Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / old parameter despite LAU
Template: Infobox Municipio / Maintenance / Administration Name is empty
Template: Infobox Municipio / maintenance / management address is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / No Freguesia
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / card is blank Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / old parameter despite LAU
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Height is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / mayor is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / road is empty
Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank
Lamego is a city ( Cidade ) and a circle ( concelho ) in the district of Viseu, a few kilometers south of the Douro river in northern Portugal. The city is the seat of a Catholic diocese. It is part of the speech de Judiarias, an association of places with a historically significant Jewish community. It also belongs to the Upper Douro Valley, the first origin protected wine region in the world in 1756, and the UNESCO World Heritage since 2001.
The place was probably originally settled by Celtiberian Turdulen, and also existed in Roman times. When the king of the Western Goth, Reccared I, converted to Christianity, became Christian in the sequence also Lamego. For the first time 570 Lamego was mentioned as a bishopric in the year, with his bishop Sardinário. Up to 621 King Sisebut coined coins here, underlining the former importance of the place.
The Arabs conquered Lamego in the course of their conquest in the 8th century. The city fell after the arrival of the Reconquista times to the Christian conquerors and back to the Moors, to definitely took Ferdinand I of León Lamego on 29 November 1057. The city became a bishopric again until 1071 (see also List of bishops of Lamego ). The first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques ( Portuguese: D.Afonso Henriques ), was confirmed in 1143 ceremoniously by the Assembly of the Cortes ( stands) to Lamego. Alfonso I gave the new kingdom of the so-called " fundamental laws of Lamego " ( 1181 ) and called it "Portugal" for the name of the county Portocale.
In the years 1191 and 1290 Lamego received further rights, including rights market, the further revaluing the place, and in particular attracted traders with oriental fabrics and spices from many parts of the Iberian Peninsula, so from Castile and the Emirate of Granada. In the 15th century, the city benefited in particular from its advantageous location on the main trade routes of the country, however, the onset Portuguese expeditions then the trade routes articulated to, whereby the local trade now increasingly lost importance. Renewed in 1514 King Manuel I. municipal rights Lamego.
During the tenure of Bishop Manuel de Noronha (1551-1564), a construction boom, especially the Sanctuary of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Fátima started is to call. During the 17th and 18th centuries came to a number of mansions that were mainly built by the active in the emerging wine-growing families. The Law of 10 September 1756 Marquês de Pombal, the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas then managed to do Alto Douro, which received the monopoly of the wine district of Alto Douro. It was the first protected wine region in the world. As a result, the region fell further upswing, which also Lamego benefited greatly.
1835 districts were created in the course of administrative reform. Lamego became the seat of a district, but this was postponed due to the more central location to Viseu. In the second half of the 19th century Lamego then experienced a series of urban development measures, in particular, created the broad avenues of today's cityscape.
- The Shrine of Nossa Senhora dos Remedios, built over a rococo chapel from 1761, is located on a hill southwest of the city. As an extension of the main road Lamego performs a 686 -step double staircase to the pilgrimage chapel.
- The gothic cathedral in the city ( Sè ) is the principal church of the diocese. She was greatly changed in the 16th and 17th centuries.
- From the castle overlooking the town is the keep of the 13th century preserved.
- In the former Bishop's Palace is a museum.
Cathedral of Lamego
The Municipal Museum (Museu de Lamego )
The Teatro Ribeiro da Conceição
Located in the historic center
Lamego is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Mesão Frio, Peso da Régua, Armamar, Tarouca, Castro Daire and Resende.
The following parishes ( freguesias ) lying in circle Lamego:
- Ferreiros de Avões
- Parada do Bispo
- Sé ( Lamego )
- Várzea de Abrunhais
- Vila Nova de Souto d' El- Rei
- France France: Bouchemaine in the department of Maine -et -Loire
Sons and daughters
- Marcos Teixeira de Mendonça (1578-1641), Bishop of Salvador da Bahia, figure of resistance against the Dutch
- Fra ' Manuel Pinto de Fonseca (1681-1773), 68th Grand Master of the Order of Malta
- Francisco Eduardo da Costa (1819-1850), pianist and composer
- Afonso de Castro (1824-1885), governor of Portuguese Timor
- Augusto José Guedes Teixeira (1843-1890), lawyer, entrepreneur and a major mayor Lamego
- José Agostinho de Oliveira (1866-1938), critic, author and playwright
- Alfredo Cardoso de Soveral Martins (1869-1938), naval officer and colonial administrator
- Fausto Guedes Teixeira (1871-1940), poet
- José de Matos Sobral Cid (1877-1941), physician and politician
- Fernando Correia Dias (1892-1935), cartoonist and visual artist
- Armando de Almeida Fernandes (1917-2002), historian
- José Maria Pedroto (1928-1985), football player and coach
- Mário Lemos Pires (1930-2009), governor of Portuguese Timor
- João Botelho ( born 1949 ), film director
- Joaquim Sarmento ( b. 1952 ), politician and writer
- Francisco Laranjo ( born 1955 ), Painter
- João Paulo Costa ( born 1955 ), stage actor and director
- Manuel António Mendes dos Santos ( born 1960 ), Bishop of São Tomé and Príncipe
- Álvaro Magalhães ( b. 1961 ), Portuguese footballer and football coach.
- Francisco Miguel Soares da Silva (born 1978 ), football player