Fiat 130 (1969-1976)
The Fiat 130 was brought by the company Fiat in the spring of 1969 to the market. He was the successor to the six-cylinder model series 1800/2100/2300. The Fiat 130 was produced as a four-door sedan and two-door coupe as, also created numerous special bodies.
In the first version of the sedan was a 2.9 -liter V6 with 140 hp at first (103 kW), then 160 hp (118 kW) installed in the second series, and in the coupe 165 hp (121 kW) 3, 2 -liter V6 (60 °, belt drive, two overhead camshafts ). The engine was designed by Aurelio Lampredi who had worked among others with Ferrari, but this is not, this is the engine of the Ferrari Dino, as is often claimed.
The engine includes an engine block made of cast iron with a bank angle of 60 degrees, the cylinder heads are made of aluminum and have a single overhead camshaft per cylinder bank. The heads have the typical features of a Lampredi construction of that time and those of the four-cylinder engine from the Fiat 128 are very similar. The heads are constructed in two parts, a molded part has the wedge-shaped combustion chambers and the gas passages, the valve seats and parallel overhead valves, a separate casting carrying the camshaft with its bearing. The valve clearance is adjusted by the top of the bucket tappets inserted spacer plates and follows the patented for Fiat Lampredi development. Since the valves are not in the cylinder axis, but at an angle to it and the inside of the cylinder V into oblique line of sight along the motor axis, the result for the exhaust ports of the engine an extremely unfavorable gas management with a very narrow angle in the cylinder head. This meant that this engine could never shine through high power outputs. Not even the sports version of the Abarth 030 SE for the Giro d' Italia, a constructed on the basis of the then still in development Lancia Montecarlo pure competition car, came over 265 hp out of 3.6 liters. The result was that, although cultured, but underachieving and thirsty V6 the Achilles heel of the Fiat 130
The sedan body was designed in Fiat's own Centro Stile; designer responsible was its director Mario Felice Boano. The shape was a development of the lines of the little Fiat 128; the body of the 130, however, was considerably more chrome trim. Boanos design from the start was the subject of some harsh criticism. Even today, the sedan is called a " stylistic misses " or described as " baroque and bombastic ". She was 4750 mm long, 1803 mm wide, 1473 mm high, and weighed 1474-1615 kg.
The 130 could be equipped with many extras; Air conditioning, electric windows, locking differential, alloy wheels, transistor ignition, leather upholstery and automatic transmission.
However, it lacked well- at least in Germany to the prepared traders who were able to offer such a luxurious model and wait. Therefore, the 130 was not very successful. This did not change the technical revision in 1971 ( larger motor; 3238 cc and 165 hp ) nothing.
After approximately 15,000 copies produced the sedan was eventually taken to the end of 1976 from the offer.
The Fiat 130 Coupe was produced in small numbers at Pininfarina starting in spring 1971. It had 3238 cm3 displacement and 165 hp ( 121 kW).
The coupe has been designed at Pininfarina, performers, designers were Paolo Martin and Leonardo Fioravanti. This car is still regarded as a design milestone. Key features of the design can be found in the also designed by Pininfarina Rolls- Royce Camargue again. The dimensions of the coupe were L x W x H = 4842 mm x 1760 mm x 1378 mm, weight 1559-1600 kg.
Notwithstanding this was the 130 Coupe but no commercial success. There were not enough customers for such an expensive vehicle that was sold under the Fiat brand.
The end of 1977 the production after just 4500 copies has been set.
Fiat made the early seventies, a prototype for a station wagon, which did not go to series. Base was the factory sedan.
Pininfarina launched in the 1970s from two special models of its coupe design that remained unique pieces each:
- The Fiat 130 was a three-door sport wagon Maremma -style shooting brakes. The vehicle was behind the B-pillar, a large glass areas. The trunk lid was strongly inclined and opened wide.
- The Fiat 130 Opera was a four-door notchback sedan, the continuing wrote the design of the 130 coupe consistently. The car was generally perceived as far more elegant than the factory sedan; however the series production was not recorded.
- The Officine Introzzi from Como produced in the late 1970s, at least one other cluster on the basis of plant sedan that bore side panels of imitation wood, imitating the style of American " Woodies ".
- The Carrozzeria Pilato set five hearses ago on the basis of plant sedan that Carrozzeria Casale produced at least one funeral vehicle based on the 130 Coupé.