Template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / height missing
? Aarhus or Århus / i, ( [ ɒ ː hu ː ˀ s]; oldest spelling Aros, German outdated: Arenhusen ) is at the Århusbucht in eastern Jutland region with 256 018 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) is the second largest city in Denmark. The Aarhus municipality has 319 094 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
The city has since 1928 a university, versatile industry and a seaport in the Kattegat.
- 7.1 railway
- 7.2 Air
- 7.3 street
- 7.4 ship
- 7.5 bus
- 7.6 Bicycle
- 9.1 Sons and daughters
- 9.2 people with relationship to the city
Aarhus is located in the eastern part of the Region Midtjylland on the Århusbucht, which is part of the Kattegat, the sea area between Jutland and the Swedish west coast. The city lies about 40 km east of Silkeborg, 50 north of Horsens and about 100 km south of Aalborg.
1050 attacked the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada of the city. Aarhus was 1060 again the bishop's residence was built in 1070 in the fast-growing town of Dom already outside the Walls in the new suburb. At the beginning of the 12th century was built north of the old walls, the next suburb and St. Oluf Church. As 1191 Peder Vagnsen bishop was, it ushered in a new development, and in 1203 began the construction of the present cathedral. The old cathedral was demolished, in its place was built in 1235 the Frue Kirke and a monastery of the Dominicans. 1477, the first wall section for new buildings was razed. In the 16th and 17th centuries Aarhus was a pretty significant regional maritime trading, but was back in the entire state under the Danish Crown far behind cities such as Copenhagen, Flensburg and founded in the 17th century Altona.
It was not until the mid-19th century, when the city became the center of the new road and rail network, Aarhus became the largest city in Jutland and soon surpassed the competitors Randers and Aalborg. The loss of the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, and thus the economic centers in the south of the existing general government strengthened the position of the city within Denmark.
The rapid growth continued in the 20th century and developed into a city of Aarhus. In 1928, the University of Aarhus was established as the second university in Denmark. The city is also the seat of the Graduate School of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Architecture, the State Academy of Music, Aarhus, and the drama and playwright school at Aarhus Theatre. Aarhus is indisputably the center of Jutland, although the city over the 2007 resolution Office Aarhus also has never been an administrative center.
On 27 October 2010 the Aarhus City Council decided against the votes of the bourgeois parties and the Enhedslisten, rückzubenennen the place name as of 1 January 2011 from Aarhus in Aarhus. This name can be easily written on each keypad that is based on the Latin script. With the measure, the politicians intended to position the city in international competition stronger. Although a decree of 1984 allowed local authorities to restore an old Aa notation, the official spelling of Dansk Sprognævn and the Danish place-names Commission ( Stednavneudvalget ) is decided. This will keep Århus as the main form while Aarhus will be added to the spelling dictionary in parentheses.
Aarhus has twinning following:
- Norway Bergen, Norway
- Sweden Gothenburg, Sweden
- Finland Turku, Finland
- Gronland Qaqortoq, Greenland
- People's Republic of China Harbin, People's Republic of China
- Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia
- Germany Rostock, Germany
In 1960, the city of Aarhus has been awarded the Europe Prize for their outstanding efforts to the European idea of integration. Here the Aarhus Convention was signed on 25 June 1998, which is the first international agreement since 2001 UNECE Convention, which attributes each person in Environmental Protection.
End of September 2011 presented the city with the Danish Ministry of Culture her application as a European Capital of Culture for 2017. On August 24, 2012, Aarhus won against Sønderborg ( Southern Denmark ), and the town in 2017, after the official appointment by the EU Council of Ministers in spring 2013 bear the title of European Capital of Culture.
Worth seeing are the open-air museum The Old Town, the Aarhus Cathedral with the high altar of Bernt Notke as well as the tombs and epitaphs of Thomas Quellinus, whose roots date back to the year 1201, St. Mary's church with its crypt, the Botanical Gardens and the Town Hall from 1941 ( architect Arne Jacobsen ), with its 60 m high bell tower. The Dukketeater Svalegangen is the only professional theater in Denmark paper.
