Voiced alveolar fricative
The voiced alveolar fricative ( voiced, in the alveoli educated fricative ) has in different languages following phonetic and orthographic realizations:
- German [z ]: s in initial position before a vowel between two vowels between [l ], [ m], [n ], [ ŋ ], [ r] and a vowel, as well as before [l ], [ m], [n ], [ r], if there is a related word form in which schwa is spoken before that consonant. Examples: Sage [za ː gə ] or [ZA g̥ə ː ], rabbit [ha ː zə ] or [ha ː zə ], our [ ʊnzɐ ], gift [ mɪtbʁɪŋzl ̩ ], Pilsner [ p ʰ ɪlznɐ ], our [ ʊnzʁə ]
- English [ z]: z, x in the initial sound, sometimes s after vowels. Examples: lazy [ leɪzi ], zoom [ to ː m], xylophone [ zaɪləfoʊn ] ease [i ː z]
- Examples: zéro [ zeʀo ], rose [ ʀoz ]
- Examples: because [za: ˧ ], ' leather, skin '; giang [ Zan ˧ ], ' river'