The district is a district in Central Saxony Free State of Saxony, which arose in the course of Saxony district reform in 2008 to 1 August 2008.
The circle extends to the area of previous counties chub, Freiberg and Mittweida. It is bordered to the west by the rural district of Altenburger Land ( Thuringia ), to the southwest by the Saxon district of Zwickau and the independent city of Chemnitz, in the south to the Saxon Erzgebirge District and to the Czech Republic, to the east by the Saxon counties Saxon Switzerland & Eastern Ore Mountains and Meissen, in the north to the county Nordsachsen and to the northwest by the district of Leipzig. The seat of the district of Central Saxony in Freiberg.
- 4.1 street
- 4.2 Railway
- 4.3 Air Traffic
- 4.4 Marine
The district ranges from the Middle Saxon hill country in the north over the Erzgebirge to the heights of the eastern Ore Mountains. The north intersects the A14 between Leisnig and chubs, south of the A4 between Frankenberg and Siebenlehn. In the east, including the Tharandter forest and to the west marked the valley of the river Mulde in Penig, and the independent city of Chemnitz the edge of the district. To the south the county extends to the Ore Mountains, which also marks the border between Germany and Czech Republic.
In this district or immediately outside the district boundaries are calculated by different methods midpoints of the Free State and the former Kingdom of Saxony.
The heights of the northern part gently undulating plateau but the southern part livelier landscape ranged from 140 m above sea level. NN ( Valley of the Freiberger Mulde at Leisnig as the lowest point) to 837 m above sea level ( Kohlberg at Neuhausen im Erzgebirge as the highest point ).
The major bodies of water are the Zwickau and the Freiberger Mulde, the Zschopau with the Kriebstein that Bobritzsch, the Large and Small Striegis that Striegis that Gimmlitz with the dam Lichtenberg and Floeha with the dam Rauschenbach. The rivers still mostly as upper reaches middle reaches are incised with their tortuous and northwards pronounced notched and notched sole valleys in the surrounding terrain. Thus they made from time immemorial until the 19th century, serious for the east-west running roads obstacles, whereas they offered in North-South direction access to the mountains. The county has in its southern part share in the Erzgebirge / Vogtland.
Noteworthy are the fits on the old veins, still visible today, mining dumps, the so-called trains between Halsbrücke, Freiberg and fire -Erbisdorf. Artificial ponds and artificial ditches around Freiberg, Brand-Erbisdorf and Großhartmannsdorf presented with their trench and Rösch system, the water supply and disposal of ore mining for centuries safely, including the Rothschönberger Stolln, the Brander and Freiberg Mining on the Triebisch towards the Elbe dehydrated.
Circle Cross was at the beginning of the 21st century with the cities Nossen in the district of Meißen, Rosswein, Grossschirma, the cities of Freiberg and fire -Erbisdorf a zone of urbanization tend to emerge. This included approximately 75,000 inhabitants in 2004.
In the north of the circle is the land that adjoins the loess zone Lommatzscher care, covered by arable land, meadows and forests. The geo-ecological boundary between the hills and mountains is located approximately on the line Seifersdorf - Großschirma - Sand - Oberschaar - Herrendorf - Landsberg in Tharandter Forest ( Weißeritzkreis ). On the stony plateaus grows predominantly spruce forest on the steep valley slopes predominantly deciduous forest. The farther south you go, the more decreases the proportion of arable land, it is dominated by mountain meadows and in the far south near the snow-sure in winter, rough ridge lines there is a closed spruce forest. The floors set in the north of loess and loam, south facing more and more from residual soils together.
Renowned for their self-irony Saxony designated the middle Saxon city triangle Leibsch (Leipzig) - Gemnitz (Chemnitz ) - Dräsdn (Dresden) as " idiots triangle".
