The New York City Marathon ( colloquially known as the New York Marathon, with full name ING New York City Marathon after the main sponsor ING Groep, from 2014 TCS New York City Marathon to the new main sponsor Tata Consultancy Services) is a marathon, which takes place on the first Sunday in November in New York City. The competition is organized annually by the New York Road Runners organization since 1970.
He is one next to the Boston Marathon and the Chicago Marathon the most important and biggest running events in the U.S. and has partnered in 2006 with these two events as well as the London Marathon and the Berlin Marathon at the World Marathon Majors.
He is the richest participants marathon in the world. 2013, a record number of participants was set up with 50 266 finishers with a total of 50 740 starters.
In 2012, he had to be canceled two days before the start because of the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. In the first years held in mid-September, he was held from 1976 to 1985 the end of October. Since 1986, he took on its current date, with the exception of 1993 and 1995, when he first took place on the second Sunday in November.
- 4.1 Course Records
- 4.2 List of winners and numbers of participants
The New York Marathon is not a circular route, but goes from Fort Wadsworth on Staten Iceland over Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx to Manhattan, where the target is located in Central Park. Because of the large number of participants is started with approximately 30 -minute intervals in place in four waves ( 2008 to 2011 in three waves). In each wave there are three start tracks, which are finally combined only at mile 8. The professional runners run separately for some time before the main shafts, as well as the participants in the wheelchair class. The professional runners start at the top of the first main shaft.
Right at the beginning you have to the highest point of the route, the Verrazano -Narrows Bridge with a span of 3 km, Walk. Then it goes through Brooklyn, where you can almost just running straight on 4th Avenue between mile 4 and mile 8. About the Pulaski Bridge, on the ramp, the half marathon point is, it goes to Queens. From this area you can access the Queensboro Bridge into Manhattan and on First Avenue. There it is 3.5 miles to the north and over the Willis Avenue Bridge into the Bronx. After just over a mile it goes over the Madison Avenue Bridge back to Manhattan by the Harlem district of Fifth Avenue. Now it runs on the Museum Mile in New York along the east side of Central Park. Near the Guggenheim Museum replace the runners on the East Drive in the park itself, until it again briefly leave the park and walk through Central Park South, where a particularly large audience create the right mood. Then it goes on Columbus Circle back counter in the Central Park, the goal at the Tavern on the Green. 12,000 workers are deployed to serve the more than 45,000 runners.
A total of five bridges to cross the track. It is a demanding marathon, which in comparison to the large marathons in Germany like Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt and Cologne in the elite field about two minutes and is gone about five to ten minutes slower recreational runners.
Beginnings in Central Park
At the first marathon on September 13, 1970 127 participants took part, of which only 55 reached the target. The low share of finisher persisted for several years. Only since 1979 are regularly 90% or more of the registered runners to the finish.
The number of participants rose slowly: 1971 were already 245 runners at the start, then in 1974 was over 500 Until 1975, the marathon took place in Central Park, where four rounds have been completed. This caused increasing organizational problems, as it became more difficult with higher numbers of participants to perform the lap counting for each runner.
Extension to all 5 boroughs
Prior to the marathon in 1976, the proposal came on to perform on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the American Declaration of Independence the marathon through all five New York City boroughs. This was controversial, as New York was then affected by crime and many of the to be run through parts of the city were considered to be dangerous. The route chosen was like in Broad today. The change resulted in an increase of the number of participants from 534 to over 2000 with it. Despite the fears, there were no negative incidents. In addition to a positive response in the media of course also found in the population attention. Therefore, the route has been maintained in the following years.
The number of participants increased rapidly. 1979, for the first time more than 10,000 runners at the finish, in 1985 about 15,000. Increasingly, organizational limitations played a role in the number of participants, so it has since come to restrictions on the number of participants and the use of selection procedures. The size of the quota has been continuously expanded: In 1987, for the first time over 20,000 runners at the finish, in 1991 we crossed the 25,000 1997 30,000 2004 35,000 2009 40,000 2010 45,000 2013 and finally 50,000. The audience response increased significantly, even if the called number from the organizer of two million spectators expected to be greatly exaggerated.
In 1992, a separate class for racing wheelchairs and hand cycles has been introduced. By 1999, both units were counted together, since in separate classes.
Key figure Fred Lebow
A significant part of this success is attributable to the organizer Fred Lebow died in 1994, with the new ideas promoted by that busy chairman of the New York Road Runners and race director of the marathon running sports in New York, and thus also the marathon. He took part in it in 1970 and 1971, but then could this not because of the increasing burden of organizing the run. He was also instrumental in the expansion of the run to all five boroughs with that laid the foundation for the huge success of the event. In the New York City Marathon in 1992, two years after a brain tumor was found with him, he took the third and last time, even in part as a runner. In his honor, a monument was created, which has its regular location at the height of 90th street near the headquarters of the New York Road Runners directly on a running path of the East Drive in Central Park. Every year it is put to the marathon to the finish line at Tavern on the Green, there to welcome the finisher, like it did Lebow in his lifetime itself.
