Hugh Buchanan ( born September 15, 1823 in Argyllshire, Scotland, † June 11, 1890 in Newnan, Georgia ) was an American politician. Between 1881 and 1885 he represented the state of Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Even in his youth, Hugh Buchanan came from Scotland to the United States, where he attended the public schools in Vermont. After a subsequent study of law and its made in 1845 admitted to the bar he began to work in his new profession from 1846 in Newnan. Politically, he was a member of the Democratic Party. In the years 1855 and 1857 he sat in the Senate of Georgia. In 1856 he was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Cincinnati, on which was not nominated its relative, James Buchanan as their presidential candidate of the party. In the presidential election of 1860 he was an elector for John C. Breckinridge. During the Civil War he served as a soldier in the army of the Confederacy.
Immediately after the war he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives but were not admitted because the State of Georgia had not yet been received at this time back into the Union. Between 1872 and 1880 Buchanan was district judge in Coweta County. In 1868 he was again a delegate to the national convention of the Democrats; in 1877 he was a member of a meeting on the revision of the Constitution of Georgia.
In the congressional elections of 1880 he was in the fourth electoral district of Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Henry Persons on March 4, 1881. After a re-election in 1882 he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1885 two legislative sessions. In 1884, Buchanan gave up another candidacy. After his retirement from the U.S. House of Representatives, he retired from politics. He died on June 11, 1890 in Newnan.