The district of Rastatt is a district in Baden- Württemberg. It belongs to the region of the Middle Upper Rhine in the district of Karlsruhe. Council is based in Rastatt.
- 2.1 Population development
- 3.1 Kreistag
- 3.2 District
- 3.3 Coat of Arms
- 3.4 District Partnerships
- 4.1 traffic
- 4.2 District facilities
- 5.1 Cities and Towns before the district reform
The district of Rastatt bordered to the north by the district of Karlsruhe, in the east by the district of Calw, in the southeast of the district of Freudenstadt and on the south by the Ortenaukreis. To the west of the Rhine forms the natural border with France with the local arrondissement of Wissembourg and Haguenau in the Bas -Rhin and in the northwest over a short distance to the Rhineland-Palatinate district of Germersheim. The district-free city Baden- Baden is located with an area of 140.2 km ² as an enclave entirely within the county area.
The Rastatt district participates in the Upper Rhine Plain in the west, on the northern Black Forest to the east and at the foothills of the transition. The heavily forested highlands of the middle and lower Murg valley forms the eastern part of the county. The highest point of the district of Rastatt is the high ox-head, whose summit rises 1054 m above the sea. The highest elevation in the northern Black Forest, the Hornisgrinde is just a few kilometers south of the county boundary. In Au am Rhein Rhine leaves the circle area at an altitude of about 105 meters above the sea.
The district of Rastatt goes back to the old upper office or district office Rastatt, which consisted initially as a city official and first land office, and later as a city and First Country Office and Second Country Office, in 1815, however, united to the upper office Rastatt. Throughout history, the later county Rastatt was changed several times. So it took in 1872 the municipalities of the dissolved district office Gernsbach and 1924, some communities of the dissolved district office in Baden. 1939, the county was renamed in Rastatt Rastatt district. The communes of today's circuit area were, however, since the 19th century in addition to those already mentioned, district offices and Baden Gernsbach also to the district offices Achern and Buhl. After 1939 there was in what is now the district but only the two counties Rastatt and Buhl. At the same time the county Baden -Baden was built.
In the district reform on 1 January 1973, the (old ) district of Rastatt with most communities of the county Buhl, some communities of the district of Kehl and a former municipality of Württemberg ( Loffenau, Calw ) was united to the new district of Rastatt. The urban district of Baden -Baden was retained, although attempts have been made in the 1950s, this re-integrate in the county. Baden -Baden remained acyclic and thus is now the smallest city of its kind in Baden- Württemberg. The district includes Rastatt after the municipal reform still 23 municipalities, including 6 cities thereof in turn 3 large district towns ( Buhl, Gaggenau and Rastatt ). Largest city is Rastatt, smallest municipality is currently way Bach.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg ( only primary residences ).
The district is administered by the county council and the district administration.
The district council is elected by the voters in the district for five years. The district council elections in 2009 was as follows:
The council elects the District for a term of eight years. This is the legal representative and the representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs this and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.
The district councils of the district Buhl since 1945:
The upper office or district councils of men Oberamts or district office or the district of Rastatt since 1803:
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Rastatt shows in geviertem Shield: 1 gold in a red wine ladder, 2 in blue a golden grape, 3 a blue inseminated in blue, filled golden rose with green sepals, 4 in gold a red oblique beams. The coat of arms was granted by the Ministry of Economy Baden -Württemberg on 24 May 1974.
The coats of arms symbolize the one hand the former estates in the district, the Counts of Eberstein ( " Ebersteinische Rose" ), and the Margrave of Baden (red oblique bars), on the other hand is economic symbols ( grape and wine director ), the fruit of the and viticulture in the district are. The wine guide is also included in the coat of arms of the county town of Rastatt.
The old district of Rastatt had a different coat of arms before 1973. This showed in a red gold oblique beams, accompanied up of a red wine and head down from a red heraldic rose with blue slugs and green sepals. This coat of arms, which had been awarded by the Ministry of Economy Baden -Württemberg on March 23, 1964 thus led to the vast majority are the symbols of today's coat of arms, only the grape was attached to the new coat of arms.
See also: List of coats of arms in the district of Rastatt
Economy and infrastructure
Of the 79 653 social security contributions workers in the county in 2007 were 40 754 engaged in manufacturing. The largest employer is the Daimler AG with large plants in Rastatt and Gaggenau, which together have about 13,000 employees. The district of Rastatt is a member of the Association of Technology Region Karlsruhe.
