Mercedes-Benz W221

Mercedes -Benz S 320 CDI L (2005-2009)

The Mercedes -Benz 221 series is a vehicle of Upper Class from Mercedes- Benz, which was built between September 2005 and June 2013. She joined the successor to the 220 ​​series, whose production began in early 1998 and their sale was set in late 2005 and represents the ninth generation of S-Class dar. The public was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2005 and has been from the fall of 2005 delivered. In May 2009, she underwent a facelift. Since its release until its replacement, the 221 series was the world throughout the market leader in the luxury class segment.

On May 15, 2013 were presented with the Series 222 the successor model.

History and other versions

After the S-Class was shrunk by the previous generation, since the model series 140 was regarded as an anachronism because of its huge dimensions in Europe, has now by size presented a little, but optically significantly larger car, the Daimler AG (until achieved higher sales figures for 2007 Daimler Chrysler ), primarily in North America and China.

The long-wheelbase models wear in contrast to the normal version (W 221), the internal designation V 221 The V 221 is also from the factory as a special protection vehicle under the designation S-Guard for versions S 600 L and up to 2010 S 450 CDI available. A car of this design was also the former German President Horst Köhler as a company car. Under the Paris Motor Show 2008 S 600 Pullman Guard was presented in the highest ballistic level B6/B7, which is 4.32 m wheelbase approximately 6.36 m long.

The coupe based on the 221 series - the CL-Class (C 216) - was launched in September 2006. The highly anticipated launch of its facelift in mid-2010 changing the name of the coupe in S- Class Coupe, however, was not realized.


Optionally, an infrared night vision assistant is used for the first time. In addition to the xenon headlamps light up far-reaching infrared headlights from the road. The reflected light and heat radiation of objects (people, animals, vehicles, etc. ) is recorded by a video camera and displayed the image on the TFT screen in the instrument cluster. Thus, the optical sight is increased to 120 m, compared with about 60 m with low beam. When oncoming vehicles that are equipped with the same system, but the system is not functioning properly. The standard equipment includes, inter alia, the following security features: Adaptive brake lights (LED), pre-safe second-generation, electromechanical parking brake as well as the surcharge to a short-range radar advanced Distronic Plus. In the North American market since November 2009 also comes from the previous model assumed, automatic emergency call system mbrace - as the successor of the removed Tele -Aid system used.

Furthermore, the control logic of the electronic control and display system COMAND has been thoroughly overhauled and is now centrally by a rotary push- push - controller, similar to the Audi MMI or BMW iDrive. In addition, since 10/2006 is a Mobiltelefonvorrüstung (code 386 ) with the SIM Access Profile available. The 221 series also offers the first car a fully digital integrated and discrete 5.1 surround sound system. Made possible by the DTCP (Digital Transmission Content Protection). This digital encryption Harman Kardon allows copy-protected transmission of signals by means of fiber-optic cables from the source to the amplifier. Thus, the conversion of digital signals into analog, making modern multi -channel formats of DVD audio and video as well as DTS - CDs can be played without any loss in the vehicle for the first time omitted.


In June 2009, the S-Class has been revised, both technically and visually.

The exterior was not modified in the following details: The shape of the door mirrors has been altered and adapted to the optics of the series 212 and 207, the headlights got a new video, the front bumper has been redesigned and got more angular air intakes and smaller fog lights / LED daytime driving lights technology. Other features include a swept and edged objectors grille, tail lights with LEDs without color-keyed elements. The new rear bumper including rear apron with implied diffuser was supplemented by visible, trapezoidal tailpipes. Likewise, the driver assistance systems have been optimized. The Pre-Safe brake now has a fully automatic emergency braking to a stop and the night vision device has been improved.

