Palma, Majorca

Palma de Mallorca (Catalan also Ciutat ( de Mallorca) ), called in the years 2008 to 2011, only Palma is the capital of the Spanish Mediterranean island of Majorca and seat of government of the Balearic Islands.

Palma de Mallorca is the power center of the Balearic Islands, where next to the Government and the largest port, the largest airport and most infrastructure facilities are located. In addition, the city is a magnet for tourists, as offered here mainly of the scattered on the island hotels excursions.

In early October 2008, the "de Majorca " was the name of the city and the municipality of Palma deleted from the Spanish municipal registers. In order for a dating Direction of 1998 application was implemented. The reigning since summer 2011 new city government in Palma de Mallorca has the undone by a city council decision on November 16, 2011. The city's official name is since November 16, 2011 re Palma de Mallorca.

  • 2.1 residents
  • 2.2 nationalities
  • 4.1 Sport
  • 5.1 traffic
  • 5.2 Media
  • 5.3 -resident institutions
  • 6.1 Sons and daughters of the town
  • 6.2 personalities who were active in the city


Palma de Mallorca extends along the Bay of Palma on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the west of the island. The agglomeration of the city is about 30 kilometers long and along the coast of Magaluf in the west to Arenal in the east. Here live with about 500,000 inhabitants, more than half of the inhabitants of Majorca.

Located northwest of the city lies the Serra de Tramuntana and northeast several smaller hills, Palma de Mallorca separate from the central level of Mallorca. To the east stretches along the coast of the sandy beach Platja de Palma about ten kilometers to Arenal. To the west lies the bay of Cala Major.

The center of the town is the historic old town within the city walls demolished in 1902, whose course is today followed suit from the city ring road. The following is an approximately one to two kilometers wide belt of dense urban development, among other things, includes the port located in the southwest and is surrounded by the beltway. Outside of the ring road ( Ma-20 ), the suburbs and industrial areas, some of which are incorporated into and form part own communities such as Marratxí.

In addition, the south to Mallorca island Cabrera administratively belongs to the municipality of Palma de Mallorca.


In addition to the core of Palma are in the community for about 30 other towns of different sizes. For the city include the following locations and districts:

  • Can Pastilla (5133/5175 inhabitants)
  • There Coll de'n Rabassa ( 10,208 / 10,273 inhabitants)
  • Es Pil · lari (859/1218 inhabitants)
  • It Secar de la Real (2998/5011 inhabitants) Can Moreno ( no residents)
  • Son Serra Perera ( 742 inhabitants)
  • Establiments Nou (158 inhabitants)
  • Son Espanyol (621 inhabitants)
  • Las Maravillas ( 4179 inhabitants)
  • Arenal ( 6257 inhabitants)
  • Ses Cadenes (342 inhabitants)
  • El Pinaret (94 inhabitants)
  • Sa Creu Vermella (- / 8383 inhabitants) El Turo (255 inhabitants)
  • L' Hostalot ( 464 inhabitants)
  • Son Ferriol ( 6169 inhabitants)
  • Son Riera (371 inhabitants)
  • Poligon Industrial de Son Castel ( 66 inhabitants)
  • Son Gual (200 inhabitants)
  • Poligon Industrial de Can Valero (33 inhabitants)
  • Son Roca - Son Ximelis ( 4532 inhabitants)
  • Son Vida (435 inhabitants)
  • La Garriga ( 383 inhabitants)
  • Son Besso (210 inhabitants)

The population figures in brackets are from 1 January 2008. The first number indicates the inhabitants of the built-up areas where the second number the inhabitants of places including the hinzuzurechnenden " scattered " population living outside the actual settlements. (Source: INE )

The communal boundaries of the city comprises five districts, regardless of barriadas 7, and at the lowest level 89 units ( 85 barris and 4 other zones).




Palma de Mallorca is with 398 162 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in terms of population, the largest, with 208.7 km ² to Llucmajor and Manacor in area the third largest municipality in Mallorca. The core city has 298,776 inhabitants ( 2008).

The annual population growth rate of 2.5 % (average 2001-2008 ) is mainly due to the strong foreign immigration. As a result, the proportion of native decreased especially in recent years. Today there are still 52.1 % of the population native to the Balearic Islands, 45.2 % from Palma. 25.7 % of residents are in the rest of Spain and 22.2 % foreign-born.