Through the circle area, the Federal Highway leads 5 Basel -Karlsruhe, several federal highways, including the B 3 Basel -Karlsruhe, B 36, B 500 ( starting at the Rhine Iffezheim, from the Buhlerhohe to the Kurhaus sand as Black Forest High Road ) and the B 462 ( Black forest valleys road). Numerous state and county roads further develop the district area. An important railway node is Rastatt ( Rheinbahn, Rhine Valley line and Murgtalbahn towards Freudenstadt ). The circle area is also accessible through the network of Stadtbahn Karlsruhe. Three lines lead coming from Karlsruhe to Achern On Buhl, Baden -Baden and Forbach. Further, lies on the circle area (municipality Rhine Münster, district Söllingen ) the regional airport Karlsruhe / Baden -Baden (Baden -Airpark ), which is the second largest commercial airport in Baden -Württemberg and one of the largest regional airports in Germany with more than one million passengers in 2009.
The district of Rastatt is Schulträger of Wilhelm Haus Stein- Gymnasium Durmersheim, following Vocational Schools: Vocational School Buhl, trade school Gaggenau - Carl Benz School - Vocational School Rastatt - Josef Durler - school - vocational school Gernsbach - papermaker school - with papermaking center, Handelslehranstalt ( commercial School ) Buhl, Handelslehranstalt ( commercial School ) Gernsbach, Handelslehranstalt ( commercial School ) Rastatt, Elly -Heuss -Knapp - school ( house cost- socio-educational school) Bühl and Anne Frank School ( house cost- socio-educational school) Rastatt also the following special schools: Rhine Valley School ( Special Education ) Buhl, Hilda School ( special school ) Durmersheim, Erich - Kästner -Schule ( special school ) Gaggenau, Augusta Sibylla school ( special school ) Rastatt, Pestalozzi School for the Physically and Mentally Handicapped Rastatt and Astrid Lindgren School for speech-Impaired Iffezheim with school kindergarten. In addition, the district of Rastatt maintains a district media center, the media center Mittelbaden that performs services for the schools in the urban district of Baden -Baden and Rastatt district in the legal order.
The district of Rastatt, together with the city of Baden -Baden shareholder of Hospital Mittelbaden gGmbH based in Baden -Baden. This leads Stadtklinik Baden -Baden as well as the hospitals and nursing facilities of the district of Rastatt and that the district hospitals Buhl, Forbach and Rastatt, the Department of Geriatric Rehabilitation Gernsbach, the old-age and nursing home hilltop home that Erich Burger Home Buhl, the county nursing home hub and the two nursing homes sheep mountain in Lichtental and Theresienheim Baden -Baden.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Agreed administrative communities and local government associations
Cities and Towns before the district reform
Before the district reform on 1 January 1973 and the municipal reform were part of the ( old ) district of Rastatt in 1938 a total of 45 municipalities, including the four cities Gaggenau, Gern Bach, hilltop home and the county seat Rastatt, which was since 1956 a large district town.
On March 7, 1968, the parliament of Baden -Württemberg has paved the way for a church reform. The Act to Strengthen the administrative force smaller municipalities, it was possible that smaller communities could voluntarily unite to form larger communities. The first in the old district of Rastatt made the community the Red Rock, the united on 1 January 1970 with the city of Gaggenau. In the following years the number of municipalities decreased steadily. On 1 January 1972 Ebersteinburg was incorporated into the urban district of Baden -Baden and on April 1, 1972 Waldprechtsweier in the community Malsch ( district of Karlsruhe ). Both communities thus left the district of Rastatt. The remaining municipalities in the old district of Rastatt went on 1 January 1973 in the new enlarged district of Rastatt on, but this was on 1 January 1974 nor the community Haueneberstein and on 1 January 1975 the municipality Sandweier, both of which were part of the old district of Rastatt at the urban district of Baden- Baden from.
Largest parish of the old district of Rastatt was the district town of Rastatt, smallest municipality was Freiolsheim.
The old district of Rastatt last included an area of 545 km ² and had at the 1970 census, a total of 143 150 inhabitants.
Population development of the old district of Rastatt to 1970. All population figures are census results.
The communities of the old district of Rastatt in front of the municipal reform. Up to Waldprechtsweier that came to the district of Karlsruhe to Malsch because of the integration, and the three incorporated in the urban district of Baden -Baden communities ¹), all the communities even today the district of Rastatt.