William Wyatt Bibb

William Wyatt Bibb (* October 2, 1781 in Amelia County, Virginia; † July 10, 1820 in Elmore County, Alabama ) was an American politician and the first governor of the state of Alabama. He also represented the State of Georgia in both chambers of Congress.

Early years

Bibb moved at a young age with his parents to Georgia. After primary school he attended William and Mary College and the University of Pennsylvania, where he completed his medical studies in 1801. Then he went back to Georgia, opened his own medical practice in St. Petersburg and married Mary Freeman, with whom he then had two children.

Political career

Bibb decided in 1803 to go into politics and was elected to the Democratic- Republican Party in the House of Representatives of Georgia, where he remained until 1805. At this time he was selected for the retired Thomas Spalding House of Representatives of the 9th Congress; re-elected several times he remained until November 6, 1813 in office. In the same year Bibb was chosen for the Minister of War appointed William Harris Crawford in the U.S. Senate and served as a Senator until November 9 1816.

In April 1817, he was employed as the first governor of the newly created Alabama Territory by President James Monroe. Just before joining Alabama on December 14, 1819 as the 21 State of the Union, was an election held at the Office of the Governor of Alabama. There Bibb continued with 8342 through to 7140 votes against Marmaduke Williams and was born on September 21, 1819, indirectly, the first governor of the State of Alabama later. His swearing-in ceremony took place on 9 November 1819. During his tenure, the establishment of the new State Government was his primary concern. The first U.S. Senators from Alabama were chosen, and the Attorney General ( Attorney General ) and the executive officials ( Secretary of State ). The Parliament met on 25 October 1819 its first session, which lasted until 17 December 1819. The state militia was established, and the state Supreme Court

Bibb strongly supported education and the domestic political changes. He actively participated in the preparations to make Cahaba seat of government. However, he did not live there, that Cahaba became the new capital of the country. In early July 1820, he had a riding accident in which he drew upon serious internal injuries, where he few days later, on July 10, died. He was buried in Elmore County. The office as governor led to the end of the legislative term, his brother Thomas Bibb on, who held the chair of the Senate of Alabama.


Both the Bibb County in Alabama and the Bibb County, Georgia are named after William Wyatt Bibb.