Esmeralda County, Nevada

Esmeralda County is a county in the west of the state of Nevada in the United States. The County is the least populated county in Nevada. The the county seat ( county seat ) is located in Goldfield.


Esmeralda County is one of the Originalcountys, which were founded in 1861 in Nevada. The name is derived from the Spanish word for Esmeralda Emerald. He was chosen by JM Corey, of the Esmeralda Mining District, co-founded and named. First Aurora headquarters was in 1883 Hawthorne. Since 1907, it is Goldfield.

Due to a gold rush in the early 20th century, the County grew rapidly. The mines but in the late 1910s were exhausted, and the economy as population declined significantly.


The County is located in southwestern Nevada, on the border with California, halfway between Reno and Las Vegas. Mark Twain described the area and his work as miners in this area in his 1872 published book Roughing it. The County is home to the mountain ranges of Silver Peak Range and Monte Cristo mountains that dominate the County. The highest peaks include:

  • Boundary Peak: 4,007 m, the highest point in Nevada
  • Piper Peak: 2,880 m
  • Magruder Mountain: 2,756 m
  • Montezuma Peak: 2,552 m
  • Emigrant Peak: 2,069 m

Demographic data

1900-1990 2000 2010

According to the census of 2000, there were 971 people in the county. There were 455 households and 259 families. The population density was less than 1 inhabitant per square kilometer. The racial the population was composed of 81.98 % White, 0.10 % African American, 5.15 % Native American, 0.00 % Asian, 0.21 % Pacific Islander residents from the and 7.62 % from other races groups; 4.94% were descended from two or more races. 10.20% percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 455 households out of which 21.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them. 46.40 % were married couples living together, 6.40 % had a female householder with no husband. 42.90% were non-families. 36.00 % of all households and 13.20% had someone living alone at the age of 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.79.

Based on the county the population was spread out with 20.50 % under the age of 18, 6.00 % from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44 years, 33.00 % between 45 and 64 years and 17.20% were 65 years old or older. The average age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 123.70 males to 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.70 males.

The median income for a household was $ 33,203, and the median income for a family was $ 40,917. Males have a median income of $ 39,327, women $ 25,469. The per capita income was $ 18,971. 15.30% of the population and 7.50 % of families are below the poverty line. 9.70 % of those under age 18 and 11.40% were 65 years or older.

Places in County

  • Alkali
  • Blair
  • Coaldale
  • Coaldale Junction
  • Columbus
  • Coyote Hole
  • Dyer
  • Florence Hill
  • Gemfield
  • Gold hit
  • Gold Point
  • Goldfield
  • Lida
  • McLeans
  • Miller
  • Montezuma
  • Montezuma Wells
  • Silver Peak
  • Tokop
  • Weepah
  • West Springfield


The County is one of the eleven counties of Nevada, where the establishment of brothels is permitted.