Courmayeur is a town in the autonomous region of Aosta Valley in the Italian Alps. It has 2 836 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) and an area of 210 km ².
Courmayeur is also known as the unofficial capital of the mountaineers due to its location and is one of the oldest and most famous tourist resorts of the Alps. Just behind Courmayeur starts the entrance to the Mont Blanc Tunnel.
Courmayeur is located 10 km southeast of Mont Blanc and Mont Blanc de Courmayeur gives its name. Here the Aosta Valley begins under the wall of the Mont Blanc. At the foot of the mountain range are the first two side valleys of the Valle d'Aosta:
The Val Veny comes down from the southwest. At the upper end of the valley basin of Combal, a silted lake, which, along with the Miage lake (2020 m asl ) one of the headwaters of the Dora Baltea is. The Val Ferret comes from the northeast down under the peaks of Mont Dolent and the Grandes Jorasses through and is navigable for a distance of 14 km to the hamlet Arnouvaz.
Both valleys can be completely traversed on the Loop Trail Tour du Mont- Blanc.
Courmayeur consists of the districts Dolonne ( Dolénna ) Entrèves ( Éntréve ), La Palud (La Palu ), Villair lingerie (Lo Vele - DEZO ) Villair Dessus (Lo - Vele Damon ), Larzey (Lo Lazèi ) Entrelevie ( Éntrelvie ), La Villette (La Veletta ) and La Saxe (La Saha ). The neighboring municipalities are Bourg -Saint- Maurice ( France), Chamonix, France, La Salle, La Thuile, Les Contamines -Montjoie (France), Morgex, Orsières ( Switzerland ), Pré -Saint- Didier, Saint- Gervais- les- Bains (France) and Saint- Rhémy -en -Bosses.
From the hamlet of Entrèves ( 3 km north of Courmayeur ), a cable railway in several sections throughout the massif of Mont Blanc to Chamonix. The one and a half hour ride on the Glacier du Géant, the headwaters of the Mer de Glace, can be interrupted at several intermediate stations: Mont Fréty ( 2174 m), Hotel Torino ( 3371 m), Pointe Helbronner ( 3462 m), Aiguille du Midi ( 3795 m ) and plan de l' Aiguille ( 2310 m).
Between 1939 and 1946 it received the Italianate name Cormaiore.
The most important industry is tourism. Already in the 18th and 19th centuries visited well-known personalities Courmayeur, so in 1850, Victor Emmanuel II