Erzgebirge is since 1 August 2008, a district in the Saxon Erzgebirge. The county seat of Erzgebirgskreises is Annaberg -Buchholz. He is the most populous district in Saxony.
- 4.1 Economics
- 4.2 Health Economics
- 4.3 traffic
- 7.1 Amalgamations
The district encompasses nearly the entire Saxon Western and Central Ore Mountains, on the ridge region on the German - Czech border up to the transition to Erzgebirgsbecken between the cities of Chemnitz and Zwickau.
Highest point of Erzgebirgskreises and also of Saxony is 1215 m above sea level. HN Fichtelbergbahn. On its slopes also arise from two major rivers of the Western Ore Mountains, which Zschopau and the black water. Other major rivers passing through the district are the Mulde, the largest rivers, and the Floeha, which forms the border with the geomorphological Eastern Ore Mountains to the east. Largest standing water is the dam yew floor.
In the more densely populated western and northern borders of the Erzgebirge District clockwise to the Vogtland district, the district of Zwickau and the independent city of Chemnitz, in the less populated east and south by the district of Central Saxony and the Ústí Region and Karlovy Vary Region in the Czech Republic.
The geographic center of the circle was possible to determine the Chemnitz Free Press and published as a result of the coordinates 50 ° 36 ' 32.4 " N, 12 ° 56' 40.9 " O50.60898888888912.944680555556, on the territory of the municipality Tannenberg.
As part of the administrative reform of the country's authorities took place on 1 August 2008 a Saxon district reform, in the districts of Aue -Schwarzenberg, Annaberg, Stollberg and Middle Erzgebirgskreis with her at this time a total of 28 cities and 43 municipalities were merged into one Erzgebirgskreis.
As county seat Annaberg -Buchholz was confirmed on 23 January 2008. In addition, the town of Aue reported to be entitled to the county seat and turned with an application to municipal judicial review to the Constitutional Court of Saxony, to address the determination of Annaberg -Buchholz as the seat of the district administration. On 27 June 2008, the Constitutional Court rejected the request of the town of Aue.
In order to offer the former district towns compensate for the loss of the county seat, it was them, as well as other cities in previous Saxon district territorial reforms, allows to have himself appointed without actually required minimum population for county seat. Moreover, even after the reform locations different units and departments of the district newly formed were left in both floodplain and in Marienberg and Stollberg, secured its role as administrative centers with appropriate jobs and purchasing power and receive short ways for citizens.
The district election of Erzgebirgskreises took place on 8 June 2008. In the first ballot, each candidate missed the required absolute majority, so a runoff election on June 22, 2008 had to be done. In the second ballot sat Frank Vogel (CDU ) with 55.8 percent of the valid votes against by his four competitors. He took up his duties on 1 August 2008.
The district council also Erzgebirgskreises was elected on 8 June 2008. The 98 seats on the council are distributed as follows among the individual parties:
Coat of arms
Blazon: ". In gold over a green mountain, which diagonally crossed a silver hammer and a silver iron, border, a red reinforced and gezungter black lion "
On 27 November 2008, the council voted for a draft of the Weimar heraldist Michael Zapfe. Can be used as the coat of arms of this design, heraldic after examination by the Central State Archive of Dresden and confirmation by the Chemnitz county, since 18 December 2008. A similar design with black background in the lower area had previously been rejected by the council.
The black lion on a gold field to the Margraviate of Meissen symbolize, to whose dominion belonged to the territory of the Erzgebirgskreises. However, it is not in the arms of Erzgebirgskreises a Meissen lions, because this is designed not lying and upright. In the lower part are hammer and chisel for the mining industry, who gave his name and its meaning the Erzgebirge. The gently curved, green background symbolizing the densely forested mountains.
Economy and infrastructure
As a result of the centuries -powered mining developed in a Erzgebirgskreis, compared with total Saxony, disproportionately high industrial density. About 30 percent of all employees are working in the industry with a focus on the tooling, machinery and electrical engineering. Another characteristic of mainly small and medium-sized undertakings economic structure is a wide range of industries. So also industries such as manufacturing and service companies build strong legs. Plays an important role in the arch mountain tourism and also to the outside world, the production of wood art, just plenty of 1 percent of total employment, however, which employs. In June 2011, there were 17,006 people out of work, representing an unemployment rate of 8.9 percent in the district.
