Latin American music
Latin American music is an umbrella term for the dances, rhythms and styles of music as it is played in Latin American countries. The musical forms are usually viewed as a typical style that are commonly associated with the music from Cuba: A mixture of Spanish and African rhythmic melodic influences.
However, there are also Latin American countries, where other influences have determined the traditional music, for example in the music of the Andes (Bolivia, Peru), in the pre-Columbian style elements also occur as the Obertonharmonik and pentatonic scale. Another example is the Bossa Nova from Brazil with stylistic elements of jazz and explore the Argentine Cuarteto and Chamamé with Alpine, Italian and Eastern European elements.
- 2.1 Andean region
- 2.2 Argentina
- 2.3 Brazil
- 2.4 Caribbean
- 2.5 Mexico
- 2.6 Paraguay
- 2.7 Uruguay
- 2.8 Venezuela
- 2.9 more
- 4.1 instruments 4.1.1 Schlag-/Rhythmusinstrumente
- 4.1.2 Melodie-/Harmonieinstrumente
The Latin American music can be divided into the following sub-groups, some of which differ greatly from each other.
These styles developed in the 18th and 19th centuries and are mostly originated in rural areas.
- Afro Brazilian music: a mix of rhythms born in Brazil of African slaves with Portuguese elements, such as Samba, Samba Reggae, Axé
- Afro-Colombian music: in Colombia resulting hybrids of European and African elements. Unlike in the Afro-Cuban and Afro-Brazilian music is dominated by melodic instruments like the accordion, such as cumbia, vallenato
- Afro Caribbean music: music that originated in Cuba and the neighboring islands of African and European elements, such as son, merengue or Calypso
- Andean music: the traditional music of the Andean countries, which were included in both Spanish melodic elements and influences of the pre-Columbian music of the Indians of this region, such as Carnavalito
- Folklore Pampeano accrued in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay forms of music and dances that are rooted in the Spanish folk music, such as Chacarera
- Music of Indigenous Peoples: different forms of music with little to no foreign influence
Urban music styles
These styles developed only in the 20th century, partly from the traditional styles, partly as hybrids with other genres in the major cities of Latin America:
- Tango Argentino, a melancholy dance from the La Plata area, which developed in Buenos Aires and Montevideo
- Cuarteto, a mix of Italian, Spanish and Afro- Caribbean elements that originated in Córdoba in Argentina
By combining traditional folk music with newer social critical elements emerged, first in Chile, and later in other countries, the Nueva canción, which was in the 1960s and 70s to the whole sub-continent -spanning movement.
Hybrids with other genres
Most of them originated in mid -20th century, although some also outside Latin America.
- Salsa, one resulting in the U.S. hybrid of several styles from the Caribbean
- Bossa Nova, one born in Brazil hybrid of indigenous styles of jazz and game forms
- Latin Jazz, created in the 1930s and 1940s in New York fusion of jazz with Afro- Cuban music (especially Mambo / Salsa )
- Latin Rock, one resulting in the U.S. and later popular throughout Latin America hybrid of rock and various, mainly Afro-Caribbean styles
- Latin Pop, a mix of pop music and Latin American design, often with soul and rhythm and blues influences.
- Songo, a modern form of Són, emerged around 1969, mixes the melodic elements of the Són with the rhythmic elements of traditional rumba and rock, funk and rhythm and blues
- Tex- Mex, a hybrid of folk styles from Texas and Mexico
New popular styles of Latin American music
They are partly new sub- genres of traditional styles, some of the dominant influences are, however, other styles ( for example, when Rio funk from the Miami Bass to the USA).
