The district of Ebersberg is located east of Munich in the district of Upper Bavaria. With an area of 549.3 square kilometers, it is one of the smaller counties in Germany, but has a higher than average population density of around 131,000 inhabitants on. Seat of the district is the town of Ebersberg.
- 2.1 Development
- 2.2 Foreign population
- 3.1 Coat of Arms
- 4.1 Kreistag
- 4.2 District
- 5.1 traffic
The circular area covers the west of Munich gravel plain with the Ebersberg Forest, one of the largest contiguous forest areas in southern Germany, in the north and northeast, the Isen- Sempt hill country and in the south and east, the Inn- Chiemsee Hill Country. Numerous nature and landscape protection areas are located in the county, including the Egglburger lake. The county town of Ebersberg, which is among the smallest of its kind in Germany, located in the southeast of the district area.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Free community areas
Towns and villages of the district before the municipal reform 1971/78
Before the local government reform of the district of Ebersberg had 29 communities ( see list below). In 1900, there were still two more. Ottenhofen was reclassified in 1928 in the district office Erding. The community Oexing was incorporated in 1933 by Grafing.
In the north, bordering the county in the district of Erding, on the east by the county of Wasserburg am Inn, on the south by the district of Bad Aibling and to the west the district of Munich.
The villages of the district of Ebersberg before the municipal reform 1971/78. ( The towns that still exist today are written in bold. )
The district of Ebersberg is surrounded by the following counties: in the north district of Erding, in the northeast district of Mühldorf am Inn, in the east and south and the district of Rosenheim in the west district of Munich.
Fauna and Flora
In the southern district there are larger areas than the Fauna- Flora-Habitat Protection Area ( FFH ) are reported. In Atteltal to find remnants of lowland forests and largely unspoiled tributaries, where the river mussel lives. Also, the Yellow Lady's Slipper can be found here. In Kupferbachtal at Glonn the rare Bavarian spoonwort the Siberian iris growing in the southeast of the district.
In Ebersberg Forest live about 800 wild boars, the eponymous emblem of the district. There are also deer as larger game.
Also in the northern, more populous district there are protected wetlands and peat meadows. In Markt Schwaben and forestry Innig breed white storks.
The district is 13 (as of September 2013) are the Bavarian State Office for Environmental designated geological sites.
2012 June 30, 2012 is meant.
Between 1988 and 2008 the district of Ebersberg also gained almost 29,000 inhabitants and grew by around 29%.
The area of present-day district of Ebersberg is one of the old Bavarian areas. 1803, the Court of Swabia (today Markt Schwaben ) was established. 1812 is the seat of the district court was moved to Ebersberg and renamed accordingly. 1862, the district Ebersberg was formed, whose territory was identical to the previous district court. From 1939, the district was designated as a county.
As part of local government reform in 1972, the district of Ebersberg was hardly changed since he already had a powerful structure due to its residential and recreational functions for the Munich region.
Again and again, especially the county south of flooding was affected. 1899 Kupferbach made according to the chroniclers its surroundings to the " water wilderness." More floods followed in 1937, 1946 and 1954. In August 2002, it mainly affected the communities Glonn and Moosach difficult. Since then, the protection measures have been reinforced so that the flood of June 2013 was relatively lightly.
Coat of arms
The boar and the mountain form the name " Ebersberg " (origin probably from " Castle of Eberhart ," documentary mention in the 10th century as " Eberesperch "). The pine symbolizes the Ebersberg Forest, the 29 branches of the fir point to the original 29 municipalities of the district.
The elected on March 16, 2014 council consists of 60 members (in brackets the change to 2008):
- CSU 25 seats (-3)
- SPD 11 seats (-1)
- GREEN 9 seats ( 1)
- FW 7 seats ( 0)
- AfD 2 seats ( 2)
- FDP 2 seats (-1)
- ODP 1 seat ( 0)
- BP 2 seats ( 2)
At the last regular election of the chief administrative officer on 2 March 2008, the incumbent Gottlieb Fauth won (CSU), with 52.8 % of votes. But he came back in 2013 for health reasons, so that a successor had to be chosen. The first round of voting on April 14, missed Robert Niedergesäß (CSU ) with 47.96 % barely an absolute majority and therefore had on 28 April in the runoff election against the SPD candidate. This won Niedergesäß with 50.96 %. The turnout in the first round with 42.45 %. In the second ballot with 41.48 %. Niedergesäß took over the District Office on May 1, 2013.
From Munich pass two railway lines the district of Ebersberg. Through the south leads the railway line Munich -Rosenheim, which was operated since 1871 by the Bavarian State Railways. Of this, since 1899 the railway line branches off Grafing - moated castle, which is also known as felting Express. On the Munich- Grafing - Ebersberg, on line S4 of the Munich S-Bahn. In rush hour, on line S6 from Munich to Zorneding. On the relation Munich Grafing - Ebersberg -Wasserburg courses of the SüdostBayernBahn usually every hour. A second local railway led from 1894 by Grafing station to the market Glonn ( railway Grafing - Glonn ). Here lies the passenger since 1970, the route has now been dismantled.
Due to the north of the district in 1871 commissioned in Munich- Mühldorf leads to the S -Bahn stop Poing and the train Markt Schwaben. Here branches since 1872, a branch line to Erding off on the wrong day, the S-Bahn line S2. In addition to regional trains in Markt Schwaben also keeps a train in Linz, Austria.
On the western border of the district of the A99, which forms the eastern bypass around the city of Munich runs. Between Ebersberg Forest and Markt Schwaben A 94 Munich -Passau runs. Southeast of Poing begins on the A 94, the tangent Airport East ( FTO ), leading to the Munich Airport Franz -Josef-Strauss in the neighboring county of Erding. Coming from Munich B of Ebersberg Forst runs 304 south towards Wasserburg am Inn. These highways are highly stressed particularly by the rush to Munich, since they are used a lot by commuters from the eastern part of Upper Bavaria.