Adaptive High-beam assistant from the E-Class has been working for the facelift in the S-Class for optimizing illumination of the road at night: the beam width is always set so that the light cone ends before the bumper of the car ahead or to oncoming vehicle. If no other traffic participants is detected, the high beam is activated with a smooth transition. Also from the E-Class is known for traffic sign detection that detects speed limits and the driver displays in a display or the Lane Assist, which warns against unintended veering off the road by means of a steering wheel vibration. In addition, since there is the facelift one side wind wizard that prevents it to get off the track in cross winds. This system is first installed worldwide in the S- class and only available in conjunction with the Active Body Control suspension.

The standard safety equipment was supplemented by the so-called Attention Assist. This fatigue detection system monitors a series of measures such as the driver's steering behavior and warns of impending fatigue. Against all odds, 350 with 200 kW ( 272 hp ) was not replaced by the direct injection S 350 CGI with 215 kW ( 292 hp) with the engines of the S. It was also offered as of June 2009, the S 400 HYBRID, which (279 hp) from a gasoline engine and a 15 kW (20 PS ) carried out 205 kW from an electric motor. The engine range was 2011 down through the S 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY with 150 kW ( 204 hp) rounded, who already is used in the C-Class.

Engines and technical data

In order to model only the introduction of gasoline were S 350 (L ) and S 500 ( L) is available. 2006, the engine range for the S 300 L (for Asia), the S 450 ( L) and the S 600 L has been extended. At the same time the top models S 63 AMG (L ) and S 65 AMG L of the house tuner AMG were introduced. First held in 2006, the two diesel engines S 320 CDI ( L) and S 420 CDI ( L) in the Series 221 collection.

The end of 2008 was S 320 CDI (L ) to a BlueEFFICIENCY model. This designation stands at Mercedes for models that are more economical by various measures in fuel consumption. Thus, the S 320 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY contains (L ) a demand-controlled power steering, an automatic transmission with and tires with reduced rolling resistance.

With the facelift in June 2009, the engine range for the hybrid model S 400 HYBRID was added. In parallel, the diesel were adapted to the new nomenclature. Thus, from the S 320 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (L) S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (L) and from the S 420 CDI (L) S 450 CDI ( L).

The 221 series can only be had with a seven-speed automatic. For the first time the well-known seven- speed automatic transmission 7G -Tronic is also used in conjunction with the all-wheel drive 4MATIC. A special position is occupied, the twelve-cylinder models S 600 L and S 65 AMG L, they are only with long wheelbase and because of their high torque offered only with a five - speed automatic.

In some markets, there are deviations from the German offer, the S 500 is offered under the designation S 550 and only in long-wheelbase version, for example, in North America. In selected Asian markets - including China and Malaysia - however, is as a base model S 300 in the long version in the program. In Egypt, the S-Class S 350 and S 500 offered in two versions, both with short and long wheelbase.

The offered since June 2009, mild hybrid variant ( S 400 HYBRID ), in which a 15 kW (20 hp) electric motor to gasoline engine supports, in particular in urban traffic and also replaced the generator, is the world's first hybrid model with a space-saving lithium - ion battery. 2010 should be followed by other hybrid models:

  • S 400 HYBRID: V- six-cylinder petrol engine with 205 kW ( S 350 ) plus 15 kW electric motor, system performance 220 ​​kW, 385 Nm of torque and an average consumption of 7.9 l/100 km fuel
  • S 300 BlueTEC HYBRID: new 2.1 -liter inline four- cylinder diesel engine with 150 kW plus 15 kW electric motor, system performance 165 kW, 560 Nm of torque and an average consumption of 5.4 l/100 km diesel
  • S 400 BlueTEC HYBRID: 3.0 lV current six-cylinder diesel engine to 180 kW power increase plus 15 kW electric motor, system performance 195 kW, 630 Nm of torque and an average consumption of 5.8 l/100 km diesel

