The district Tiruvannamalai (Tamil: திருவண்ணாமலை மாவட்டம், also: Thiruvannamalai ) is a district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Administrative center of the district is the eponymous town of Tiruvannamalai.
The district Tiruvannamalai is located in the northeastern inland areas of Tamil Nadu. Neighboring districts are Kanchipuram in the east, Viluppuram in the south, in the west of Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri and Vellore in north-west to the north. With an area of 6,188 square kilometers, is the third largest district of Tiruvannamalai district of Tamil Nadu.
The area of the district consists of flat plains, from which rise isolated hills. In the northwest, on the border of Vellore district are the Javadi Hills, an isolated foothills of the Eastern Ghats. The town of Tiruvannamalai is located at the foot of the 980 meter high mountain Arunachala. Through the district, the rivers flow and Cheyyar Ponnaiyar.
The district Tiruvannamalai is divided into seven taluks Chengam, Thandarampattu, Tiruvannamalai, Polur, Arani, Vandavasi and Cheyyar.
The area of present-day Tiruvannamalai district came at the end of the 9th century under the control of the northward expanding the Chola Empire. In the 10th century, the area was temporarily under the rule of the central Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty before the Cholas during the reign Rajarajas reconquered I. Tiruvannamalai. From the 13th century the territory of several successive empires dominated: the Pandya, Hoysala, Vijayanagar and finally the Nayaks. In the 18th century the colonial powers, Britain and France struggled in the Carnatic wars for supremacy in South India. 1760 the British succeeded in the Battle of Wandiwash ( Vandavasi ) a decisive victory, with which they consolidated their rule.
After the British had brought the area of Tiruvannamalai under their rule, they annexed it as part of the district of North Arcot in the province of Madras. After the Indian independence in 1956, the area was a part of the newly formed State of Madras (now Tamil Nadu ). 1989, the District of North Arcot was in the districts of North Arcot Ambedkar (now Vellore district ) (now Tiruvannamalai district ) divided and Tiruvannamalai - Sambuvarayar.
According to the Indian census of 2011, the District Tiruvannamalai has 2,468,965 inhabitants. m compared to the last 2001 census, the population had grown by 12.9 per cent, slightly slower in the middle of the state ( 15.5 percent). The population density is 399 inhabitants, less than the average for Tamil Nadu ( 555 inhabitants per square kilometer). The literacy rate is 74.7 percent, well below the mean of the state ( 80.3 percent) and only slightly above the all-India average ( 74.0 percent). The district is rural: only 20.1 percent of the population live in cities. The degree of urbanization is significantly lower than the average of Tamil Nadu ( 48.5 per cent). According to the 2001 census, nearly three-quarters of the working population is employed in agriculture.
The population of the district according to the 2001 census, Hindus represent 93.4 percent of the vast majority. There are also minorities of Muslims ( 3.6 per cent ) and Christians (2.5 percent). Members of the tribal population ( Adivasis ) represent 3.3 percent of the population of the district Tiruvannamalai. The two largest tribes are the Malayali with approximately 46,000 and the Irular with nearly 20,000 members.