Yalta (Ukrainian and Russian Ялта; Yalta Crimean Tatar; Armenian Յալտա ) is a spa and holiday in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the south coast of the Crimean peninsula in the Black Sea. It has almost 80,000 inhabitants, about 140,000 people live in the agglomeration of Yalta.


The resort has about 80,000 inhabitants, of whom about two-thirds of Russians and Ukrainians are about 25 percent, the rest are Crimean Tatars and members of other nations. The lingua franca is Russian. A small group of Germans is organized in two cultural associations and also has a Protestant church. In the agglomeration Yalta about 140,000 people live.

Due to the location beyond the Crimean mountains Yalta is not connected to the railway network. For this is the city endpoint of the longest trolleybus line in the world. This is operated by the Company Krymskyj trolejbus and connects with Yalta Alushta and the railway station of Simferopol.

The location south of the Crimean mountains and a valley owes Yalta be very mild climate: The average temperature in February is 4 ° C. It rarely snows in Yalta, and the thin layer of snow thaws quickly again. The average temperature in July is about 24 ° C. The sun shines 2250 hours a year. As more steadily blowing a soft breeze from the Black Sea, it is never oppressively hot in Yalta. It has a subtropical climate.

Due to its favorable geographical location, Yalta has become a popular destination for tourists even during the time of the Soviet Union.

Many famous artists such as Chekhov, Tolstoy and Tchaikovsky have lived here.

Administratively divided the city into another city ( Alupka / Алупка ), in 21 settlements of urban type ( Berehove ( Берегове ) Wynohradne ( Виноградне ) Widradne ( Відрадне ) Voskhod ( Восход ) Gaspra ( Гаспра ) Holuba Zatoka ( Голуба Затока ), Gurzuf ( Гурзуф ) Kaziweli ( Кацівелі ) Korejis ( Кореїз ) Krasnokamjanka ( Краснокам'янка ) Kurpaty ( Курпати ), Livadia ( Лівадія ), Massandra ( Масандра ), Nikita ( Нікіта ) Oreanda ( Ореанда ) Parkowe ( Паркове ) Ponysiwka ( Понизівка ​​) Sanatorne ( Санаторне ) Simejis ( Сімеїз ) Sowjetske ( Совєтське ), Foros ( Форос ) ), a village ( Opolsnewe ( Оползневе ) ), and eight villages ( Wyssokohirne ( Високогірне ), brains ( Гірне ) Danyliwka ( Данилівка ) Kujbyschewe ( Куйбишеве ) Linijne ( Лінійне ) Olywa ( Олива ) Ochotnytsche ( Охотниче ) Partysanske ( Партизанське ) ).


The city was probably founded by the Tauris in the 6th century BC, which occupy graves in the slopes of Polikurowski hill northeast of the city. In the 5th century BC, the then Jalita colony of ancient Greece was then. The name Jalita probably comes from the Greek and means simply shore.

In the 6th century the city became part of the Byzantine Empire. The first written record was held by the Arab geographer Al Idrisi - in the 12th century - the settlement was then called Dschalita ( جاليطة Ǧaliṭah ). In the 14th century the settlement was a Genoese colony under the name Kaulita respectively. Etalita. In the 15th century, an earthquake destroyed Yalta. It was then part of the Ottoman Empire. 1837 City to a Russian district town was. 1848, the road was built to Sevastopol, opened in 1887 the first sanatorium.

Internationally known Yalta was the Yalta Conference, it was decided on from 4 to 11 February 1945, the fate of the soon defeated Germany. It involved the Allied leaders Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt, who divided the new world there.

Since 2004, every year in September, the Yalta meeting place, organized by the Victor Pinchuk Foundation, and the Yalta European Strategy (YES) in the southern Ukrainian city of Livadia.


  • Germany Baden -Baden, Germany
  • France Nice, France


  • Armenian Church
  • Botanical Garden Nikita ( on a slope to the sea, with over 50,000 plants from around the world )
  • Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
  • Chekhov House ( here lived the writer Anton Chekhov 1899-1904 )
  • Livadia Palace, site of the Yalta Conference in 1945
  • Organ Hall in Livadia
  • Massandra Palace (formerly Staatsdatscha of the Secretary of the CPSU since Josef Stalin )
  • Aj-Petri Mount ( 1233 m, cable car from the coast to the summit )
  • Wuchang- Su waterfall (one of the highest waterfalls in the Ukraine)
  • Swallow's Nest, private castle on the cliff


Sons and daughters of the town

  • Pavel Argeyev (1887-1922), a fighter pilot
  • Karl -Theodor Low ( b. 1937 ), Austrian canonists
  • Louis Hofbauer (1889-1932), Austrian painter
  • Viktor Kopp (1880-1930), Soviet diplomat
  • Val Lewton (1904-1951), American film producer
  • Dmitri Miliutin (1816-1920), Russian Minister of War, Field Marshal and military writer
  • Alla Nazimova (1879-1945), American actress
  • Serge Pimenov (1895-1960), Russian -born art director
  • Wira Rebryk (* 1989), Ukrainian javelin thrower
  • Julija Wakulenko ( b. 1983 ), Ukrainian tennis player


Russian Orthodox Church in Yalta

Botanic Garden in Yalta

Market Hall, Yalta

Meat market in the Market Hall, Yalta

Port, Yalta (July 1968)