- Reggaeton ( Reguetón )
- Latin Hip Hop
- Merengue Hip Hop
- Latin Ska
- Cumbia Villera
- Cumbia Romantica
- Mangue Beat
- Tecno cumbia
- Rio Funk
- Electro Tango
- Latin House
- Latin Techno
- Cuarteto Merenguero
- Rock nacional
- Tecno brega
Dances and song forms from the countries of origin
- Especially Bolivia: cueca boliviana
- Specifically Chile: Resbalosa or refalosa, Tonada
- Specifically Ecuador: Cachullapi, Chirihuaqui, Pasillo
- Specifically Colombia: Bambuco, cumbia, Currulao, Merengue Columbiano,
- Specifically Peru: Huayno, Carnevalito, Takirari, Huaylarsh, Saya, Marinera, tondero, vals criollo, Negroid, festejo, Chicha
Baguala, Bailecito, Carnavalito, Chacarera, Chamamé, Chamarrita, Chaya, Chirihuaqui, Cielito, Cifra, cueca, Estilo, Milonga, Rasguido doble, tango Argentino, Tonada, Vidala, Zamba
Axé, baião, Brega, Bumba -Meu -Boi, ( Capoeira - originally a fighting style ), Choro / Chorinho, Côco, forró, frevo, lambada, Maracatu, Marchinha, MPB, Música caipira, Pagoda, Samba, Samba Reggae, Sertanejo, Tropicalia
Calipso ( Trinidad and Tobago), Danzon (originally from Haiti ), Merengue, Bachata (both:. Dominican Republic ), Plena (Puerto Rico), Mento, Ska, Reggae, Dancehall (Jamaica ), reggaeton (Puerto Rico, Panama, Dominican Republic, Cuba )
- Specifically Cuba: Bolero, Conga, Guaguancó, Guajira, Guaracha, Habanera, Lucumí, Mambo, Rumba, Son
Banda, Corrido, Danzon, Canción Ranchera, Sandunga, Son Huasteca ( huapango ), Son Jarocho, Son de Jalisco, Michoacán de Son, Son de Veracruz, Vals, Yucateca
Balada or Canción, Guarania, Polca paraguaya, Vals
Joropo llanero, Pasaje, polo
- Bolivian lowlands: Taquirari, Carnavalito, Chovena
- Originally from Spain: Paso Doble
- Mainly by Cuban immigrants in the United States ( especially in New York) developed: Cha -Cha- Cha, Gotan, Jive, Latin Jazz, Salsa
Leo Brouwer, Paquito D' Rivera, Tito Puente, Antonio Carlos Jobim, João Gilberto, Maria Joao, Mario Bauza, Luiz Bonfá, Milton Nascimento, Lalo Schifrin, Irakere, Los Van Van, Adalberto Alvarez, Caterina Valente, El Nene, Mayito Rivera, El Indio, Ricardo Amaray, Manolito Simonet, Yma Sumac, Lucha Reyes, Buena Vista Social Club, Manu Chao, Chucho Valdes, Ruben Blades, Willie Colón, Juan de Marcos, Issac Delgado, Azucar Negra, NG La Banda, Manolin el - medico de la salsa, Cruks en Karnak, Quilapayún, Inti Illimani, Victor Jara, Violeta Parra, Shakira, Daniela Mercury, Gloria Estefan, Celia Cruz, Carlinhos Brown, Marc Anthony, Thalía, Grupo Niche, Aventura, Daddy Yankee, Tego Calderon, Rakim y Ken -Y, Selena Quintanilla -Perez, Julieta Venegas, Hijos del Sol, etc.
Main instruments and rhythm
- Especially in Afro- Cuban music: Achére, AGBE (or ABWE ), Bata, Bongos, Claves, Conga ( s ), cowbell, Güa - güa, Güiro, maracas, Palitos, SHEKERE, timbales
- Especially in Brazilian music: Afoxé / Xequeré, Agogô, Apito ( whistle ), Atabaque, Berimbau, Caixa, Caxixi, Chocalho / Ganzá / Shaker, Cuíca, pandeiro, reco - reco, Repinique (also: Repique ) Sanfona, Surdo, tamborim, Triangle, zabumba
Accordion, bandoneon ( in Argentina), cavaquinho ( Brazilian ), ( mostly acoustic ) guitar, harp, piano, clarinet, bass, pan pipes, and various other flutes (including ocarina ), trombone, trumpet, violin