The city has a very inharmonious by the rapid growth of the city. Individual featured typical half-timbered buildings can be found except in Den Gamle By still in the Mejlgade, Vestergade and Skolegade.
- In the immediate vicinity of the Hall Aarhus is the ARoS Aarhus Art Museum, which houses a large number of works by national and international artists.
- North of the city center is the spacious University Park, which houses the faculty building at the University of Aarhus. The spacious park with its two lakes in the center is a popular summer destination for all Aarhusianer.
- Also worth mentioning is the location in the southwest of the city Marselisborg, which serves as the residence of the royal family during the summer. In the presence of Danish Queen Margrethe II, the impressive parade takes to the changing of the guard every day at twelve o `clock. The park around the castle can be visited free of charge, when the royal family is not present. On the cathedral square stands the equestrian statue of King Christian X.
- Søsterhøj ( television tower): In Aarhus there is a not accessible to the public 216.1 meter high telecommunications tower, the Søsterhøj, which was built in 1956 as a hybrid tower ( concrete tower with mounted guyed radio mast ). Danmarks Radio broadcasts from there several FM stations, and the second television program.
- South of the city ( in Højbjerg ) is the Museum Moesgård.
- The dolmen of Årslev (Danish Årslev - Dyssen ) is one of the few dolmens in the region that has not been destroyed in the context of agriculture and expanding the city of Aarhus in Denmark.
- The Aarhus Cathedral opposite the Aarhus Teater, Art Nouveau, which was opened in 1900 and has five stages.
- The Aarhus Symphony Orchestra enjoys a beyond the borders of Denmark also reaching reputation.
- Train and Voxhall are popular concert venues.
- Every year in late summer, the Aarhus Festuge, an important art and cultural festival organized.
In Aarhus appear two major daily newspapers: the largest Danish newspaper, Jyllands-Posten, located in Aarhus Viby Aarhus and pin Tidende, a regional newspaper that focuses on Aarhus and its hinterland. There are also two regional radio and television stations: the regional station P4 Danmarks Radio operates with P4 Østjylland a local radio station in the city, whose area of distribution Aarhus and nine surrounding communities includes. And since 1986, where it maintains and the transmitter TV 2 with TV 2/Østjylland a regional studio, whose broadcasts were first aired in 1990. In addition, is operated by students of the universities of Aarhus, since February of 1996 the college radio station Aarhus Studenterradio.
Denmark's largest educational and research institution for journalism, Journalisthøjskolen ( before 2008 Danmarks Journalisthøjskole ), also has its headquarters in Aarhus.
Aarhus is the commercial center of Jutland. The main industries are machinery and textile industry (for example, the sporting goods manufacturer Hummel ). The port exports mainly agricultural products, while the main import commodities are coal and iron. Aarhus is also headquarters of the second largest Danish Brewery Group, the Bryggerigruppen ( " Ceres "). With " Stibo A / S", founded in 1794 as a printing house, sits one of the oldest companies that are internationally active in the software, IT and printing business today, in Aarhus.
As by far the largest city in Jutland, Aarhus is an important transportation center. Thus, the main Danish main railway Frederikshavn about Aalborg leads to Aarhus and on about Fredericia and Odense to Copenhagen. However, the Aarhus Central Station enforces a Zugwende, since only the distance to Grenaa leads east and the train station for all other connections is a railhead. However, the main routes to Silkeborg and Viborg branch off only in Skanderborg or Langå.
Since December 9, 2007 Aarhus is integrated on the main southern route towards Padborg with a link to Berlin via Hamburg with a daily pair of trains and another pair of trains to Hamburg only the ICE TD (diesel electric) directly into the German ICE network.
The regional Aarhus Airport (IATA: AAR, ICAO: EKAH ) is located about 36 km from Aarhus in Tirstrup. It has two parallel start and runways in an east-west direction, 10L/28R with a length of 2777 m and 10R/28L with a length of 2702 m.
The European route 45 as Denmark's main north - south route leads west pass close to Aarhus. An east -west highway to Herning is under construction. Well-maintained roads connect Aarhus with all important places in Central Jutland.
