Template: Infobox trunk road / Maintenance / FR -A
- Franche -Comté
The A36, also known as La Morbier, is a 237 km long French motorway connecting the towns of Beaune, Dole, Besancon, Montbeliard, Belfort and Mulhouse, and continues up to the German A 5. Operating company is the APRR ( Autoroutes Paris - Rhin- Rhône), which is why the highway is mostly toll roads. The highway passes through the regions of Burgundy, Franche -Comté and Alsace. It runs generally towards the west southwest- east-northeast and thus serves both the north-south traffic from Germany to Lyon, Marseille and Spain as well as the east-west traffic from the Paris area in the direction of Switzerland and southern Germany.
Your starting point take the A36 at Ladoix -Serrigny on the A31 motorway a few miles north of the highway interchange of Beaune, where the A31 and the A6 ( Autoroute du Soleil ) meet. It runs first eastward and crosses the here and mostly forested Saône plain. In Dole, the node is the A39, which connects the cities of Dijon and Bourg -en- Bresse. Subsequently, the highway runs through a slightly undulating landscape until it reaches the agglomeration Besançon. On the following about 80 kilometers, the highway that runs through a hilly area in the extreme north-western foothills of the Jura Mountains, mostly parallel to the Doubs Valley, where the river is crossed at Clerval. In this section the transport axis overcomes multiple steep climbs that skip shortly afterwards in gradients.
South of Montbéliard crosses the A36 again the Doubs, steps out into the relatively flat land of the Burgundian gate and passes through the densely populated and heavily industrialized area of the basin of Montbéliard. The highway now turns for a distance of approximately 15 kilometers due north, runs in the wide valley of the Savoureuse before it reaches Belfort. This town is bypassed to the southeast. Then again follows a paid overland route along the southern foot of the Vosges. Finally, the highway reaches the Upper Rhine Valley. It is tangent to the City of Mulhouse and performs its northern outer quarters. To the east of Mulhouse it crosses the A35 motorway ( Basel - Strasbourg ) and then crosses the Harthwald. Last Exit on French territory is Ottmar home. Immediately after this exit follows the former customs system Ottmar home, which has since been dismantled. Then the A36 via a Rhine Canal Bridge ( Grand Canal d' Alsace) and the Rhine bridge Ottmar home. The latter forms the border between France and Germany. The continuation of the A36 on German soil was formerly known as A 862. The 400 m long section to the junction with the A5 (Frankfurt- Basel) now bears his own name but no more.
As the first section of the A36 motorway section from Montbéliard to Étupes was opened in the Peugeot factories in 1968 ( by today's exit 8 to 9). The opening of the trunk route between Besançon and Mulhouse, took place in several stages in the second half of the 1970s, while the port in the southwest of Dampierre to Beaune (A31 ) and in the northeast of Mulhouse taken to the German A5 until the beginning of the 1980s in operation been. Various connection points ( Dampierre, Besancon Palente, Voujeaucourt and Fontaine ) were built much later and therefore had to be retrofitted to the exit numbering system.
Traffic volume and construction standards
The lowest traffic volumes, the A36 motorway in the section of the A31 ( Ladoix -Serrigny ) to Dole with only around 10,000 vehicles per day. Overland routes between Dole Montbéliard and be driven on a daily average of 25,000 vehicles. High traffic volumes are observed in the agglomeration areas Montbéliard - Belfort and Mulhouse. On the busiest sections in Mulhouse an average daily traffic of more than 80,000 vehicles is achieved.
The A36 is expanded four lanes (2 × 2). Strong pitch routes, especially in the hilly area between Besançon and Montbeliard are equipped with an additional lane for slow vehicles. Only the busy section of the highway junction A36/A35 to Exit 18 ( Mulhouse- Centre) has been expanded to six lanes. A continuation of the development is provided to junction 16 ( Mulhouse- Les Coteaux ). Currently, work is underway on the section Montbéliard - Belfort for expansion to 2 × 3 lanes, which are expected to be completed in late 2008.
Paying the following two sections of the A36 motorway:
- Burn Main - Belfort- Est (connection points 15 to 14): In this 24-kilometer long section is an open toll system ( a lump sum depending on the vehicle class is applicable); the toll booth is located at Fontaine- Larivière.
- Voujeaucourt - A31: closed toll system ( the amount of the toll is based on distance traveled )
On the sections of the state border to Burn main (junction 15) and Belfort- Est Voujeaucourt ( junctions 14 to 6.1 ), no fee will be charged.