Ede, Netherlands

Ede [ edɘ ] ( listen? / I ) is a town and comune of the province of Gelderland. On 1 January 2013 the municipality had 109 810 inhabitants, the city itself is only about 68,000. The total area is 318.68 km ², making it the fourth- largest municipality in the Netherlands to Noordoostpolder, Midden- Drenthe and Apeldoorn. In the town are, besides Ede itself, the villages Bennekom, Deelen, Ederveen, Harskamp, De Klomp, Lunteren, Otterlo, Wekerom, as well as parts of Hoenderloo.

Location and economic

Ede is located in the southwest of the Veluwe forest, on the highway and railway line Utrecht - Arnhem - Oberhausen, another motorway (A30 ) and on the side rail line to Barneveld. Good roads lead to Apeldoorn, the southern neighbors Wageningen, and west to Veenendaal. The key to 2002 synthetic fibers industry (AKU - Akzo ) has left Ede. In their place, small businesses and more tourism to create new jobs. For the economy Edes are the most important:

  • Tourism (because of the heath - " Ginkel Heath ," the forests, etc.); the Nature Park " Hoge Veluwe " is largely in the area of Ede
  • Agriculture (in the west of the church: " Gelderse Vallei " with chicken farming )
  • The service sector ( nursing homes and other health institutions, conference centers )
  • The military (there are several barracks and military training areas in the community).

In Ede and Bennekom also commuters who work in Utrecht and Arnhem live.


The area Edes provided the archaeologists many finds, among other things, burial mounds of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. Whether some 30,000 years BC have survived the Neanderthals here is not yet clear. Later, however, lived in what is now Ede long time Germanic tribes, including around 400 AD the Chamavi. In the early Middle Ages Ede and Bennekom emerged as a small farming villages. Ede 1216, Lunteren 1300 mentioned in deeds of gift. After the Reformation, the villages were soon protestant, in Lunteren, however, the Catholics could still claim a century. An ancient trade route sandy, also called " Hessenweg ", joined the trade fair cities Cologne and Frankfurt, Utrecht and Arnhem ran over Ede to Amersfoort. This so-called itineraries were very popular among the travelers and merchants. The Hessian carters were happy again far beyond the German border also a good reputation. Growth occurred only one from 1840, when the railway line Utrecht - Arnhem was opened and the old " Reichsweg Arnhem - Utrecht ", then just before the Second World War, the Arnhem Highway - Utrecht (also Hazepad called ), and this came several highways. In 1902 the railroad came Ede - Barneveld added. This enabled the tourism in the nearby Veluwe and the establishment of sanatoriums, etc. of the Akzo Nobel Group (formerly AKU) synthetic fiber factory was to settle here from about 1920 to 2002. From about 1880 were Ede and Harskamp garrison important places of the Dutch army.


  • Ede and Bennekom both in the center is a late medieval church Oude Kerk and the Alexanderkerk.
  • In Otterlo is a Tile Museum, in Ede, a museum with archaeological finds.
  • A small portion of the barracks is available as a military museum to the public, including the museum of the Dutch telecommunications service ( " Verbindingsdienst ").
  • In Otterlo also the Kröller -Müller Museum, which is the second largest Vincent van Gogh collection in the world is located. The museum dates back to the German -born painter and art collector Helene Kröller- Müller.


  • The most important natural park " Hoge Veluwe " with the Kröller- Müller Museum Otterlo at.
  • Other important nature areas of the Veluwe to the base area of Ede, suitable for walking and cycling, among others, are: Ginkel Heath (some military site: blocked for target practice )
  • Plank Wambui
  • Driesprong
  • Deelerwoud


Ede, mill: de Keetmolen

Lunteren, The Church: de Oude Kerk

Otterlo, the Reformed Church


Sons and daughters of the town

  • Jaap van Lagen (born 1976 ), race car driver
  • Marianne Thieme (born 1972 ), an animal rights activist, journalist and politician
  • Hennie Top ( b. 1956 ), cyclist and cycling coach
  • Jaco de Bakker (1939-2012), computer