See also: List of landscapes in Saxony, List of waters in Saxony, List of mountains in Saxony, natural areas in Saxony
Coat of arms
To find a coat of arms for the newly created district, in early September 2008, the Heraldic Society "Black Lion" in Leipzig and the graphic studio Eberhard Heini Shrouded from Geringswalde from the District commissioned to produce certain designs. A total of six different designs were submitted, with three of these designs were in two color variations. On 10 June 2009, the council decided to adopt a draft of the Heraldry Society "Black Lion". The coat of arms is quartered, top left is the Meissner lion (black on a yellow background ) for the Margraviate of Meissen, which included the three old districts. To the right (yellow on a black background) is the iron mountain, which stands for the old district of Freiberg and the mining region. Bottom left shows the design of three blue waves on a yellow background, which are taken from the old county coat of arms Mittweida and bottom right are three black awakening to see on a yellow background that the arms of the Leisnig ( noble family ) are borrowed from the former county chub.
On 8 June 2008, the district election took place in the district of Central Saxony. In this election, the former Freiberg district Volker Uhlig reached (CDU ) almost an absolute majority of votes ( 50.02% ). Second was Jens Stahlmann (The Left ) with 19.49 %, followed by Simone Violka (SPD ) with 13.01%, Konrad Felber (FDP) with 7.73%, Hartmut Krien (NPD ) with 5.77% and Dan Fehlberg ( Green ) with 3.99%. The former District Administrator of the chubs, Manfred Graetz was appointed after the election of the first aldermen of the district administrator of the new district.
The council of the district of Central Saxony was also elected on 8 June 2008. The district of Central Saxony is divided into 14 district council constituencies, of which lie in the former county chub three, in the former district Freiberg six and the former Mittweida five. The 98 seats on the council are distributed as follows among the individual parties:
The two members of the Alliance 90/The Greens have joined the Group of the Alliance of Independent voters connected, the non-party Freiberger Mayor Bernd- Erwin Schramm ( Freiberg may be more ) has joined the FDP and the county council Gunther Zschommler, who is running for the regional farmers' association, had the CDU has connected. The four district councils of the NPD not form own faction ( association of at least five members ). The council has established a Finance and Administration Committee (18 members), a Committee for Environment and Technology ( 18 members) and a Youth Services Committee (14 members) formed.
The new license plate FG for the district of Central Saxony was adopted on 29 October 2008 in a vote in the new county council by a narrow margin of 44 to 40 votes. Prior to the vote, there were large discrepancies even among the deputies, with the indicator. After legal review of all proposals were still three variants to choose from, "MSN", "FG" and " MFG ". Following the decision of the district is encouraged resentment among the people in the room chub and Mittweida. Based on this initiated the Döbelner businessman and chairman of the FDP Döbelner Rocco Werner citizens initiative per MSN. The aim of the initiative was, by means of a signature collection to reach a referendum on the flag MSN. The prerequisite for this was that until 29 December 2008, at least 28 846 electors Central Saxony, equivalent to 10 % that support with their signature the citizens'. At the reporting date, 29 December 2008, the District Office of Central Saxony were officially handed over 42,976 signatures, of which only 39 513 were valid. Already in January 2009 moved the MSN supporters from their original demand for a referendum from and repeated until the council decision on March 11, multiply the requirement that county councils should collect their October decision and set the flag abbreviation MSN without citizen participation.
Beginning of March 2009 established the Freiberg FDP chairman Benjamin Karabinski, chairman of the JU Central Saxony, Sebastian Hamann, and the technician Steffen Fischer in Freiberg a bipartisan initiative to obtain the license plate FG. The initiators were responding to the repeated demand of MSN proponents, without citizen participation define the abbreviation MSN. For this case, the Initiative Pro FG threatened with its own citizens' renaming of the district in district Freiberg.
The council then decided on 11 March 2009 to let all of Central Saxony vote in a referendum on 7 June 2009 on the license plate. Six district councils - including Freiberg Mayor Bernd- Erwin Schramm (independent) - abstained from doing the voice. At the public decision by a simple majority of the votes cast should decide whether FG remain or should be replaced by MSN. The MSN proponents would have at least a quarter of all voters must embody ( 72,125 votes) in Central Saxony. With a turnout of 56.67 % 52.67 % of voters voted against the flag MSN and thus for maintaining the flag FG.
