The district Nagpur ( Marathi: नागपूर जिल्हा ) is one of 35 districts in the state of Maharashtra in India. The city of Nagpur is the administrative center of the district. The last census in 2011 showed a total population of 4,653,570 people.
From pre-Christian times to the year 1345, the area - such as the whole region - ruled by various Buddhist and Hindu rulers. The first known state was the Mauryan Empire, the last non-Muslim dynasty were the Gond. After decades of military conflict with Muslim rulers in northern India took place in 1345 occupation by Muslim soldiers. After that prevailed until the year 1724 various Muslim dynasties ( Sultanate of Delhi, Bahmani, Deccan sultanates and the Mughals Gross ). In 1739 the area known as Nagpur Kingdom as part of the Hindu Marathenreichs became independent. After the defeat of the Marathas against the British was in 1818 as an independent state part of the British Empire. After the last ruler of the kingdom was passed in 1853, it came to the annexation of the Kingdom of Nagpur in the British Administrative Region Central Provinces ( Central Provinces and Berar since 1903 ). In 1862 the district was separated from Wardha district Nagpur. With the independence of India in 1947 and the reorganization of the country in 1950 was part of the new state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956, the Indian state was divided and the area came to Bombay State. This state was also dissolved in 1960 and the district Nagpur part of the new Indian state of Maharashtra.
At the last census 2011 4.653.570 inhabitants were counted. Of these, 2,384,975 were men ( 51.25 percent) and 2,268,595 women. Among the Dalits were 2011 867.713 ( 18.6 percent), the Adivasi 437 571 ( 9.4 per cent ) people. Of the total number of inhabitants lived 2011 3.178.759 persons ( 68.31 percent) in urban areas. Thus lived more than two-thirds of the population in cities. The majority of the population of the district of Nagpur speaks Marathi. A majority of the Muslims speak Urdu. In the whole district there are 1,628 inhabited villages.
Population of the district according to confessions
A clear vast majority of the population are Hindus. The Buddhists and Muslims are significant minorities. The exact religious composition of the population shows the following table:
As everywhere in India grows, the population in the district of Nagpur for decades strong. The increase has slowed somewhat in the years 2001-2011 and was only just over 14 per cent ( 14.40% ). Nevertheless, the population increased by nearly 600,000 people in the past ten years. The exact figures shows the following table:
Strongest town inhabitants of the district is the capital Nagpur. Other important cities with a population of more than 25,000 people are Kamptee, Umred, Wadi, Katol, Digdoh and Savner.