Anthony Wayne

Anthony Wayne ( born January 1, 1745 in East Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, † December 15, 1796 in Erie, Pennsylvania), known as " Mad Anthony" ( Mad Anthony ), was an American general and politician.


Wayne took both the War of Independence of the United States against the British crown in part, as well as to the Indian Wars. In 1775 he was elected to the colonial Parliament of Pennsylvania, but after a year he joined the army. On January 3, 1776, he was appointed colonel and given command of the Fourth Pennsylvania Battalion. In February of the following year he was promoted to brigadier general. In 1779 he took over the command of a corps of light infantry. With this unit he took on July 16, in a surprise attack the British posts Stony Point, New York, a. In 1781 he served under La Fayette. In 1782 he defeated the Muskogee Indians. A year later he resigned as Major General of the Army.

Until 1792, he led a hapless civilian life. Among other things, he was selected for the State of Georgia in the Congress of the United States, lost his seat but after a few months. On March 5, 1792, Congress drew up a new army - the Legion of the United States - and President George Washington appointed Wayne to their commander. On August 20, 1794 Wayne's troops defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers the warriors of an alliance of Indian nations. In 1796 he accepted the surrender of the British forts along the Great Lakes.

Anthony Wayne was the father of Congressman Isaac Wayne (1772-1852) from Pennsylvania.


In honor of Wayne's wearing several U.S. counties named:

  • Wayne County, Georgia
  • Wayne County, Illinois
  • Wayne County, Indiana
  • Wayne County, Iowa
  • Wayne County, Kentucky
  • Wayne County, Michigan
  • Wayne County, Mississippi
  • Wayne County, Missouri
  • Wayne County, Nebraska
  • Wayne County, New York
  • Wayne County, Ohio
  • Wayne County, Pennsylvania
  • Wayne County, West Virginia,

And the city of Fort Wayne in Indiana, which is also named after him.