluminum cylinder coated with Nikasil, the connecting rods were made of titanium, the Mahle pistons made of aluminum, also included a dry sump lubrication system as standard. Ferrari had developed a variable intake system to increase torque and power. Particular attention was devoted to the exhaust system, which worked with variable back pressure to both improve the torque at medium load and the driving performance at high speeds and full load. The six-speed manual transmission has been integrated into the rear differential.
In order to keep the car's weight as low as possible, ventilated disc brakes, brake calipers and uprights made of aluminum and magnesium rims were used. The 114- liter fuel tank was also made of aluminum and sat on the rear axle. The 550 Maranello had independent suspension all around with wishbones at the front, trapezoidal wishbones and gas pressure shock absorbers with Koaxialfedern and anti-roll bars front and rear. The front track was wider than the rear to enhance steering response in the curves, there was also a front anti-dive system against excessive nosedive under braking.
The suspension system could be "normal" via a switch on the dashboard of switches to the " sporty ". Depending on the setting, the torque of the engine was limited. This was the first traction control system that could be controlled by the driver. The derived from Formula 1 braking system was developed in collaboration with Brembo and had 4-piston brake calipers, ventilated disc brakes and special brake pads. The 4 -channel ABS came up with electronically controlled brake force distribution. Thus, a spinning of the wheels by means of the rear brakes and the engine management system is prevented. The ZF rack and pinion steering had a speed-dependent power assistance.
The interior looked with the leather trim and the chrome gear stick out as was expected of a Ferrari Gran Turismo. The seating position was eight way adjustable, the pedals made of perforated aluminum. Analog instruments dominated the dashboard, automatic climate control was standard. The top speed was 320 km / h and 100 km / h from the state were reached in 4.5 s. The 200 km / h were due after 14.2 s.
From F550 Maranello approximately 3,600 copies were produced to this then in 2002 was replaced by the F575. From 2001, a small series of 550 Barchetta Pininfarina was launched. The vehicle had only one emergency top instead of a hard top and was therefore not quite so suitable for everyday use as the coupe.