San Antonio is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and is located on the eponymous river. It is the county seat of Bexar County.
With 1,327,407 inhabitants, San Antonio is the seventh largest city in the U.S., according to Houston 's second-largest city in Texas and thus the largest second largest city in a U.S. state. The economic impact to San Antonio is located in the state of Texas in third place, behind Houston and the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.
The cultural diversity of the city is dominated by Spanish, Mexican, Anglo-American and German influences.
Internationally known the city of San Antonio is through their basketball team, the San Antonio Spurs, by the Alamo and the Riverwalk.
San Antonio is the oldest town in Texas. The area was first explored in 1691 by a Spanish vanguard. The name goes back to the Saint Anthony of Padua, the missionaries had stopped in the area at the Remembrance Day. 1718 built the Franciscans ( OFM), the mission San Antonio de Valero, that building, which is commonly known as the Alamo today. At a military base to protect the missionaries, the settlement of San Antonio de Béxar was founded in 1735, is descended from the present-day city.
The city was initially part of the Spanish possessions, and then those of Mexico. San Antonio was captured on 9 December 1835 by the troops soon thereafter proclaimed Republic of Texas in revolt against the Mexican regime of Antonio López de Santa Anna.
San Antonio is the economic and cultural center of South Texas. Supporting industries are the banking industry, education (eg, the University of Texas at San Antonio), Health ( Medical Center ), and tourism - the city recorded about 20 million tourists per year. Be on-site theme parks of SeaWorld and Six Flags Fiesta Texas. The four resident facilities of the U.S. military (Fort Sam Houston, Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base and Brooks City Base ) is also made of economic importance.
In San Antonio is the oldest museum of modern art in Texas, the Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum.
Large companies headquartered in San Antonio are SBC Communications, Valero Energy Corp.. , USAA, Tesoro Petroleum Corporation, Southwest Research Institute, HE Butt Grocery Company and Clear Channel Communications.
Also located in the city is the South Texas Medical Center, the largest medical research center and the largest provider of healthcare services in South Texas.
In November 2006, the car manufacturer Toyota opened in San Antonio a manufacturing facility in the pickups (Model "Tundra " ) are produced.
- Worth seeing are the five Spanish missions, including the
- Mission San Antonio de Valero: founded in 1718, 1793, converted into a fort, the Alamo: was called ( Spanish " poplar " )
- Spanish Governor's Palace: Built in 1722
- San Fernando Cathedral 1873 completed
- Named the ' King William Quarter', a populated by German merchants in the late 19th century residential area in honor of King William I of Prussia (later Kaiser Wilhelm I ): historic King William District
- Tower of the Americas: the 228.6 -meter-high tower
- Riverwalk: the River Walk is a leading through the city center river walk along the San Antonio River, some five kilometers long in the core, surrounded by mature subtropical vegetation, cafes and boutiques. The construction of the promenade goes back to the 1920s and 30s, first for the sake of flow regulation, then the time of the Great Depression for the purpose of beautification and at the same time as job creation scheme ( under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration ).
The Riverwalk at night
See list on the right
Universities and professional schools
San Antonio has six universities, two of them are state, the other four are private universities. At the head of the State University of Texas at San Antonio ( UTSA ), founded in 1969, with 28,000 students is in 2006., The San Antonio College (SAC ) is also of great importance. This had about 24,000 students in 2006.
There are also vocational schools, mainly the institutions " ITT Tech " and " Hallmark Institute of Technologies ".
Sons and daughters:
- Florence Bates, actress
- Tully Blanchard, Wrestler
- Henry Cisneros, with the most important Latino politicians in the U.S. economy and Board
- Joan Crawford, movie actress
- Alejandro Escovedo, a musician, songwriter and singer
- Summer Glau, actress
- Lloyd Glenn, R & B musician and arranger
- Alberto R. Gonzales, lawyer and politician
- Pat Green, Country Singer
- Stephen Herek, Film Director / Writer / Producer
- Flaco Jiménez, Tex -Mex musician
- William Henry Keeler, Archbishop of Baltimore
- Callie Khouri, screenwriter and film director
- Katie Leclerc, actress
- Bruce McGill, actor
- Erica Mer, Film Actress
- Augie Meyers, musician
- Tommy Nobis, American football player
- Oliver North, an officer in the U.S. Marine
- Jared Padalecki, actor
- Robert Quiroga, Boxer
- Kevin Reynolds, film director and screenwriter, former Attorney
- James Roday, actor
- Michelle Rodríguez, actress
- Robert Rodriguez, director
- Doug Sahm, rock, blues and country musicians (Sir Douglas Quintet )
- David Scott, astronaut and seventh from the previous twelve people who have walked on the moon
- Lamar S. Smith, politicians
- Henry Thomas, actor
- Edward Higgins White, the first astronaut who floated freely in space
- Mike Wofford, Jazz Pianist
- Sydney Youngblood, singer
- Austin Mahone, singer