The district of Rottweil is a district in Baden- Württemberg. It belongs to the Schwarzwald- Baar- Heuberg in the administrative district of Freiburg. It is bordered on the north by the district of Freudenstadt ( Regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe), to the east by the Zollernalbkreis ( Region of Tübingen ), in the south of the district Tuttlingen and the Schwarzwald- Baar district and on the west by the Ortenaukreis.
- 3.1 Kreistag
- 3.2 District
- 3.3 Coat of Arms
- 3.4 District Partnerships
- 4.1 traffic
- 4.2 District facilities
- 5.1 Cities and Towns before the district reform
The district of Rottweil has a share in the geographical landscape units Central Black Forest, the eastern slopes of the Black Forest ( sometimes also: edge plates of the Middle Black Forest ) and the Upper Neckar Gäuen. At its Ostsaum the county has also still small share of the Albvorland and in the extreme southeast of the so-called Baar- high trough.
The list of places in the district of Rottweil contains about 514 places (towns, villages, hamlets, farms and residential places) of the district of Rottweil, in a geographical sense.
The Rottweil district goes back to the old Württemberg Oberamt Rottweil, which was built after the transition of the former free imperial city of the Kingdom of Württemberg 1806/1908. 1807 was the chief official Sulz, that existed before 1800, rebuilt by resolution of the upper offices Dornhan and most of the Oberamts Rosenfeld. 1810 nor the Oberamt Oberndorf was built. These three top offices in 1934 renamed as counties. In 1938 the counties Sulz and Oberndorf were dissolved. The district of Rottweil was therefore increased by a large part of the district of Oberdorf ( five municipalities came to the district of Freudenstadt ) and at some places of the district Sulz ( the rest came to the district Horb ) as well as to individual municipalities in the counties Tuttlingen and Spaichingen. However, he gave also some places to the county Balingen.
After 1945 the Rottweil district belonged to the state of Württemberg -Hohenzollern, which rose in 1952 in the state of Baden -Württemberg. After that he belonged to the governmental district of South Württemberg -Hohenzollern.
In the district reform on 1 January 1973 the Rottweil district got its present extent and at the same time came to the newly circumscribed administrative district of Freiburg. At that time, 16 places from the district Horb (Württemberg ), 4 by the county Wolfach (Baden ), 2 from county Hechingen (Hohenzollern) and one from the district Villingen (Baden) have been assigned. In return, the district of Rottweil was from 5 places to the neighboring districts. Shortly after the district reform exchanged for another 2 places their district affiliation.
On 1 May 2006, the municipality Tennenbronn was incorporated into the city Schramberg. In order for the district of Rottweil now comprises 21 municipalities, including 6 cities and 2 hereof, in turn, " large district towns " ( Rottweil and Schramberg ). Largest city is Rottweil, smallest municipality is Schenkenzell.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg ( only primary residences ).
The district council is elected by the voters in the district for 5 years. The district council election on 7 June 2009 yielded the following distribution of the 49 seats (previously 48):
The District Administrator is elected by the council for eight years. He is the legal representative and the representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs this and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.
The district councils of the district Rottweil since 1928:
The chief official of the former men Oberamts can be found in the article Oberamt Rottweil.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Rottweil in gold shows a red tongue and red reinforced black eagle, covered with a split of silver and red breastplate, in the clutches of a reclining deer rack with downwardly facing ends reserved. The coat of arms was granted by the Ministry of Economy Baden -Württemberg on June 7, 1974.
The imperial eagle stands for the former free imperial city of Rottweil, the deer pole for the Württemberg area of the circle and the split breast shield for the front later to Austria dependent territories of the Counts of Hohenberg.
See also: List of coats of arms in the district of Rottweil
The Rottweil district maintains partnership relations with the Weißeritzkreis in Saxony.
Economy and infrastructure
From Rottweil 1928 Branch Line On Schomberg Balingen was put into operation by the German Reichsbahn.