The marina is one in both the freight and ferry services to the largest in Denmark. Currently ( 2011) he has the largest container port in the country: About 50 percent of the container cargo of all Danish ports are handled here.
The inner-city public transport is operated since 1971 exclusively with diesel buses. The old name of the municipal transport company Sporveje Aarhus - today Midttrafik - still remembers the former tram, but that it had never operated more than two lines. The introduction of a light rail is seriously discussed for several years.
However, a common means of transportation is the bicycle. On specially constructed tracks next to the roadway for cars you can drive through the entire town. It is also possible to hire bicycles at various points of the city. This works on a deposit system similar to that of the cart. For 20 Danish kroner (about 3 euros ) deposit you can rent bikes for the time limit and leave them at one of the many rental points in the inner city.
- Atletion (formerly Aarhus Idrætspark ): In the south of the city Atletion is called sports center of the city, which has existed since 1920. The corresponding Stadium, the NRGi Park is the football club Aarhus GF, a multiple Danish champions and cup winners, used. Part of the Atletion Sports Centre is also the NRGi Arena. In the multi -purpose hall play among other handball and basketball teams from the top divisions in the country. In 2002 here was the Danish women's handball team European champion. Also the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships 2006 were held in the NRGi Arena. In 2005, the Table Tennis Championship took place in Atletion.
- The end of July / beginning of August 2006, found in and around Aarhus the world championships in orienteering.
- In August 2009, found in Aarhus AIDA Indoor World Championship in freediving with the three disciplines Statics, Dynamic with and without fins instead.
Sons and daughters
- Ole Rømer (1644-1710), Astronomer
- Karl Verner (1846-1896), linguist, discovered in 1875 was named after him Verner's Law
- Max Heindel (1865-1919), Danish / American engineer, author, Theosophist and Rosicrucian
- Hans Hartvig Seedorff Pedersen (1892-1986), poet
- Børge Gissel (1915-2002), racing cyclist
- Gabriel Axel ( born 1918 ), film director and screenwriter
- Thorkild Bjørnvig (1918-2004), poet, writer and translator of German poetry
- Kay Werner Nielsen ( born 1921 ), track cyclist
- Kai Winding (1922-1983), American jazz trombonist of Danish origin
- Bright Virkner (1925-2009), actress
- Bent Conradi ( born 1932 ), Danish actor
- Leif Hjernøe (* 1938), writer and presenter
- Jørgen Hansen ( born 1943 ), professional boxer
- Gitte Hænning ( born 1946 ), pop singer
- Bjarne Stroustrup ( born 1950 ), computer
- Anders Dahl -Nielsen ( born 1951 ), handball player, coach and functionary
- Peter Madsen (born 1958 ), cartoonist and film director
- Frank Pingel ( b. 1964 ), football player
- Lars Schandorff ( b. 1965 ), chess player
- Renée Toft Simonsen (born 1965 ), model and children's book author
- Charlotte Munck (born 1969 ), actress
- Stig Tøfting (born 1969 ), football player
- Jesper Bodilsen (born 1970 ), jazz musician
- Ari Behn (born 1972 ), Norwegian writer and Prince Consort
- Anne Mette Iversen (born 1972 ), jazz musician
- Katrine Madsen (born 1972 ), jazz musician
- Tayeb Braikia ( b. 1974 ), cyclist and cycling coach
- Ida Corr ( born 1977 ), singer
- Tina Dico ( born 1977 ), singer and songwriter
- Jesper Jensen ( b. 1977 ), handball players
- Thomas Røll ( b. 1977 ), football player
- Signe Egholm Olsen ( born 1980 ), actress
- Tommy Bechmann ( born 1981 ), football player
- Inez Bjørg David ( b. 1982 ), actress
- Medina ( b. 1982 ), singer
- Anna David ( born 1984 ), pop singer
- Susan Thorsgaard (* 1988), Women's Handball
- Viktor Fischer ( * 1994), football player
- Yahya Hassan (* 1995), poet and prose writer
People with relationship to the city
- Rudi Dutschke (1940-1979), spokesman for the West German student movement of the 1960s, died in Aarhus