A / s inhabitants / in Palma called Catalan palmesà / palmesana (or locally ciutadà / Ciutadana ) and Spanish Palmesano / palmesana.

Development of the Population:

Between 1910 and 1920 the population increased by the incorporation of Establiments.

The proportion of foreigners is 19.5 % (2008, only main residence) and is rising sharply. Alone between 2000 and 2008, the number of foreigners has increased six-fold. The proportion of foreign-born people is 22.2%, most of which come from Latin America ( 11.3%).

Development the proportion of foreigners:


In the year 123 BC, Quintus Caecilius Metellus conquered with his fleet since 5000 BC ( Talayotic ) populated island of Mallorca. One of his first official acts of the Roman consul founded the city of Palma (then under the name Palmaria palmensis ). After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 4th century saw the beginning of the decline of the city, which was only stopped with the conquest by the Arabs, 903. They built in Palma on an Arab- Islamic culture and were expelled in 1229 by the Aragonese of the island. Then the kingdom of Mallorca was founded ( 1276), which, however, in 1343 after the extinction of the ruler line again dropped back to the House of Aragon. The Aragonese built the city, including through the establishment of the La Seu Cathedral and the city wall, so that it in its heyday in the 16th century had about 40,000 inhabitants. Together with Aragon came to the island to Spain, to which it belongs today. A new boom began in the early 20th century, when many buildings were in a modernist style. After the Second World War, mass tourism began in Mallorca, which has since offered the city a good economic base.

Culture and sights

The main attraction of the city is the Gothic Cathedral La Seu in the south of the old city near the sea. In addition, located in the Old Town 31 more, mostly Gothic churches such as the Basilica of Sant Francesc. Next to the Cathedral is the palace of the King of Spain serves as the residence when visiting the Balearic Islands.

The old town of Palma de Mallorca is a stylistic mix of Spanish- Catalan and Arabic influences; they do is known for its numerous narrow streets, some of which are connected only by stairs. Thus, the old town is largely car-free, apart from a few thoroughfares. Its center is the Plaça Major. Southwest outside the town above the harbor, the Bellver Castle, a medieval castle rises.

Llotja dels Mercaders, not far from the harbor and the cathedral, is another masterpiece of bourgeois, Gothic Architecture of Palma is the former residence of the maritime trade. Built by the architect Guillem Sagrera from Felanitx who was also involved in the construction of the Gothic cathedral of La Seu.

In Palma de Mallorca 's Cala Major Subdivision, worked and died, the Catalan painter Joan Miró. In the house of his studio, where in addition to the studio also selected works can be visited today the seat of the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró a Mallorca Foundation is housed. In Palma there is next to a museum for contemporary art, the Baluard.

Especially in Germany the Ballermann 6 ( German slang for Balneario 6 of Platja de Palma ) is known, a beach bar, which is located east of the city center on the beach of Palma on the territory of the village of Arenal near the airport, Aeroport de Son Sant Joan. In the neighborhood there are many hotel facilities, restaurants, bars and nightclubs. The municipality of Palma de Mallorca has a total of 13 controlled and supervised beaches.


In Palma de Mallorca each year are held two major marathon events. In March starts each of the Ciutat Marathon ( Half Marathon ) and in each October, the large TUI Marathon Mallorca Marathon takes place. Well-known sports clubs in the city are the volleyball club Portol Drac Palma Mallorca and the football club RCD Mallorca, whose home stadium is the ONO Estadi.

Economy and infrastructure

Palma de Mallorca is a service town. Dominant economic sectors are tourism, commerce ( marketing of local agricultural products ), management, and traffic (port and airport ). Since the 1970s, may settle any more industrial enterprises, which is why these migrated into the communities of the northeastern hinterland to the municipality of Palma de Mallorca.


Palma is the transportation hub of the Balearic Islands. Roads connect the city with all parts of Mallorca. Highways leading to Peguera in the west ( Ma-1 ), Alcudia in the north- east ( Ma -13), Llucmajor in the south east ( MA-19 ) and as an urban motorway to Palma (MA -20). An expressway is to Manacor in the east (Ma -15).