- Helios Klinikum Aue ( special treatment ) with Medi- care center Schwarzenberg
- EKA Erzgebirgsklinikum Annaberg gGmbH
- Clinics Erlabrunn gGmbH, the first new hospital in the GDR
- Klinikum gGmbH Middle Ore Mountains, houses Zschopau and Olbernhau
- Miners Hospital Schneeberg gGmbH, Klinikum Chemnitz is the majority shareholder
- GGmbH district hospital Stollberg
The EKH Erzgebirgische hospital and hospital mbH has the Oncology Specialist Hospital Marienstift Schwarzenberg operated, now there is in Schwarzenberg only the health and care center Marienstift.
- Asthma - Healing Gallery in the exhibition mine tin mine honor Friedersdorf
- Old Flying School Therapeutic device for dependency sick Großrückerswalde
- AWO health center at the mirror forest mother / father and child clinic Green Hein -Beierfeld
- Psychosomatic rehabilitation specialist focus Eubios speech and language disorders Thalheim
- Rehabilitation Clinic Miriquidi orthopedics and neurology, specific treatments for scoliosis Thermal Wiesenbad
- Knappschafts Clinic Warmbad rehab clinic for orthopedics, internal medicine and neurology Wolkenstein OT Warmbad
- AKULA medical Annaberg GmbH
- AMEDTEC medical Aue GmbH
- Funeralia GmbH Ehrenfriedersdorf
- SIGMA Medizin -Technik GmbH Gelenau
- Graupner GmbH & Co. KG Geyer
- Goltec Innovative Medizintechnik GmbH Lugau
- Fresenius Medical Care GmbH Thalheim Stollberg
- Medical GMT Geissler Zwoenitz
The main roads in the Erzgebirge District are the main roads. In east-west direction open it up especially the B 101, but also the B 171, B 180 and B 283 From north to south these are the B 93, B 95, B 169 and B 174 the region connect with the regional centers of Chemnitz and Zwickau. With the between Oelsnitz / Erzgeb. and Neukirchen / Erzgeb. through the north-western district area leading A 72, the region is, however, also directly connected to the motorway network. For traffic in the neighboring Czech Republic, there are shared for motor vehicles border crossings in Johann George Town, Upper Wiesenthal, bears stone, in Marienberg district Reitzenhain and in German Neudorf.
Rail transport in the district is operated through four regional railway lines of the Erzgebirgsbahn and on two lines from the City-Bahn Chemnitz. The trails are mostly along the valleys and connect the region with the metropolitan area of Chemnitz -Zwickau. In addition to these standard-gauge railways there with the Fichtelbergbahn one runs regularly from the Saxon steam railway company operated, narrow gauge track between Cranzahl and Oberwiesenthal. Other narrow gauge railways are operated as museum railways. Cross-border rail traffic there is on the railway line Schwarzenberg Johanngeorgenstadt in Johann George Town and on the Zschopautalbahn in Baerenstein.
Erzgebirge is involved in the transport network means Saxony (VMS ). All public transport, except the Fichtelbergbahn, can therefore be used at standard rates of VMS.
With the airfield Chemnitz -Jahn village in the north of the airfield and Erzgebirgskreises Großrückerswalde at Marienberg, there are two airfields. Nearest airports with scheduled service are Carlsbad, Leipzig- Altenburg, Dresden, Prague and Leipzig / Halle.
The FC Erzgebirge Aue is probably the most famous sports club of the circle.
Oberwiesenthal represents the winter sports center of the circle
Unlike many other regions of the GDR, the Christian life in the Erzgebirge moved less in the background. The proportion of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church is located at about 150,000 people (40 % of the population ), well above the average of the Free State of Saxony (21 %). Approximately 8,000 community members ( 2%) belong to the United Methodist Church. In addition to this some more free churches such as the Seventh- day Adventists with several communities represented. There are also some Roman Catholic parishes and a greater number of New Apostolic congregations. Represented locally are still the special religious communities sheep Jehovah's Witnesses community in Christ Jesus ( Lorenzianer ) with the central sanctuary Elias castle in Pockau and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ( Mormons) with communities in black and Annaberg -Buchholz.
Cities and Towns
( Population figures from December 31, 2012)
Management communities and local government associations