The district is characterized by a mix of industries, including:
- Semiconductor and Solar Industry
- Wood, paper and printing industry
- Agriculture and food industry
- Mechanical and automotive engineering, automotive
- Electrical Engineering and Electronics
The district is cut into three freeways, the A 4 as a main thoroughfare between East and West, the A14 branches off to the north- west. In the far west the A 72 affected the county. Furthermore, the lead federal highways 7, 101, 107, 169, 171, 173, 175, 176, 180 and state highways through the county.
It only lead the three main routes Dresden- Freiberg - Chemnitz- Werdau, Riesa- Chemnitz chub - chub - and - Borsdorf Coswig by means Saxony. The northwestern part of Burgstädt is also accessible through the main line Neukieritzsch - Chemnitz. The county is practically decoupled from the distance railway services. The main routes only regional connections to Dresden, Leipzig, Chemnitz and Elsterwerda (Brandenburg ) are operated. Currently, only a Interegio connection Dresden- Nürnberg Freiberg and Floeha exists. Freiberg is also connected to the S -Bahn network Dresden. Burgstädt, Hainichen and Frankenberg are integrated into the City-Bahn Chemnitz.
The once extensive rail network has been significantly thinned before the district reform in 2008 by the Deutsche Bahn. Whole railway junctions such as Rochlitz with the routes Glauchau sausages, Rochlitz - Penig and Waldheim Rochlitz were shut down. Other nodes as Nossen and Freiberg lost much of its importance. Today only a few branch lines in the Erzgebirge Erzgebirge and are in operation. Some of these are operated by various private railways.
Near Großschirma or Langhennersdorf there is a special airfield. Nearby airports are Leipzig / Halle Airport (60 km ) Dresden Airport (about 50 km) and Leipzig -Altenburg Airport (15 km from the county border).
In the district there is no sense in the commercial inland navigable waters. Only tourist passenger shipping on the Kriebstein is to mention here.
The District Hospital gGmbH Freiberg is one of ten hospitals in the specialized care in Saxony with 365 beds. Main shareholder is the county, another shareholder to the Sana Kliniken AG. The hospital has a certified stroke center.
Since 1996, hospitals in Mittweida, Frankenberg and Rochlitz form gGmbH Mittweida district hospital, a hospital company usually supply with 360 beds and a certified breast center. End of 2013, the hospital operating in Frankenberg has been set.
2010, both companies were hospital teaching hospital of the Medical Faculty of the Technical University of Dresden.
The DIAKOMED - Diakoniekrankenhaus Chemnitz country in Hartmann village (carrier: DIAKOMED gGmbH ), the Hospital chub (carrier: Dr. Ralf Lange hospital establishments GmbH, Dr. Lange is also the Managing Director and Medical Director) and the Helios hospital Leisnig are more rule -catering accommodation with 250, 195 and 175 beds.
Additionally, with the clinic at Tharandter forest ( private carrier: Rehabilitation center Niederschöna GmbH ) and the Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Bethany High Großweitzschen two specialist hospitals.
In Schönborn- Dreiwerden the social psychiatry of the hospital Chemnitz operates in a Vierseitenhof therapy establishment " Kastanienhof Rossau ".
In the district there are two universities, the University of Freiberg and the Mittweida ( FH).
Cities and Towns
The district includes 56 municipalities at ( population figures of 31 December 2012):
In the county the Mittelsächsische theater venues in Freiberg and chub is located.
The district of Central Saxony is in Germany together with the county Mecklenburg Lake District one with the highest number of former district towns in Germany. There are a total of six (in brackets the year of the loss of the county town status and the respective license plate ). These are:
The city Siebenlehn was incorporated as the first city of Saxony in a rural community. Großschirma thus also received a city charter.
On 23 September 2008, the Freiberg region received the loaned by the federal government entitled " City of Diversity".