Pak Phanang District

Amphoe Pak Phanang ( Thai: อำเภอ ปากพนัง ) is a district ( Amphoe - administrative district ) in the southern province of Nakhon Si Thammarat. The Nakhon Si Thammarat province is located in the southern region of Thailand, about 780 km south of Bangkok on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula to the Gulf of Thailand.


The name Pak Phanag means " Protected mouth ". This refers to the mouth of Maenam Phanang Pak (Pak Phanang River, Thai: แม่น้ำ ปากพนัง ), which is protected from the open sea by a long peninsula.


Neighbouring districts (from the south clockwise): Amphoe Hua Sai the Chian Yai, Phra Kiat Chaloem Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat and. All Amphoe located in the province of Nakhon Si Thammarat. To the east is the Gulf of Thailand.

A geographic feature is the long, narrow peninsula Talumphuk ( Thai: แหลม ตะลุมพุก ), which was formed by sediments from the northern flow mainly in the Gulf of Thailand in conjunction with the outflow of water from the Pak Phanang River. The shallow bay, is limited by the peninsula, at the mouth of the river, about three kilometers and at the end of the peninsula ten kilometers wide. The coast of the bay originally consisted of mud flats and mangrove forests. Today, however, much of the original landscape in shrimp farms was transformed.


During the Thesaphiban - administrative reform a district was created in 1895, which was called Bia Sad ( เบิ้ ย ​​ซัด ) .. On March 22, 1903, he was renamed Pak Phang. This name was bereitsa mentioned in 1665 for this area.

On October 25, 1962 Tropical Storm Harriet reached the county. The low-lying peninsula Talumphuk was completely devastated by the storm, the city Pak Phanang was flooded. The water was high in up to four meters, which is about 1,000 people living cost. King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX. ) Immediately called for a public fundraiser. Of the three million baht that were left after the first direct aid, a foundation that " Rajaprajanugroh Foundation " was founded.


Amphoe Ron Phibun is divided into 18 communes ( tambon), which in turn in 133 villages ( Muban ) are divided.

Pak Phanang even has a town status ( thesaban Mueang ), it consists of the whole Tambon Pak Phanang and parts of the tambon Hu Long, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Tok, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Ok and Bang Phra.

There are also 17 " Tambon Administrative Organizations" (TAO, องค์การ บริหาร ส่วน ตำบล - administrative organizations) in the district.


  • Boromthanarat, S., Cobb, S., Lee, V. (1991). Coastal Management in Pak Phanang: A Historical Perspective of the Resources and Issues. Hat Yai, Thailand: Coastal Resources Institute, Prince of Songkla University