The Emmendingen is a district in Baden- Württemberg. It belongs to the region of the Southern Upper Rhine in the administrative district of Freiburg. It is bordered on the north by the Ortenaukreis, on the east by the Schwarzwald-Baar -Kreis, in the south by the district of Breisgau - Black Forest and to the independent city of Freiburg im Breisgau. To the west of the Rhine forms the natural border with France with the local district Sélestat - Erstein within the Department of Bas- Rhin.
- 3.1 Kreistag
- 3.2 District
- 3.3 Coat of Arms
- 4.1 Established businesses
- 4.2 traffic
- 4.3 Media
- 4.4 District facilities
- 6.1 Cities and Towns before the district reform
The Emmendingen participates in the Upper Rhine Valley and the Black Forest. Here belongs especially the valley of the Elz, which is a right tributary of the Rhine, to the circle area.
The Emmendingen goes back to the old district office Emmendingen, which was built after the transition to Baden to 1803. Throughout its history it has been modified several times (including 1872 abolition of the Office Kenzingen and 1924 abolition of the Office Breisach ) and designated as of 1 January 1939 as Emmendingen. At the same time most of the places of the dissolved Office Waldkirch have been assigned. In the district reform on 1 January 1973, the district was initially not changed. Only by the municipality reform he learned in subsequent years a small increase on the northwestern Emperor chair. The original intention to unite the Emmendingen with the county Lahr was not realized.
After completion of the municipal reform of Emmendingen comprises 24 municipalities, including 6 cities thereof and in turn a " large district " ( Emmen things). The city of Waldkirch in 2003 exceeded the limit of 20,000 inhabitants and is with effect from 1 January 2009, the second major district town in the district Emmen things. Largest city is Emmendingen, smallest municipality is Forchheim / Emperor chair.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg ( only primary residences ).
The district is administered by the county council and the district administration.
Since the last council elections on 7 June 2009, the county council has 48 members (-4). The election resulted in the following composition of the County Council:
The District 's legal representative and a representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle.
His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs this and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.
The upper office men or district administrators the district office or the district Emmendingen since 1810:
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district Emmendingen shows split in half and split front plate in gold a red oblique beams; back up in a black silver Six mountain, down in a silver blue flight. The coat of arms was granted by the Ministry of Economy Baden -Württemberg on 5 November 1956.
The coat of arms symbolizes the gentlemen, the circulatory area shared in earlier centuries, the state of Baden ( oblique bars), the Lords of Schwarzenberg ( " Black Mountain " ), and the Lords of Üsenberg (flight).
See also: List of coats of arms in Emmendingen
Economy and infrastructure
The Emmendingen is dominated by agriculture and essentially has only a small industrial density. This is especially in the Elz Valley (textile industry, electrical engineering ) and around Emmen things and Herbolzheim (Mechanical Engineering).
The focus of agricultural activity is the wine ( best known wine: Endingen, Malter things Kenzingen, Sasbach ).
The largest employers in the county Emmen things ( according to number of employees [ as of 2009 ] ) are:
- Sick AG, Waldkirch and works in Reute
- District office, district hospital, district senior center
- Center for Psychiatry Emmendingen (NDT)
- Ebm -Papst motors, Herbolzheim
- Guetermann GmbH, Gutach
- Faller KG, Waldkirch
- Tscheulin - Rothal GmbH, Teningen
Public transport is provided by the Regional Transport Authority Freiburg.
The Emmendingen is crossed by a major railway main line, which was opened between Offenburg and Freiburg in 1845 by the Baden State Railways.
From their branches in a circle two branch lines from:
Since 1875 in Denzlingen the Elz Valley railway in the city of Waldkirch, which was until 1901 on up out of the valley by the Baden State Railways of Waldkirch to Elzach, and since 1894 in Riegel, the Kaiserstuhlbahn the Süddeutsche Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft to Endingen, from the Riegel place a branch on the eastern edge of the Imperial chair for God 's going home, while the other of Endingen leads to Breisach since 1895 in the west of the mountain. Today, the West German traffic AG ( SWEG ) operates the Kaiserstuhlbahn and together with her daughter, the Breisgau- S- Bahn GmbH, two-thirds of the rail network in the district.
Through the circle area, the Federal Highway leads 5 Basel - Karlsruhe and several main roads, including the B 3 Basel - Karlsruhe and Freiburg B 294 - Haslach. In addition, several state and county roads open up the county.
In the district the Badische Zeitung appears with the Local Issues Emmendingen and Waldkirch.
The Emmendingen is received the following Vocational Schools: Commercial and house cost- social-work schools Emmendingen, Commercial schools Emmendingen and Professional Education Centre ( Industrial and Commercial Schools ) Waldkirch.
The Emmendingen is carrier of the District Hospital Emmen things as well as the county senior citizen center with supervised assisted living facility, St. Maximilian Kolbe in Kenzingen. Both facilities are managed as self- operation of the district.
Culture and sights
Through the county leads the German Clock Road. In addition to various local museums in particular, is the Jewish Museum in Emmen things of importance. The Black Forest Nature Park lies partly in the district.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Agreed administrative Communities and local government associations
Cities and Towns before the district reform
Before the district reform in 1973 and before the congregation belonged to the Reform Emmendingen first since 1939 a total of 57 municipalities, including six cities. On January 1, 1964, formed from 9 residential locations in town Prechtal the independent community Oberprechtal. Thus, the district had a total of 58 municipalities.
On March 7, 1968, the parliament of Baden -Württemberg has paved the way for a church reform. The Act to Strengthen the administrative force smaller municipalities, it was possible that smaller communities could voluntarily unite to form larger communities. The first in Emmendingen made the communities Altsimonswald, Haslach Simon forest and forest sub- Simon, who united the community forest Simon on April 1, 1970. In the following years the number of municipalities decreased steadily. After the district reform on 1 January 1973 from which the Emmendingen first emerged without boundary changes, three municipalities of the former district of Freiburg ( Kiechlinsbergen, Jechtingen and Leiselheim ) came as a result of incorporations in municipalities of the district to the district Emmen things.
Largest parish of the district Emmendingen before the municipal reform was the county town of Emmen things, smallest municipality was Wildgutach.
The old district of Emmendingen included last an area of 666 km ² and had at the 1970 census total of 118 674 inhabitants.
Population development of the old district Emmendingen to 1970. All population figures are census results.
The communities of the county Emmendingen before the municipal reform: All municipalities are still to Emmendingen
¹ formed on January 1, 1964 new