Rapallo ( Liguria Rapallo ) is an Italian city in the Liguria region in the province of Genoa with 29,214 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2012).
The city is the largest resort on the Riviera di Levante and is located about 33 km southeast of Genoa.
A 1911 in today's district Sant'Anna discovered old grave suggests that Rapallo was settled around 700 BC. The equipment of the tomb reinforces the presumption that Rapallo is an Etruscan foundation.
On September 8, 1494, the army of Charles VIII stormed under the leadership of Louis of Orléans Rapallo and massacred all the inhabitants of the city, including the women and children down. The massacre was the retribution for Rapallo's attempt to stop the troops of Charles VIII on their march to Naples using the three days earlier landed in the port of Genoa 5000 Aragonese soldiers.
In 1815, after the Congress of Vienna, Rapallo came to the Kingdom of Sardinia.
In the 20th century, two treaties were concluded in the seaside resort:
- On November 12, 1920, Italy ( from 1929 to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia renamed) reached an agreement with the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in the border treaty of Rapallo on border issues.
- World historical fame reached the city by the agreement signed on April 16, 1922 contract between the German Reich and the Russian Soviet Republic, the Treaty of Rapallo. The foreign ministers of the two countries, Rathenau and Chicherin, agreed a waiver of reparations and the resumption of diplomatic relations. The contract was considered by the Western powers with strong suspicion. Great Britain demanded its cancellation, France took it as an opportunity to occupy the Ruhr and to strengthen the collection of reparations.
- Old Town, the center is the Piazza Cavour with the parish church, the bell tower is from 1857
- Castle from the 16th century
- Museo del Pizzo a tombolo, the lace museum at the city park
Sons and daughters of the town
- Luciano Bottaro (1931-2006), cartoonist
- Sebastiano Nela ( b. 1961 ), football player
- Dino Betti van der Noot ( b. 1936 ), a jazz pianist, arranger and bandleader
- Zazzi Alexandra (born 1966 ), Swedish chef, journalist and author
- North of Rapallo on the Sanctuary of the Madonna di Mont Allegro.
- In the southwest of Rapallo, Santa Margherita Ligure borders the place, who was a prominent seaside resort about 100 years ago.