Gerlos is a municipality with 759 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013 ) in the district of Schwaz in Tirol ( Austria ). The municipality is located in the judicial district of Zell am Ziller.
Gerlos is located in Gerlos valley, a side valley of the Ziller Valley branches off near Zell am Ziller to the east. The settlement extends over several hamlets along the road to the Gerlos Pass on the 1200 m high valley ( Schwarzach, Gmünd, Ried, Au, Mitterhof, Oberhof, Innertal ). The municipality is bordered to the east by the province of Salzburg. To the east of Gerlos opens the Schoenach in the Gerlosbach.
The name Gerlos is Illyrian origin and was called in early times still " Gerlais ", the Gerlos Pass was 1154/1156 first documented as " saltus Gerrlaise ", at the same time, the forest area as " silvam cui nomen Gerleis ". From the 9th century the bishopric of Salzburg held the primary and sovereign rights in the Zillertal (as in Gerlos ), it developed a brisk trade over the pass. In the 14th century tributary Schwaighöfe were created. During this time, the run in this space gold mining became an economic importance.
A major role was played by the Pass as a strategic transition between Tyrol and Salzburg at the Tyrolean struggle for freedom 1809. In 1816, the border between Tyrol and Salzburg was finalized at the summit. Only in the 1960s, the Gerlosstraße was extended on both sides and provides a connection to the famous Krimml waterfalls. In the course of road development and the annual storage Durlaßboden with the power plant Funsingau and the weekly memory Gmünd Gerlosstrasse power plants has been created ( the power house is located in a mountain tube ).
In addition to the production of electrical energy and agriculture / Serviced especially tourism plays with the ski area "Zillertal Arena " a role, which helps Gerlos the third- highest number of overnight stays in the Zillertal to Mayrhofen and Tux.
Culture and sights
The only significant landmark in the city, the baroque church from 1735; they were built in the place of a Gothic previous building from the 15th century and is located on the main road in the community town of Au.
- Franz Hoerl (* 1956), politician
- Anja Haas (born 1971 ), alpine skier
- Berthold Beitz (1913-2013), co-founder of the ski area and initiator of the hunt