On 1 July 2010, the two former were diesel S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY and S 450 CDI deleted from the program. The reason Mercedes -Benz called that they only meet the Euro 4 emission standard. As a substitute for these engines, a revised version of the S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY was - the S 350 BlueTEC - introduced, which meets the Euro - 6 standard. He is one of the cleanest diesels in the world. It comes standard with a start -stop system, which should help to reduce the consumption. In parallel, the AMG models have been revised. The performance of the S 65 AMG was increased from 450 to 463 kW ( 630 hp). The S 63 AMG have been replaced by a completely newly developed engine. In addition, this model received a completely new powertrain. The 7G -Tronic has been replaced by the AMG MCT 7 -Speed ​​Shift - automatic including start - stop system and wet start. For the S 63 AMG, there is an additional charge AMG Performance Package Plus, the improved performance to 420 kW ( 571 hp) and 900 Nm and an electric and Breakaway at 300 km / h included.

From the end of September 2010, two newly developed engines will be available, which will be delivered in Germany from March 2011: First, the 3.5-liter V6 in the S 350 BlueEFFICIENCY, which brings it to 225 kW ( 306 hp) and on the other the S 500 BlueEFFICIENCY with a power of 320 kW ( 435 hp). Decisive for the increased efficiency of the new petrol engines is the newly developed spray-guided direct multiple injection of the third generation with multiple ignition in conjunction with standard start -stop system and the new seven - speed 7G -TRONIC Plus. With these changes, the consumption of the S 350 BlueEFFICIENCY was compared to the previous engine - the S 350 - by 24 percent to 7.6 liters, that of the S 500 BlueEFFICIENCY reduced compared to the previous S 500 by 15.5 percent to 9.4 liters be. The S 450 has been set in Germany.

In order for these two engines are fuel efficient than comparable competitors. Thus, the S 350 BlueEFFICIENCY (225 kW) consumed 7.6 liters of Super per 100 kilometers. The 15 kW more powerful BMW 740i is listed at 9.9 liters, the Audi A8 3.0 TFSI with 213 kW (290 hp), including all-wheel drive 9.1 liter. The S 500 BlueEFFICIENCY with 320 kW consumes 9.4 liters; 11.4 liters at 299 kW ( 407 PS) is BMW's guide when 750i, while the Audi in turn significantly lower power (274 kW/372 hp) makes do with four-wheel drive with 9.5 liters.

Coinciding with the new petrol engines is the first time a four-cylinder engine in the S-Class can be ordered. It is the 2.1 -liter inline four- cylinder diesel engine (OM 651 ) with Biturbo, the (204 hp) at a power of 150 kW and is already known from the C- and E-Class. The consumption is given as 5.7 liters. Thus, the S- class is the most fuel-efficient sedan in its segment.

* Only for selected Asian markets; For example, China and Malaysia

* The engine designation is encrypted as follows: M = motor, OM = oil motor, series = 3 digits, E = manifold injection, KE = port injection, DE = direct injection, ML = compressor, L = intercooler, A = exhaust gas turbocharger, red. = Reduced (r ) Power / Displacement, CB = increase

Environmental Certificate

The S 400 HYBRID, the world's first hybrid model with lithium -ion battery, was the first full-size hybrid cars worldwide environmental certification from TÜV Süd, which certifies that this car throughout its life cycle - from production and daily operation through to recycling - the environment less polluted than comparable products. Thus, about 18 percent less CO2 emissions are emitted as the S 350. To determine this balance 40,000 individual processes were used; as a result, came the eco-profile. Were examined, all environmentally relevant processes from development through production and use to disposal. Thus, in the S-Class, for example, a variety of recycled components and natural materials from renewable raw materials are installed.

Previously received the S-Class in 2005, this environmental certification world's first car ever.

Paragraph and comparison with competing products

2006 world 85,900 vehicles in the S-Class were delivered, which means the top position. The 7-series BMW came to 50,199 units. Third place was occupied by the Lexus LS, which was able to record 34 833 vehicles sold for itself. From the Audi A8 22 468 new vehicles were delivered worldwide.