Public transport on the island consists of a bus and a railway network, which is currently being expanded. In the city, there is a dense city bus and the Metro opened in 2007, de Palma. In 1891 there were in Palma a tram which was operated by the Sociedad de Mallorcan Tranvías. It was electrically operated from 1916, but in 1959 shut down the lines due to unprofitability. Currently, a new tram line in planning, Tram Badia ( "Bay Tram " ), which will connect the city center of Plaça d' Espanya over Portitxol Coll d' en Rabassa and with the airport. For the project, 207 million euros have been estimated. Construction of the 10.8 km long route is planned before the end of 2011.

With the European mainland Palma de Mallorca is about ferry services to the cities of the Spanish Mediterranean coast and the Palma de Mallorca airport, served by the almost all airports of Europe, connected. 2007, Spain's third largest airport 23.2 million passengers, in order of magnitude between the airports of Dusseldorf (2006: 16.6 million) and Munich ( 2006: 30.8 million ) is located. By far the most differentiated network offers here at airberlin, which operates at the airport one of its largest hubs.


In Palma de Mallorca several Spanish print media, including newspapers Ultima Hora appear ( largest circulation ), El Mundo Balear, Diario de Mallorca, and a daily newspaper in Catalan: dBalears - Diari de Balears. Also appears daily English newspaper Majorca Daily Bulletin. The two German-language weekly newspapers Mallorca Majorca Magazine and newspaper providing residents, vacationers and travelers with current and important information.

Even the German -speaking island of Mallorca Radio 95.8 The Island Radio is based in Palma. More than 15 Spanish and Catalan radio stations offer in Palma de Mallorca, on the island of Mallorca and the Balearic Islands, an extensive music and radio program.

Resident institutions

In addition to the island government of the Balearic Islands, Palma is the seat of the Bishop of Mallorca and the University of the Balearic Islands. In Palma de Mallorca is also a German school.


Sons and daughters of the town

  • Juan José Pérez Hernández, discovered the coasts of Oregon, Washington and British Columbia ( about 1725-1775 )
  • Ramon Llull (1232-1316), Catalan philosopher, theologian and logician
  • Guillem Mesquida i Munar (1675-1747), painter of the Baroque
  • Tomás Aguiló i Forteza (1812-1884), poet, writer and journalist
  • Antoni Ignasi Cervera (1825-1860), journalist and publisher
  • Emili Pou y Bonet (1830-1888), engineer and port - builder
  • Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau (1838-1930), General and Governor
  • Eusebi Estada i Sureda (1843-1917), engineer and pioneer of the transportation infrastructure
  • Uetam (1847-1913), opera singer
  • Joan Alcover i Maspons (1854-1926), poet and politician
  • Gaspar Bennàssar i Moner (1869-1933), an important architect of the city of Palma
  • Arturo Pomar Salamanca ( * 1931), chess master
  • Maria del Mar Bonet ( born 1947 ), singer
  • Carme Riera ( b. 1948 ), writer and literary scholar
  • Agustí Fernández (born 1954 ), pianist and composer
  • Jaume Matas (born 1954 ), politician
  • Miguel Ángel Velasco (1963-2010), writer
  • Rossy de Palma (born 1964 ), actress
  • DJ Sammy (* 1969), DJ and music producer
  • Antonio Tauler ( b. 1974 ), cyclist
  • Carlos Moyá (born 1976 ), tennis player
  • Rudy Fernández ( born 1985 ), basketball player
  • Juanan (* 1987), football player
  • Jorge Lorenzo ( * 1987), motorcycle racer
  • Miquel Julia Perello (* 1988), race car driver
  • Alejandro Abrines Redondo (* 1993), basketball player

Personalities who were active in the city

  • Avram Cresques (around 1325-1387 ), cartographer
  • Jude Cresques (around 1350-1427 ), cartographer
  • Guillem Sagrera (around 1420-1440 ), sculptor and architect of the Gothic.
  • Joan Miró (1893-1983), painter and sculptor
  • Josep Maria Quadrado i Nieto (around 1820-1896 ), historian, writer and publicist
  • Just Béla (1906-1954), exile, Hungarian writers