Konstanz (district)

The district is a district of Konstanz in Baden- Württemberg. It belongs to the region of the Upper Rhine and Lake Constance in the administrative district of Freiburg. It is bordered on the north by the Tuttlingen district, in the north- east by the district of Sigmaringen, to the east by Lake Constance and Lake Constance itself, to the south by the Swiss canton of Thurgau, on the west by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen and to the northwest by the Schwarzwald- Baar circle. The for loop belonging exclave Büsingen borders on a few meters long route to the Swiss canton of Zurich.

  • 3.1 Kreistag
  • 3.2 District Administrators
  • 3.3 Coat of Arms
  • 4.1 traffic 4.1.1 Public transport
  • 4.1.2 rail
  • 4.1.3 road


The district of Konstanz has a share in Hegau, a landscape that you already counts the pre-Alpine region. The county town of Konstanz is located on the southeastern edge of the county near Lake Constance, which passes here in the submarine. The landscape between submarine and Lake Überlingen called Bodanrück. For the district also includes the islands of Reichenau (own community) and include Mainau (part of the city of Konstanz ).

The list of places in the district of Konstanz contains about 456 places ( towns, villages, hamlets, tine, farms and residential places) of the district of Konstanz in a geographical sense.

In the district 50.6 percent of the total area to be used as agricultural land.


The Konstanz district goes back to the old county of Constance, which was built after the transition to Württemberg in 1805/ 06 (or 1810 Baden). The Baden administrative structure in the Constance area in 1809 ( Seekreis ), 1832 ( Seekreis ) and 1864 (Kreis Konstanz) changed several times over the years. In 1872 the district office Radolfzell was assigned to the district of Konstanz. In 1936, the county Engen was transferred to the district of Konstanz. In 1939 the county was again changed slightly and constancy even a city, but this was in 1953 re-integrated into the district. In 1969, the fortress Hohentwiel and 1967 the residential area Bruderhof came in singing from Tuttlingen district to district area.

In the district reform in the state of Baden -Württemberg on 1 January 1973 the district of Konstanz has been enlarged to most places of the dissolved district Stockach, some communities of the district of Sigmaringen and around the village of Stetten district of Donaueschingen to its present extent. For heterogeneously composed district includes the western shore of Lake Constance, Hori and Hegau. The election of the council with 65 councilors circle was held on 8 April 1973, the election of the chief administrative officer on July 26, 1973.

Since the completion of the municipal reform of Konstanz district comprises 25 municipalities, including seven cities, of which Constance, Radolfzell on Lake Constance and Singen ( Hohentwiel ) bear the title large district. Largest city is Constance, smallest municipality is Büsingen. This is an exclave within the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland, is a Swiss customs union area and has a special feature a private license plate ( OMS ).

Population Development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg ( only primary residences ).


The district is administered by the county council and the district administration.


The district council is elected by the voters in the district for 5 years. The district council election on 7 June 2009 yielded the following distribution of the 68 seats (previously 67):

The left - Assemblyman Michael Krause stepped over to the pirate party on 21 March 2012.

District administrators

The District 's legal representative and a representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs this and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.

The upper office men or district administrators the district office or district of Konstanz from 1807 to today:

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district of Konstanz shows in geviertem sign in boxes 1 and 4 in blue an inclined upstream silver fish ( whitefish ), in field 2 in silver, a continuous red cross and in the field 3 in gold three blue stag antlers. The coat of arms was granted by the district of Konstanz Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior on 25 April 1974.

The coats of arms symbolize the previous power structures in the district: the Bishopric of Constance and the imperial abbey of Reichenau (cross) and the hegau Count or Landgraviate Nellenburg ( deer antler ). The fish are supposed to symbolize the abundance of fish in Lake Constance.

Before the district reform in the district of Konstanz had a different coat of arms that was with today, however, almost identical. It was only in the field 3 instead of stag antlers also the cross, as in Box 2 This coat of arms was the district of Konstanz awarded on July 26, 1957.

See also: List of coats of arms in the district of Konstanz

Economy and infrastructure


Public transport

The county -wide transport network hegau Bodensee ( VHB) was founded in 1995. He is a mixed composite of the active in the county transport companies and the county. A total of 15.1 million passengers traveled in 2007 within the composite tariff.


