James Johnson (Georgia)
Johnson studied until 1832 at the University of Georgia Law. After his admission to the bar he opened in 1835 in Columbus a law firm, and later he also worked as a prosecutor. In 1851 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. There he remained until 1853. As a Unionist, he was against the withdrawal of Georgia from the Union.
After the Civil War he was appointed by President Andrew Johnson as provisional governor of Georgia. He held from June to October 1865 This Office. His task was to collapsed after the war administration of the State to rebuild. He remained until the convening of a constituent assembly in October in office. This meeting recanted the secession decision of 1861 and adopted a new constitution for Georgia. James Johnson competed in 1866 unsuccessfully for a seat in the Senate of the United States.
Between 1866 and 1869 Johnson was a tax collector in Savannah. From 1869 to 1875 he acted as a judge at the Supreme Court of Georgia. After leaving that office, he worked as a lawyer again. He died on November 20, 1891 on his plantation in Ohio.