Also In 2007, the S-Class retain 85,500 units with sales of the top position. Ranked two of the Lexus LS followed with 71,760 sedans. The BMW 7 Series came to 44 421 remote models and the Audi A8 has stagnated at a quantity of 22 182 vehicles.

In 2008, the S-Class with 90,600 vehicles sold remained the best selling car of the top class in the world. In second place, the 7-series BMW followed with 38 835 units. Sales of the Audi A8 fell to 20,140 vehicles.

2009, the S-Class remains the most successful luxury car in the world. With 53,400 vehicles delivered, it suggests the end of 2008, newly released generation of the BMW 7 Series, this time only just coming to 52 680 units. In Germany, the 7 Series continued with 7352 through to 6617 units of the S -Class, which also marked the peak in 2008. Knocked off follows the Audi A8 with 2013 newly registered vehicles worldwide 8599 units were sold by the by 2009. 2009 China was the most important market for the S-Class. There, the market share was around 40 percent in its segment and thus the series 221 is by far the number one. This took over from the Chinese market North America, which was several years as a focus of the S-Class sales and displaced North America to second place. Germany is the third most important market for the Series 221

Mercedes hoped for from the S 400 HYBRID accounted for 15 percent of all S- classes sold worldwide. 2009, this was even higher at around 20 percent.

In 2010, the S-Class against the 2008 newly released BMW 7 Series and the newly released 2010 Audi A8 was able to maintain and thus put himself at the head of the upper class in the German registration statistics. She came to 5177 units and was able to almost against the BMW 7 Series, which was recorded in 2010 by 5074 for newly registered vehicles to maintain. Audi was able to re-register from the 4752 A8 sedans. Also in global sales, the S-Class with 66,500 units could almost against the BMW 7-Series BMW, which comes to 65 814 vehicles, claim. Moreover, the Chinese market remained by 2010, the most important for the S-Class; Here, sales rose by 67 percent to 25,000 vehicles.

2011, the S-Class, 7 Series world just ahead of the BMW. While the former comes to around 68 969 units, 68 774 vehicles were sold by the BMW 7 Series. The Audi A8 follows clearly defeated with 34,245 vehicles. In Germany, was the first time since the publication enforce against the 221 series of the 7 Series: 5062 BMW 7 Series were registered by 2011 in Germany, the S-Class comes to 4730 units, which means the second place. Third, the Audi A8 with 4728 units. The main market was also in this year, China with 31,050 sold S- Class ahead of the U.S. with 12,258 units.

In the year 2012 65.128 units were sold worldwide, thus maintaining the primacy at this level, since 59 184 vehicles and the Audi A8 38 636 vehicles have been sold by the BMW 7 Series in the same period world. In Germany, however, the S-Class was defeated 7 Series with 3304 new registrations both the Audi A8 with 3675 units as well as the BMW, which comes to 4457 registrations. Also in this year, China remained the largest market for the S-Class. There, 33,140 new vehicles of class 221 were sold. The U.S. came to 11,794 remote models in this range.

Since the market launch of the 221 series in 2005 until the end of 2011 more than 440,000 vehicles were sold. Until July 2012, over 500,000 units were sold. This makes it the world's most successful luxury saloon and related to the period of approximately seven years of production, the most successful luxury saloon of all time, even before the 126 series came to a paragraph of 818 036 vehicles within approximately eleven years.

Prizes and awards

In November 2005, the S-Class was awarded the "Golden Steering Wheel 2005" in the upper class. A month later, in December, it the "Luxury Top Car " Award was presented. Both awards come from Germany. From Great Britain came in January 2006, the award "Best car in the luxury class " to which is assigned by the organizer " What Car? ". In March 2006, the S-Class in Austria for "Fleet Car of the Year" (German company car of the year) was appointed. In November 2007 she won the reader's choice "Auto Trophy 2007 " Auto Zeitung in the upper class. Finally she won in January 2008, the Reader's Choice " Best Cars of 2008" in the luxury class; This prize is awarded by the magazine Auto, Motor und Sport.