The circle area is accessible by five active rail lines. Specifically, these are

  • The Black Forest Railway from Konstanz to Offenburg section Constance -Narrows
  • The Gäubahn (Stuttgart - Singen) in section Singen ( Hohentwiel ) Narrows
  • The Lake Belt Railway of Radolfzell to Lindau ( Bodensee) in the section Radolfzell -Ludwigshafen (Bodensee)
  • The Seehäsle section Radolfzell Schwacke Reute ( decommissioned between Stockach and Schwackendorf Reute, between Radolfzell and Stockach half-hour )
  • The Upper Rhine Railway from Singen to Basel Baden train station in the section singing Bietingen

Particularly important for the county is the train station singing, consists of the intercity connection to Stuttgart and Zurich. Furthermore, there are intercity services on the Black Forest Railway to Hamburg and the Ruhr. From Constance operate Swiss domestic intercity trains to Biel / Bienne. In transport, there are in addition to numerous regional express and regional train connections to Seehas train, which connects Konstanz every half hour Radolfzell, Sing and Engen.


In the district the motorway ends 81 Stuttgart - Singen ( Hohentwiel ). Furthermore, in west-east direction leads the A 98 from the Swiss border to Stockach. Otherwise, several federal, state and county roads open up the district of Konstanz. Most important trunk road is the B 33 from the end of the motorway at singing until Constance. From Constance is a ferry across Lake Constance to Meersburg.

County facilities

The district of Konstanz is received the following Professional Schools: Zeppelin Commercial Sciences in Konstanz, Wessenberg School ( Commercial schools ) Konstanz, vocational training center ( Rent, Commercial, domestic and agricultural schools ) Radolfzell am Bodensee, Mettnau school ( home economics schools ) Radolfzell am Bodensee, hohentwiel vocational School singing (Hohentwiel ), Robert - Gerwig School ( Commercial schools ) singing (Hohentwiel ), vocational Training Centre ( Commercial, Commercial and Domestic schools ) Stockach and Technical College of Agriculture Stockach also the following special schools: Rainbow School for the Physically and Mentally Handicapped Constance, Haldenwang School for the Physically and Mentally Handicapped Singen ( Hohentwiel ), Sun country School for the speech impaired Stockach and school for sick children in prolonged hospital treatment Constance.

The district of Konstanz is a shareholder of hegau Bodensee- High Rhine - Kliniken GmbH, which operates, among others, the hospital Singen ( Hohentwiel ), the nucleus of the Hegau -Bodensee -Klinikum. Nearby Locations Hospital in the district of Konstanz Engen and Radolfzell on Lake Constance. The company also operates in Engen, a retirement and nursing homes as well as in Gailingen on the Upper Rhine, the Frederick home, a nursing and assisted living facility, and the hegau Youth, a neurological hospital and rehabilitation center for children and adolescents.

Cities and Towns

(Population at 31 December 2012)


Agreed administrative Communities and local government associations


→ see also: List of municipalities in the district of Konstanz and list of places in the district of Konstanz

County and national border to Switzerland

Runs an 84 kilometer border on the land side between the district of Konstanz and the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland. About 900 boundary stones mark the boundary. The boundary stones are set so that a landmark of the next is to be seen. In 1893 the scheme was introduced, that the border every six years, is committed jointly by German and Swiss officials. As a result, about ten to twenty pillars will be replaced, boundary stones re-erected vertically and cleaned and repainted landmarks. The boundary between the former state of Baden and Switzerland was controlled at the Congress of Vienna, marks the boundary 1839. A landmark is 1.5 meters high, 300 kg heavy and the cross section is at least 30 cm.

The "old" district of Konstanz

Before the district reform in 1973 or before the municipal reform were part of the ( old ) district of Konstanz since 1936 a total of 66 municipalities, including six cities, the county town of Konstanz and the second largest city of Singen (Hohentwiel ) since April 1, 1956 it had large district towns.

On March 7, 1968, the parliament of Baden -Württemberg has paved the way for a church reform. The Act to Strengthen the administrative force smaller municipalities, it was possible that smaller communities could unite voluntarily into larger ones. The first in the old district of Konstanz made ​​on 1 January 1970, the municipality Duchtlingen who united with the church Hilzingen. Other municipal mergers followed, and on 1 January 1971 left the church Nordhalden the district of Konstanz, as they united with the town of Blumberg in the district of Donaueschingen. In the following years the number of municipalities decreased steadily. On January 1, 1973, the new enlarged Konstanz district was built.

Largest parish of the old district of Konstanz was the district town of Konstanz, smallest municipality was Talheim.

The old district of Konstanz included last an area of 519 km ² and had at the 1970 census, a total of 189 651 inhabitants.

Population development of the old district of Konstanz until 1970. All population figures are census results.

The following is a list of communities in the old district of Konstanz in front of the municipal reform. With the exception of Nordhalden, which is part of the Schwarzwald- Baar -Kreis today, all the communities even today the district of Konstanz.