After 2000: Sponsors and first refusal
Until 2002, the run various sponsors, but did not wear a sponsors name in the title. In 2003, he was renamed " ING New York City Marathon " after the new main sponsor ING Groep. On November 4, 2013, the day after the marathon, Tata Consultancy Services took over as the main sponsor, so the run from 2014 " TCS New York City Marathon " will be called.
In 2012, the race had to be canceled so far for the only time. After Hurricane Sandy in 2012 on the part of organizers and the mayor had been accepted, the drive to perform as planned. Since the storm had but claimed numerous victims and still large parts of the city were in a state of emergency, there was strong criticism of the planned alignment of the marathon. He was eventually canceled on November 2. Some of registered participants and volunteers, among other things, to had agreed to drinks and coin issue, instead, helped with the cleanup, while others gathered for an informal Marathon in Central Park. The controversy surrounding the cancellation of the marathon and the date of notification of this decision lingered for a while. In response to all registered participants of the run were offered three options: a refund of the entry fee, a starting place in the New York City Half-Marathon in 2013 or a starting place for the marathon in 2013, 2014 or 2015.
Successful and prominent participants
The most successful participants from Germany were Uta Pippig that could win in 1993, and Herbert Steffny third in 1984, from Switzerland, the winner of 1997 Franziska Rochat -Moser, and the seventh in 2005, Röthlin.
Many celebrities have the New York City Marathon so far been used for a gig. 1999 was attended by the then German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and the Governor of Carinthia Joerg Haider. Lance Armstrong went here after the withdrawal from cycling in 2006 his first marathon and was just under three hours. 2013 took the actress Pamela Anderson in part in favor of a charity for earthquake victims in Haiti.
2007 took place the elimination race of the USA Track & Field Association for the 2008 Olympic Games in Central Park on the eve of the New York City Marathon. Tickets to Beijing secured on the wavy course Ryan Hall, Dathan Ritzenhein and Brian Sell. The race was overshadowed by the cardiac death of the co-favorites Ryan Shay, who collapsed at km 9.
The New York City Marathon is the world's largest marathon with now over 50,000 finishers. How many more must also runs this limit the number of applications, since the interest exceeds the realizable organizational participant numbers by far. Thus, the number of people interested is usually from about 100,000.
Already in the 1980s could no longer be allowed any interested party. At that time the applications were, inter alia, accepted after the postmark, so that it was already on the first application date right after midnight was a rush to get a stamp as early as possible.
All runners must be at least 18 years of age on race day.
In 1999, a multi-pronged system will be used.
Akkredierte travel agencies offer starting places in conjunction with relevant travel packages. In addition, numerous charities starting places, they make larger donations to funds available, subject to appropriate runners run less for themselves but as ambassadors of the respective matter.
The remaining seats are divided into two categories: guaranteed participation for runners that meet certain criteria, and a lottery for all others.
Criteria for participation are guaranteed (as for the marathon in 2014 ):
- The fall below certain time limits in a half marathon or marathon, which by the New York Road Runners ( eg New York City Half-Marathon ) is held. Runners who have run a time corresponding to a different drive, enter a special lottery. If they are not drawn there, get on the general lottery a second chance. Currently (November 2013) need to run the marathon in less than 2:45 hours under the age of 39 men and the half marathon in 1:19 hours. 3:10 hours apply in the half marathon in the marathon and 1:30 for women in the same age group. For older runners higher limits apply.
- Members of the New York Road Runners, who have participated in at least nine rounds of the club last year and have also (but not the marathon ) worked as a helper at a running event of the association. The latter requirement can be replaced by a larger cash payment.
- Runners who had a starting place in the previous year and have canceled their participation in accordance with the applicable guidelines. Here, however, restrictions on places that have been acquired through tour operators, or places that have been provided by a charity apply.
- Runners who have completed at least 15 New York City Marathon. It is planned to abolish this possibility. Only the marathon until 2016 are to be calculated.
- Runners who participated in the previous three years each in the lottery and were not pulled. This possibility will exist for the last time in 2014.
- Registered participants in the canceled because of the hurricane Sandy marathons in 2012 were guaranteed a starting place in 2013, 2014 or 2015 and for the price of 2012. The choice of the year is not subsequently be changed. 19,000 registered participants of 2012 chose a starting place in the Marathon of 2013.
The remaining after applying the criteria places will be distributed via a lottery. This opens about one month after the conclusion of the previous marathons. Tickets are only available for a surcharge. The drawing of the sites occurs in late May, with the winners of the entry fee will be deducted from the credit card provided when the ransom immediately. Fails the booking, the winner loses the place, which will instead be raffled again among lottery participants.
The lottery is divided into categories: one-third of the seats goes to the Greater New York, a third in the continental United States (only the 50 states and Washington, DC) and the remaining third to the rest of the world. Previously, only two categories were used: USA and rest of the world.
- Men: 2:05:10 h, Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai (KEN ), 2011
- Women: 2:22:31 h, Margaret Okayo (KEN ), 2003
List of winners and numbers of participants
Sources: ARRS and Microsoft Encarta; see to the individual winners and the collection of Runner's World
Note: For a final measurement, the track of the year 1981 as 151 meters by too short out ( 42 044 meters). Probably the discharged on the same track races the years 1976 to 1980 were also too short.