Indian Wells, California

Riverside County


Indian Wells is a city in Riverside County in the U.S. state of California with 4958 inhabitants ( 2010) on an area of ​​37.790 km ². It is located in the Coachella Valley south of Joshua Tree National Park on the border of Palm Desert. Nearby is also the Salton Sea. In Indian Wells proportionately most millionaires live in the USA. Every year the tennis tournament Indian Wells Masters and WTA Indian Wells take place there, which are very well endowed with more than $ 8 million (2013 ) and nearly as full as a Grand Slam tournament. In terms of the population is Indian Wells, the smallest city in Riverside County.


Indian Wells is located in central Riverside County, California in the United States. It is bordered to the north and west to the city of Palm Desert, La Quinta and in the east on the south by unincorporated community. Due to the northern city leads the California State Route 111

Indian Wells is a member of the Coachella Valley, which is part of the Colorado Desert, which in turn is part of the larger Sonoran Desert. The town has 4958 inhabitants ( 2010) and covers an area of ​​37.790 km ², are of 37.091 km ² land area. The population density is therefore 133.7 people per square kilometer and is very low. The city center is located at an altitude of 27 m.


The climate throughout the year is determined by subtropical high pressure areas. This results in Indian Wells hard to precipitation.

The highest temperature measured dates from 1970 and was 51 ° C, the lowest temperature is -11 ° C from the year 1937.


Already in 1853, today's Indian Wells, according to WP Blade, a geologist at the Smithsonian Institution, site of a thriving Indian village. After the discovery of gold on the Colorado River was William D. Bradshaw only ten years later to build a path from Los Angeles to the gold mines. The " Alexander and Company Stage Line" used this way to transport prospectors, and Indian Wells became an important stopover on the route. In 1875, the route was abandoned due to strong competition by the Southern Pacific Railroad, but a year later revived by Wells Fargo.

In the following decades gradually settlers reached the land, and ranches were profitable. In the 1950s, the first golf courses in the " Eldorado Country Club " and "Indian Wells Country Club" were opened. With Desi Arnaz ' "Indian Wells Hotel " in 1957 opened the Vorläüfer the later "Indian Wells Resort Hotels". In 1960, professional golfer Arnold Palmer won the inaugural Golf Tournament Bob Hope Desert Classic. U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was a regular visitor of Indian Wells and later owner of a house in the hamlet of Eldorado.

On July 27, 1967 election was called in order to prevent incorporation of Indian Wells in one of the neighboring cities such as Palm Desert. In the election, the population decided that Indian Wells should be appointed as a own city. July 14, 1967, this resolution was effective and Indian Wells four -hundredth to California town and the sixteenth in Riverside County. For the first Mayor Pete Peterson was selected. Since then, Indian Wells has continued its growth and there arose resorts, golf courses and luxury residential areas.


Of all the cities of California Indian Wells has the second highest proportion of members of the Republican Party to the electorate. From 3027 eligible voters were in 2009 to 65.1 % of the Republican Party, the Democratic Party 19.5%, 2.1% of the American Independent Party and the Green Party 0.1 %.

Indian Wells is part of the 28th district in the Senate of California, which is currently represented by Democrat Ted Lieu, and the 42nd District of the California State Assembly, represented by Republican Brian nest changes. Furthermore, Indian Wells California's 36th congressional district belongs to, the Cook Partisan Voting Index one of R 1 and is represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.

Famous residents

  • Desi Arnaz, musician and actor
  • Jack Jones, musician
  • Arthur Lake, actor