In the north- west of the district, a small railway junction, as of the Kinzig Valley Railway opened in 1886 Hausach Joy City in 1892 originated in Schiltach branched off a branch line to watch city Schramberg. Builder was the Baden State Railways for the section Hausach - Schiltach and the Württemberg State Railways for the other sections.
Of the total network of 90 kilometers in length now 21 km were used for passenger and freight shut down:
- November 23, 1959 Schiltach - Schramberg (9 km)
- September 25, 1971 Rottweil Schomberg (12 miles)
On the routes from Rottweil to Villingen and Tuttlingen been running since September 1, 2003 in addition to DB trains and railcars of Hohenzollern country Bahn AG as part of the ring tensile concept Schwarzwald- Baar- Heuberg.
Through the eastern district area leads the motorway A81 Stuttgart - Singen ( Hohentwiel ). In addition, several federal, state and county roads open up the county. Important federal highways B 14 Stuttgart -Stockach that runs through the county territory from north to south along the Neckar, the B 462 Freudenstadt- Rottweil, coming from the northwest and then east crosses the district area, and B 27 are those of Tübingen Coming leads to Switzerland to Villingen -Schwenningen and Schaffhausen.
The district of Rottweil is received the following Professional Schools: Building schools Rottweil, Commercial and Domestic Schools Rottweil ( with vocational school care for the elderly Schramberg ), Commercial and Domestic Schools Schramberg, Commercial schools Schramberg, Robert Gleichauf - school - Vocational schools Oberndorf am Neckar and Commercial Schools Sulz, also the following special schools: Gustav -Werner - school for mentally handicapped Rottweil, Wittumschule for mentally handicapped Schramberg, special schools in Schramberg, Rottweil, Oberndorf and Dunningen and Erich Kästner-Schule for speech impaired with Sprachheilkindergarten Oberndorf am Neckar.
The district of Rottweil is a partner founded in 1993 health centers Rottweil district GmbH. This company operates the Rottweil district hospitals and Schramberg.
Cities and Towns
Agreed administrative communities and local government associations
Cities and Towns before the district reform
Before the district reform in 1973 or before the municipal reform were part of the ( old ) Rottweil district since 1938 a total of 53 municipalities, including four cities.
On March 7, 1968, the parliament of Baden -Württemberg has paved the way for a church reform. The Act to Strengthen the administrative force smaller municipalities, it was possible that smaller communities could voluntarily unite to form larger communities. The first in the old district of Rottweil made on 1 January 1969, the municipality of Bach and Altenberg, who united with the church Rötenberg. In the following years the number of municipalities decreased steadily. Through the municipal reform of the district of Rottweil also lost three communities before the district reform. On January 1, 1971, the municipality Reutin was incorporated into the city Alpirsbach and changed so that the district Freudenstadt. On January 1, 1972, the town of Schwenningen am Neckar (including the incorporated 1 January 1970 the municipality Mühlhausen) was combined with the city of Villingen to the new town of Villingen -Schwenningen and changed so that the district Villingen.
The remaining municipalities in the old district of Rottweil went on 1 January 1973 on the new enlarged district of Rottweil, while Deißlingen was incorporated in the Schwarzwald- Baar-Kreis newly formed, on 1 January 1974 but returned again in the district of Rottweil. On February 1, 1973, the congregation moved to the Schörzingen Zollernalbkreis because it was incorporated into the municipality of Schomberg. On April 1, 1974, the municipalities Peter Zell and Römlinsdorf changed in the district of Freudenstadt, because they were incorporated into the city Alpirsbach. On 1 July 1974, the merger of the municipalities Aichhalten and Rötenberg followed to the municipality Aichhalten. On 1 January 1975 changed the community Weigheim to Schwarzwald- Baar-Kreis, because it was incorporated into the city of Villingen -Schwenningen.
Largest parish of the old district of Rottweil was the town Schwenningen am Neckar, which in 1956 was large district since April 1, smallest municipality was Gößlingen.
The old district of Rottweil included last an area of 558 km ² and had at the 1970 census, a total of 138 468 inhabitants.
Population development of the old district of Rottweil to 1970. All population figures are census results.
The communities of the old district of Rottweil before the municipal reform: